Relax your feet, legs and entire body. Be as quiet as you can. - English

One Line Answer

Relax your feet, legs and entire body. Be as quiet as you can.



Do yourself.

Concept: Listening Skills
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Chapter 5.1: Don’t be Afraid of the Dark - Don’t be Afraid of the Dark [Page 79]


NCERT English - Marigold Class 4 Cbse
Chapter 5.1 Don’t be Afraid of the Dark
Don’t be Afraid of the Dark | Q 1. | Page 79


Listen to the stories carefully, as your teacher reads them aloud. Note down the new words, ideas, or concepts. Discuss them in the class.

Read the passage aloud.

Read the poem aloud.

Read the poem aloud.

Read the poem aloud using proper rhythm and intonation.

Read aloud the conversations in the story turn by turn.

Read the poem aloud using proper intonation.

Read the poem aloud with proper pace and rhythm.

Learn and recite the poem.


Form groups of three and read the conversation in the story aloud.

Listen carefully and guess how the sentence would end.

Once there was a crow. He was very thirsty. He wanted to drink ____________  ____________ .

Listen carefully and guess how the sentence would end.

There were dark clouds in the sky. Soon, it began to ____________.

Listen carefully and write all the words correctly.

‘I need two books.’ ‘Me, too.’ ‘I gave one to my sister.’

Listen carefully and write all the words correctly.

He ate the whole apple but there were holes in the apple.

Listen carefully and write all the words correctly.

Do you know the tale of the mouse who had seven tails? Please tell it to us.

Listen carefully and write all the words correctly.

I knew you wanted new shoes.

Learn and recite the poem.

Recite the poem.

The drinking water is supplied by____________ lake to the city.

The Paralympic games are for _____.

Listen to the passage about Nammazhwar, an environmental crusader from Tamil Nadu. As you listen, answer the following question. The listening act can be repeated if required.

In 1963 he worked for ___________ as ___________.

Listen to the passage about Nammazhwar, an environmental crusader from Tamil Nadu. As you listen, answer the following question. The listening act can be repeated if required.

Explain in your own words the meaning of “Farming ___________ even in the 21st Century”.

Listen to the passage about Nammazhwar, an environmental crusader from Tamil Nadu. As you listen, answer the following question. The listening act can be repeated if required.

“He never pushed ideas down anyone’s throat” means.

Without trust, there is no ______.

If we keep moving forward you will have a wonderfully ______.

The duties and responsibilities of the parents are

  1. to comfort their children saying that everything will be all right.
  2. ______.
  3. ______.

The _______ can be seen in the night sky as a bright, quickly-moving light.

State whether the statement is true or false.

The melting process causes bits of dust and debris to trail behind the comet.

A gift not only with _______________, but _______________ who care and love us beyond themselves.

At the age of seventeen, she captained the Indian Women’s cricket team.

They watched the ______ tumbling towards the shore.

The __________ and __________ of your journey must also be selected.

After filling information and captcha click on __________ booking.

She can connect to the Internet on her mobile.

She usually listens to music on her mobile.

Her mobile phone is also a kind of ______.

Children can feel ________ when they have their mobile phones with them.

Granny compared ______ with the pencil.

Where does this story take place?

Do you like mysteries? What is your favorite kind of story? Explain.

Dilli Haat is a _______.

Madhubani painting can also be a ______.

Shorter bird vocalizations are ______.

Fitness is ______.

What is Numismatics?

Painting can help unleash your creative side. How?

What is your friend’s hobby? How does it differ from yours? Discuss and write.

Announcement 1

What are the things to be kept ready?

Announcement 1

When will the regular boarding begin?

Announcement 2

For whom is the final boarding call?

Announcement 3

When will the flight be in the air?

Listen to the passage carefully and write the answer.

What was the question asked by the journalist?

Dad has talked a lot about this fishing spot in the past.

Dad says his daughter MUST fish.

The Nobel Committee has been called a conservative body because

Listen to the flash news. Read the question given below, then listen to the flash news again and complete the response.

What escaped from the zoo?

Listen to the flash news. Read the question given below, then listen to the flash news again and complete the response.

How did it escape?

Listen to the flash news. Read the question given below, then listen to the flash news again and complete the response.

What did the zoo-keeper do?

The target audience for this speech is.

The brass lamp was in the truck.

Nandhu wanted to play with the lamp.

Red peppers have______.

Red chilli is also called______.

Mint leaves help to cure______.

Scuba Diving has a huge following all over the world.

Udagamandalam is located in the Western Ghats zone at an altitude of______.

Some of the negative effects of a mobile phone are:

(a) __________________
(b) __________________
(c) __________________

(d) __________________

Excessive use of mobile phones can be hazardous to one’s health as ______.

Choose the correct one after listening to the announcement.

The Kovai Superfast Express is arriving on platform no. ______.

Choose the correct one after listening the movie clip.

Bart wants to help his mom.

Choose the correct one after listening the movie clip.

Bart’s mother wants him to make tomato sauce.

Choose the correct one after listening the movie clip.

The can is in the fridge.

Choose the correct one after listening the movie clip.

