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Seeing the Growing Cases of Diabetes and Depression Among Young Children, Mr Lugani, the Principal of One Reputed School, Organised a Seminar in Which He Invites Parents and Principals. - Chemistry

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Seeing the growing cases of diabetes and depression among young children, Mr Lugani, the principal of one reputed school, organised a seminar in which he invites parents and principals. They all resolved this issue by strictly banning junk food in schools and introducing healthy snacks and drinks like soup, lassi, milk etc. in school canteens. They also decided to make compulsory half an hour of daily physical activities for the students in the health survey in most of the school and discovered a tremendous improvement in the health of the students

After reading the above passage, answer the following questions:

(i) What are the values (at least two) displayed by Mr Lugani?

(ii) As a student, how can you spread awareness about this issue?

(iii) What are antidepressant drugs? Give an example.

(iv) Name the sweetening agent used in the preparation of sweets for a diabetic patient.

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Solution 1

(i) The values displayed by Mr. Lugani are:

  • Care - He showed concern for the health of the students.
  • Selfless service - He conducted seminars and health surveys in most of the schools.

(ii) Awareness regarding diabetes and depression can be spread among students by seminars, health camps, debates, pamphlets, workshops by doctors, etc. to highlight the need to follow healthy eating habits and importance of physical activity in day to day life of students.

(iii) Antidepressant drug: Antidepressant drugs are those class of organic compounds that are neurologically active drugs. These drugs reduce the symptoms of major depressive disorders and other conditions, including anxiety disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder, eating disorders, chronic pain, neuropathic pain and sleep disorders, by correcting chemical imbalances of neurotransmitters in the brain.

Example: Iproniazid, phenelzine, etc.

Disclaimer: Any one of the aforementioned examples of antidepressant drugs will be sufficient.

(iv) Artificial sweetening agents such as aspartame can be used in the preparation of sweets for a diabetic patient.

Solution 2

(i) Care for the health of the students and selfless service for mankind are some of the key values displayed by Mr Lugani.

(ii) Awareness regarding diabetes and depression among students can be spread by organising and conducting seminars, health camps, discussions and debates, distribution of brochures and pamphlets, organising workshops by doctors emphasising the need to follow healthy eating habits and practising regular physical exercise.

(iii) Antidepressant drugs are chemical compounds used to treat major depressive disorders and several other conditions such as chronic pain, anxiety disorders and dysmenorrhoea. Example: Clomipramine

(iv) Saccharin is the sweetening agent used in the preparation of sweets for a diabetic patient.

Concept: Chemicals in Food - Artificial Sweetening Agents and Food Preservatives
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