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Short answer question Distinguish between the following: Parasitism and Mutualism - Biology

Distinguish Between

Short answer question

Distinguish between the following: Parasitism and Mutualism

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Solution

  Parasitism Mutualism
i.

In parasitism, only one species (parasite) is benefited and the interaction is detrimental to other species (host).

In mutualism, both species are benefited.
ii. The parasite needs a host, but the host does not need the parasite. Both species need the presence of each other.
E.g. Cuscuta, a parasitic plant commonly found growing on hedge plants. Lichen represents the mutualistic relationship between a fungus and photosynthetic algae or cyanobacteria.
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APPEARS IN

Balbharati Biology 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 13 Organisms and Populations
Exercise | Q 3.5 | Page 307
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