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If Two Pipes Function Simultaneously, a Reservoir Will Be Filled in 12 Hours. One Pipe Fills the Reservoir 10 Hours Faster than the Other. How Many Hours Will the Second Pipe Take to Fill the Reservoir? - CBSE Class 10 - Mathematics

ConceptSolutions of Quadratic Equations by Factorization

Question

If two pipes function simultaneously, a reservoir will be filled in 12 hours. One pipe fills the reservoir 10 hours faster than the other. How many hours will the second pipe take to fill the reservoir?

Solution

Let the first pipe takes x hours to fill the reservoir. Then the second pipe will takes (x + 10) hours to fill the reservoir.

Since, the faster pipe takes x hours to fill the reservoir.

Therefore, portion of the reservoir filled by the faster pipe in one hour = 1/x

So, portion of the reservoir filled by the faster pipe in 12 hours = 12/x

Similarly,

Portion of the reservoir filled by the slower pipe in 12 hours =12/(x + 10)

It is given that the reservoir is filled in 12 hours.

So,

12/x+12/(x+10)=1

(12(x+10)+12x)/(x(x+10))=1

12x + 120 + 12x = x2 + 10x

x2 + 10x - 24x - 120 = 0

x2 - 14x - 120 = 0

x2 - 20x + 6x - 120 = 0

x(x - 20) + 6(x - 20) = 0

(x - 20)(x + 6) = 0

x - 20 = 0

x = 20

Or

x + 6 = 0

x = -6

But, x cannot be negative.

Therefore, when x = 20then

x + 10 = 20 + 10 = 30
Hence, the second pipe will takes 30hours to fill the reservoir.

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Solution If Two Pipes Function Simultaneously, a Reservoir Will Be Filled in 12 Hours. One Pipe Fills the Reservoir 10 Hours Faster than the Other. How Many Hours Will the Second Pipe Take to Fill the Reservoir? Concept: Solutions of Quadratic Equations by Factorization.
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