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Find the Values of K for Which the Quadratic Equation ( 3 K + 1 ) X 2 + 2 ( K + 1 ) X + 1 = 0 Has Equal Roots. Also, Find the Roots. - CBSE Class 10 - Mathematics

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Question

Find the values of k for which the quadratic equation 

\[\left( 3k + 1 \right) x^2 + 2\left( k + 1 \right)x + 1 = 0\] has equal roots. Also, find the roots.

Solution

The given quadric equation is  \[\left( 3k + 1 \right) x^2 + 2\left( k + 1 \right)x + 1 = 0\] and roots are real and equal.

Then, find the value of k.

Here

\[a = 3k + 1, b = 2(k + 1) \text { and } c = 1\].

As we know that 

\[D = b^2 - 4ac\]

Putting the values of  \[a = 3k + 1, b = 2(k + 1) \text { and } c = 1\]

\[D = \left[ 2\left( k + 1 \right) \right]^2 - 4\left( 3k + 1 \right)\left( 1 \right)\]

\[ = 4( k^2 + 2k + 1) - 12k - 4\]

\[ = 4 k^2 + 8k + 4 - 12k - 4\]

\[ = 4 k^2 - 4k\]

The given equation will have real and equal roots, if D = 0

Thus, 

\[4 k^2 - 4k = 0\]

\[\Rightarrow 4k(k - 1) = 0\]

\[ \Rightarrow k = 0 \text { or } k - 1 = 0\]

\[ \Rightarrow k = 0 \text { or } k = 1\]

Therefore, the value of k is 0 or 1.
Now, for k = 0, the equation becomes

\[x^2 + 2x + 1 = 0\]

\[ \Rightarrow x^2 + x + x + 1 = 0\]

\[ \Rightarrow x(x + 1) + 1(x + 1) = 0\]

\[ \Rightarrow (x + 1 )^2 = 0\]

\[ \Rightarrow x = - 1, - 1\]

for k = 1, the equation becomes

\[4 x^2 + 4x + 1 = 0\]

\[ \Rightarrow 4 x^2 + 2x + 2x + 1 = 0\]

\[ \Rightarrow 2x(2x + 1) + 1(2x + 1) = 0\]

\[ \Rightarrow (2x + 1 )^2 = 0\]

\[ \Rightarrow x = - \frac{1}{2}, - \frac{1}{2}\]

Hence, the roots of the equation are \[- 1 \text { and } - \frac{1}{2}\].

  Is there an error in this question or solution?

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Solution Find the Values of K for Which the Quadratic Equation ( 3 K + 1 ) X 2 + 2 ( K + 1 ) X + 1 = 0 Has Equal Roots. Also, Find the Roots. Concept: Solutions of Quadratic Equations by Factorization.
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