Describe the effects of Second World War.
As the Second World War was fought at a broader level, it created an adverse impact on the overall life of human beings. Also, it resulted in long-term effects. Some effects of this war were
a. Great Loss of Life and Property: The Second World War caused greater damage than the First World War. It killed more than one crore soldiers and a greater number of people became handicapped. The expenditure of the war for all the nations was up to 1517 billion dollars. It destroyed agriculture and industry, and there was great loss to public property.
b. The Financial Effect: It ruined the economy of all the nations. Inflation, price-rise, shortage, drought, wide-spread diseases and black marketing filled the life of the common man with troubles. There was also a huge scarcity of food, clothes, medicines, coal and fuel.
c. The Decline of Imperialism: The empires of Germany, Italy and Japan declined after their defeat in the war. The imperial foundation of victorious nations too became weak. Despite England and France trying their best to maintain their empires, they could not retain control over their colonies. This lead to India, Sri Lanka and Indonesia in Asia and Egypt, Sudan and Libya in Africa to attain independence.
d. Moral Degradation of Man: The unprecedented destruction during the war changed people’s attitude towards God, religion and woman. Also, the death of bread earners made lives of widows and orphans critical. The use of atom bombs brought unforeseen human destruction which began a spate of violence and atrocities all over the world.
e. Establishment of the United Nations Organization: The destruction caused by the war created a desire for peace. Therefore, with the aim of resolving international issues through peaceful negotiations, establishing cooperation and coexistence and maintaining global peace, an organisation named the United Nations was set up on 24th October 1945.
f. The Onset of Cold War: After the end of the war, the equation of power changed. As America emerged as the new super power after the decline in France and England, Russia became the new leader of communist nations. This resulted in a cold war between the communist nations led by Russia and the democratic and capitalist nations led by America.