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Solve the Differential Equation: D Y D X − 2 X 1 + X 2 Y' = X 2 + 2 - Mathematics

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Sum

Solve the differential equation: `(d"y")/(d"x") - (2"x")/(1+"x"^2) "y" = "x"^2 + 2`

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Solution

The given differential equation is 

`(d"y")/(d"x") - (2"x")/(1+"x"^2) "y" = ("x"^2 + 2)`

This equation is of the form `(d"y")/(d"x") + P"y" = "Q", "where P" = (-2"x")/(1+ "x"^2) and  "Q" = "x"^2 + 2`

Now, `"I.F." e^(intPd"x")  = e^(int_ (-2"x")/(1+"x"^2) d"x"  =e^-log(1+"x"^2) = e^log((1)/(1+"x"^2))  = (1)/(1+"x"^2)`

The general solution of the given differential equation is

`"y" xx "I.F." = int_  ("Q" xx "I.F.") d"x" + "C", "where C is an aribatry constant"`

⇒ `("y")/(1 +"x"^2) = int_ ("x"^2 + 2)/(1+ "x"^2) d"x" + "C"`

= `int_  (1 + (1)/("x"^2 + 1)) d"x" + "C"`

= `int_  d"x" + int(1)/("x"^2 + 1) d"x" + "C"`

= `"x" + tan^-1 "x" + "C"`

`"y" = (1 + "x"^2)("x" + tan^-1 "x" + "C")`

Concept: General and Particular Solutions of a Differential Equation
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