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What is Saponification? Write the Chemical Equation of the Reaction Involved in this Process. Name All the Substances Which Take Part in this Process and Also Those Which Are Formed. - Science

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ConceptSoaps and Detergents

Question

What is saponification? Write the chemical equation of the reaction involved in this process. Name all the substances which take part in this process and also those which are formed.

Solution

Saponification is a process of preparing soap by the hydrolysis of fats or oils with alkalis.
When animal fat or vegetable oil (ester) is heated with concentrated sodium hydroxide solution, soap and glycerol (alcohol) are formed.

Equation: Fat or oil (Ester) + Sodium Hydroxide → Soap + Glycerol (an alcohol)

The chemical equation is as follows:

  Is there an error in this question or solution?

APPEARS IN

 Lakhmir Singh Solution for Chemistry Class 10 (2018 to Current)
Chapter 4: Carbon And Its Compounds
Q: 48.2 | Page no. 265

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Solution What is Saponification? Write the Chemical Equation of the Reaction Involved in this Process. Name All the Substances Which Take Part in this Process and Also Those Which Are Formed. Concept: Soaps and Detergents.
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