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Short Answer Question Distinguish between active immunity and passive immunity. - Biology

Distinguish Between

Short Answer Question

Distinguish between active immunity and passive immunity.

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Solution

No. Active Immunity Passive Immunity
a. When resistance is developed by individuals as a result of an antigenic stimulus it is called active immunity.

When ready-made antibodies are directly given to protect the body against foreign agents, immunity is called ‘Passive immunity’.

b. The types of active immunity are natural acquired active immunity and artificial acquired active immunity. The types of passive immunity are natural acquired passive immunity and artificially acquired passive immunity.
c. It has no side effects. It may cause a reaction.
d. It provides relief only after a long period.

It provides immediate relief.

e. It is long-lasting immunity. It is short-lived immunity.
e.g. Polio vaccine, BCG vaccine, etc. Rabies vaccine, maternal antibodies, etc.
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APPEARS IN

Balbharati Biology 12th Standard HSC for Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 10 Human Health and Diseases
Exercise | Q 3.08 | Page 245
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