How many times did Bart say that the can opener is broken?

Listen to the audio and answer the following.

Who has the big bus?

  1.  Jacklin 
  2. Shabeena

Why do we wear helmet?

Listen and respond to the directions. Then circle the correct action words that you heard and performed.


(a) get up

(b) sit down (c) bend down (d) stand
2. (a) ask (b) hear (c) tell (d) shout
3. (a) drink (b) chew (c) swallow (d) eat
4. (a) drive (b) ride (c) fly (d) sail
5. (a) imitate (b) act (c) do (d) perform
6. (a) put (b) throw (c) take (d) keep
7. (a) read (b) print (c) draw (d) write
8. (a) shake (b) touch (c) grab (d) hold
9. (a) tell (b) say (c) ask (d) read
10. (a) open (b) close (c) shut (d) drag

Fouls usually lead to a ______.

Yellow card is known as ______.

Listen to the conversation and answer the following.

How long will it take to make Adai?

  1. 5 minutes
  2. 10 minutes
  3. 15 minutes

It is the first day at school.

There are many children outside.

Listen to the advertisement and answer the question given.

When does the deposit mature?

  1. Both
  2. 21 years
  3. 14 years

Listen to the advertisement and answer the question given.

The minimum deposit for an account is ______.

  1. Public Provident Fund
  2. Selvamagal
  3. Postal Life Insurance

Listen to the advertisement and answer the question given.

Income tax exemption given under the section ______.

  1. 80C
  2. 18C
  3. 16A

Listen to the advertisement and answer the question given.

The name of the savings scheme is ______.

  1. ₹ 1000
  2. ₹ 2000
  3. ₹ 500

Listen to the following paragraph.

The Ant and the Dove

On his way home, an ant saw a sparkling fountain. He crawled onto its wall to take a closer look.

Suddenly he slipped and fell into the water. He gurgled and panicked and waved his legs in the air. “Help! I can't swim,” he cried. Luckily, just at that moment, a friendly dove flew by. She saw that the tiny ant was drowning and quickly flew to a nearby tree.

She pulled off a leaf and let it glide down to the ant. “Here you are,” she cooed and flew away.

(Adapted from Aesop’s Fables)

  1. Why do you think the dove helped the ant?
  2. How do you think the ant felt on finding the leaf?
  3. Have you ever been in trouble like the ant? Did anyone help you?

Listen to the audio and choose true or false.

It gives confidence and peace of mind.

Listen to the audio and choose true or false.

You can’t hold the pencil hard.

Listen to the audio and respond to the following question.

The weather in England is ______.

Fun with sounds

pleasure treasure - measure
wear tear - -
stare where - -
planned canned scanned strand
topsy-turvy hurly-burly hurly-burly curly-whirly

Let’s practice with P and F.

pleased pricked pinched punished
fat fruit fell forgotten
palm pair proud parade
farm fare frown fish

Where is Manipur on the map of India?

What language do the people of Manipur speak?

Who do you think should have been made the future king?

  • Sanajaoba, the one who jumped through the tree.
  • Sanayaima, the one who jumped over the tree.
  • Sanatomba, the one who uprooted the tree.

Why do you think so?
Who was made the future queen and why?

Listen to the songs of birds. Say the words boy and bee. Listen to the b sound in -

big bubbles bin bag blue blow black

Listen to the baby chicks- cheep cheep cheep.

Listen to the sounds around you when you are on your way to school. Discuss with your friend the sounds that you heard. List them here 

Sounds you heard Sounds your friend heard

Say the words aloud one by one. Follow the instructions and move your body accordingly.

Shoulders Move them up and down.
Feet Walk forward and backward.
Run Fast and slow.
Hands Move them left and right.

Now jump, hop, march and tiptoe.

There was a thick jungle with beautiful green trees and birds.

Koyal was singing happily. Suddenly she heard someone crying. It was her friend, the peacock. She flew to him and asked...

Some things make you feel happy. Some things make you feel sad. Write a poem on the picture.

Read out the following phrases aloud. Divide them into loud and softer sounds.

  1. clapping hands
  2. a worm moving
  3. stamping feet
  4. a bud blooming
  5. a butterfly flying
  6. a feather dropping
  7. an ant walking
  8. a car moving
  9. the wind blowing
  10. ssshhhh
  11. whisper
  12. tiptoe
  13. a leaf falling
Loud sounds Softer sounds

Whisper a secret in your partner’s ear. The partner will in turn whisper his secret in your ear.

Now talk about the secret aloud. 

Listen to the words

Come in, come in Go out, go out

What word signs have you seen or heard –

at home   
at the vegetable shop  
at the library  
at the doctor’s place  
at the bus stop  
at the toy shop  

Discuss with your partner how you would send a similar message to someone.

Also find out how people sent messages in olden days and how they send them nowadays.

Listen and tell the sounds that these words in the poem produce.

  • cart ______
  • drinks ______

Can you make these sounds?

What are some of the different sounds you hear when the Ice-cream Man comes?

Read and listen to these two poems with your partner and find out what are the things that the village child and the city child like.

