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The Sum of Two Number A And B Is 15, and the Sum of Their Reciprocals `1/A` and `1/B` Is 3/10. Find the Numbers A And B. - CBSE Class 10 - Mathematics

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Question

The sum of two number a and b is 15, and the sum of their reciprocals `1/a` and `1/b` is 3/10. Find the numbers a and b.

Solution

Given that a and b be two numbers in such a way that b = (15 - a).

Then according to question

`1/a+1/b=3/10`

`(b + a)/(ab)=3/10`

`(a + b)/(ab)=3/10`

By cross multiplication

10a + 10b = 3ab                        ........ (1)

Now putting the value of b in equation (1)

10a + 10(15 - a) = 3a(15 - a)

10a + 150 - 10a = 45a - 3a2

150 = 45a - 3a2

3a2 - 45a + 150 = 0

3(a2 - 15a + 50) = 0

(a2 - 15a + 50) = 0

a2 - 10a - 5a + 50 = 0

a(a - 10) - 5(a - 10) = 0

(a - 10)(a - 5) = 0

a - 10 = 0

a = 10

Or

a - 5 = 0

a = 5

Therefore,

When a = 10 then

b = 15 - a = 15 - 10 = 5

And when a = 5 then

b = 15 - a = 15 - 5 = 10

Thus, two consecutive number be either a = 5, b = 10 or a = 10, b = 5.

  Is there an error in this question or solution?

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Solution The Sum of Two Number A And B Is 15, and the Sum of Their Reciprocals `1/A` and `1/B` Is 3/10. Find the Numbers A And B. Concept: Solutions of Quadratic Equations by Factorization.
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