Solution - Soaps and Detergents



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Describe in brief the cleansing action of soap.

Explain the cleansing action of soaps.


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 People use a variety of methods to wash clothes. Usually after adding the soap, they ‘beat’ the clothes on a stone, or beat it with a paddle, scrub with a brush or the mixture is agitated in a washing machine. Why is agitation necessary to get clean clothes?

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A student takes about 4 ml of distilled water in four test tubes marked P, Q, R and S. He then dissolves in each test tube an equal amount of one salt in one test tube, namely sodium sulphate in P, potassium sulphate in Q, calcium sulphate in R and magnesium sulphate in S. After that he adds an equal amount of soap solution in each test tube. On shaking each of these test tubes well, he observes a good amount of lather (foam) in the test tube marked

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(B) Q and R

(C) P, Q and S

(D) P, R and S

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A student takes four test tubes marked P, Q, R and S of 25 mL capacity and fills 10 mL of distilled water in each. He dissolves one spoon full of four different salts in each as − KCl in P, NaCl in Q, CaCl2 in R and MgCl2 in S. He then adds about 2 mL of a sample of soap solution to each of the above test tubes. On shaking the contents of each of the test tubes, he is likely to observe a good amount of lather (foam) in the test tubes marked

(a) P and Q

(b) R and S

(c) P, Q and R

(d) P, Q and S

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Which of the following sets of materials can be used for conducting a saponification reaction for the preparation of soap?

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(b) NaOH and neem oil

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Differentiate between Toilet soap and Laundry soap.

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Solution for concept: Soaps and Detergents. For the course 8th-10th CBSE