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Short answer question Write a short note on the Adaptations of plants to water scarcity. - Biology

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Short Note

Write a short note on Adaptations of plants to water scarcity

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Solution

Adaptations of plants to water scarcity:

Plants found in deserts are well adapted to cope with water scarcity and the scorching heat of the desert.

  1. Plants have an extensive root system to tap underground water.
  2. They bear thick cuticles and sunken stomata on the surface of their leaves to reduce transpiration.
  3. In Opuntia, the leaves are modified into spines and the process of photosynthesis is carried out by green stems.
  4. Desert plants have special pathways to synthesize food, called CAM (C4 pathway). It enables their stomata to remain closed during the day to reduce water loss by transpiration.
Concept: Adaptations and Its Types
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APPEARS IN

Balbharati Biology 12th Standard HSC for Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 13 Organisms and Populations
Exercises | Q 3.6 | Page 307
NCERT Class 12 Biology
Chapter 13 Organisms and Populations
Exercises | Q 11.2 | Page 240
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