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Solve the Following Differential Equations: ( 1 + X 2 ) D Y D X − 2 X Y = ( X 2 + 2 ) ( X 2 + 1 ) - Mathematics

Sum

Solve the following differential equation:-
\[\left( 1 + x^2 \right)\frac{dy}{dx} - 2xy = \left( x^2 + 2 \right)\left( x^2 + 1 \right)\]

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Solution

Given,
\[\left( 1 + x^2 \right)\frac{dy}{dx} - 2xy = \left( x^2 + 2 \right)\left( x^2 + 1 \right)\]
\[\Rightarrow \frac{dy}{dx} - \frac{2x}{\left( 1 + x^2 \right)}y = \left( x^2 + 2 \right)\]
\[\]
This is a linear differential equation
\[I.F.= e^{\int - \frac{2x}{1 + x^2}dx} = \frac{1}{1 + x^2}\]

\[y\left( \frac{1}{1 + x^2} \right) = \int\left( \frac{x^2 + 2}{x^2 + 1} \right)dx\]
\[ \Rightarrow y\left( \frac{1}{1 + x^2} \right) = \int\left( 1 + \frac{1}{1 + x^2} \right)dx\]
\[ \Rightarrow y\left( \frac{1}{1 + x^2} \right) = x + \tan^{- 1} x + C\]
\[ \Rightarrow y = \left( x + \tan^{- 1} x + C \right)\left( 1 + x^2 \right)\]
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APPEARS IN

RD Sharma Class 12 Maths
Chapter 22 Differential Equations
Exercise 22.1 | Q 29 | Page 106
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