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Sum

Show that the following system of linear inequalities has no solution x + 2y ≤ 3, 3x + 4y ≥ 12, x ≥ 0, y ≥ 1

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#### Solution

Given that: x + 2y ≤ 3, 3x + 4y ≥ 12, x ≥ 0, y ≥ 1

Let x + 2y = 3

⇒ x = 3 – 2y

x | 3 | 1 | 5 |

y | 0 | 1 | –1 |

Now putting (0, 0) in x + 2y ≤ 3

0 + 0 ≤ 3

0 ≤ 3 True

Therefore, the shading will be towards (0, 0)

Consider the in equation 3x + 4y ≥ 12

Let 3x + 4y = 12

x | 0 | 4 | 2 |

y | 3 | 0 | 1.5 |

Putting (0, 0) in 3x + 4y ≥ 12

0 + 0 ≥ 12

0 ≥ 12 False

Therefore, shading will be on the opposite side of the graph of line.

x ≥ 0 ⇒ Positive side of y-axis will be shaded.

And y ≥ 1 ⇒ Upperside of y = 1 will be shaded.

Let us now draw the graph.

It is clear from the graph that there is no common shaded region.

Hence, the solution is null set.

Concept: Solution of System of Linear Inequalities in Two Variables

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