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Short Answer Question Explain the mode of infection and cause of elephantiasis. - Biology

Answer in Brief

Short Answer Question

Explain the mode of infection and cause of elephantiasis.

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Solution

The life cycle of Wuchereria bancrofti:

i. Wuchereria bancrofti has a complicated life cycle that consists of five stages.

ii. After mating of male and female worms, the female gives birth to thousands of live microfilariae.

iii. These microfilariae are taken up by vector insect (intermediate host), as a blood meal.

iv. In the intermediate host, microfilariae moult and develop into 3 rd stage (infective) larvae, in the intermediate host.

v. When the vector bites a healthy person, infectious larvae are injected in the dermis of the skin.

vi. After about one year, the larvae moult through two more stages maturing into adult worms.

Mode of transmission:

Wuchereria bancrofti is transmitted to the human body by female Culex mosquito. The larvae escape the mosquito bodies and arrive on the human skin.

They penetrate the skin, undergo two moultings before they become adults, and settle in the lymphatic system. The incubation period can be as long as 8-16 months.

Concept: Filariasis/Elephantiasis
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APPEARS IN

Balbharati Biology 12th Standard HSC for Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 10 Human Health and Diseases
Exercise | Q 3.04 | Page 244
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