Short Answer Question
Distinguish between active immunity and passive immunity.
|No.||Active Immunity||Passive Immunity|
|a.||When resistance is developed by individuals as a result of an antigenic stimulus it is called active immunity.||
When ready-made antibodies are directly given to protect the body against foreign agents, immunity is called ‘Passive immunity’.
|b.||The types of active immunity are natural acquired active immunity and artificial acquired active immunity.||The types of passive immunity are natural acquired passive immunity and artificially acquired passive immunity.|
|c.||It has no side effects.||It may cause a reaction.|
|d.||It provides relief only after a long period.||
It provides immediate relief.
|e.||It is long-lasting immunity.||It is short-lived immunity.|
|e.g.||Polio vaccine, BCG vaccine, etc.||Rabies vaccine, maternal antibodies, etc.|
Concept: Concept of Immunity
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