The Village Child

My home is a house

Near a wood

I'd live in a street

If I could!

I do wish someone

Lived near.

There's no one to play with

At all.

The trees are so high

And so tall:

And I should be lonely

For hours,

Were it not for the birds

And the flowers.

The City Child

I live in a city

In a street;

It is crowded with traffic

And feet;

There are buses and motors

And trams.

I wish there were meadows

And lambs.

The houses all wait

In a row

There is smoke everywhere

That I go.

I don't like the noises

I hear

I wish there were woods

Very near.

Read the following statements and the given options. Now, listen to your teacher read aloud a passage or play it on a recorder. You may listen to it again if required, to help you choose the right options.

The hand that rocks the cradle rules the world. It is the mother who rocks the cradle. It is she who exercises her influence over the mind of her children. She moulds the character of her children with her noble qualities. Napoleon said, “Give me good mothers, I will give you a good nation”. Mothers play an important role in building nations. The love of our mother is usually the first and deepest love that we come across. For many people, their mother’s love becomes the pattern of love in later life.

A mother’s love is unconditional. No matter what you do, you know that your mother will always love you. The phrase ‘mother’s love’ derives from the love traditionally shown by a biological mother to her child. But indeed any love that is deeply caring and unconditional can be described as a motherly love, Adoptive mothers show this type of love to the children they adopt. It is important in life to be cherished and loved for who you are and to be supported in all you do! Love is the most important thing in the world. Why not exhibit love to creatures and all those around you?

i) According to Napoleon ‘Good mothers make good ______.

  1. housewives
  2. jobs
  3. nations
  4. ideas

ii) Mothers exhibit ______love.

  1. unauthorized
  2. unapproved
  3. unacceptable
  4. unconditional

iii) ______ mothers care much for their children.

  1. Adapted
  2. Adopted
  3. Adoptive
  4. Adaptable

iv) ______ is the most important thing in the world.

  1. Wealth
  2. Power
  3. Love
  4. Influence

v) Love should be extended to ______too

  1. friends
  2. relatives
  3. countrymen
  4. creatures

Listening Activity

First, read the questions given below. Next, listen to an excerpt from a poem read out by your teacher or played in a recorder. Note how a child admires and praises the abilities of his/her father. Then tick the right answers from the options given.

by Edgar Albert Guest


My father knows the proper way
The nation should be run;
He tells us, children, every day
Just what should now be done?
He knows the way to fix the trusts,
He has a simple plan;
But if the furnace needs repairs,
We have to hire a man.
My father, in a day or two
Could land big thieves in jail;
There’s nothing that he cannot do,
He knows no word like “fail.”
‘Our confidence” he would restore

Of that there is no doubt;
But if there is a chair to mend,
We have to send it out.
In conversation, father can
Do many wondrous things;
He’s built upon a wiser plan
Then presidents or kings.
He knows the ins and outs of each
And every deep transaction;
We look to him for theories,
But look to ma for action

i) When the ______ needs to be repaired, they have to hire a man.

  1. heater
  2. furnace
  3. stove
  4. oven

ii) Father knows no word like______

  1. fail
  2. frail
  3. jail
  4. snail

iii) It is certain that the father would restore the _______of the family members.

  1. glory
  2. prosperity
  3. confidence
  4. happiness

iv) The father will not be able to mend a broken

  1. table
  2. bench
  3. chair
  4. stool

v) The children expect their _________ to guide them in action.

  1. mother
  2. father
  3. teacher
  4. guardian

Read the questions based on the running commentary of a cricket match. Then, listen to the running commentary of the match read out by your teacher or played on the recorder and tick the right answers.

49th over, first ball, Kulasekara to Yuvraj, 1 run, yorker outside off, dug out to point, Yuvraj and Dhoni scamper through for a single. Perfect time for Dhoni to hit the winning runs. He deserves to hit the runs. Second ball, Kulasekara to Dhoni, SIX!! India are World Champions! A nation of a billion will sleep well tonight. What a shot to end the game! Yuvraj can’t control his emotions. He is in tears. Sachin runs in from the dressing room and is mobbed. What marvellous scenes in Mumbai! Dhoni got under the length ball and absolutely hammered that out of sight and out of the park. The White Kookaburra soared over the fence. Bhajji too is in tears. 28 years in waiting and the helicopter shot has brought an end to the game.

The finishers of old times Dhoni and Yuvraj, who were popularly called ‘ The Finishers ’ against Pakistan and Sri Lanka a few years ago, took the game closer and a thrilling finish was on the cards. They needed 30 off 30 deliveries when the batting power play became mandatory. Could they do it? They were up against a lethal bowler in Malinga. Just three runs of the Malinga over meant the Indians needed 27 off the next four overs. There were nerves all around, but the two batsmen in the middle looked to be in a different world altogether. Pressure was just a distant relative and they kept their cool to help India romp home with 10 deliveries to spare.

i) Who faced the first ball in the 49th over?

  1. Kulasekara
  2. Yuvraj
  3. Dhoni
  4. Sachin

ii) Which batsman hit a sixer?

  1. Kulasekara
  2. Bajji
  3. Dhoni
  4. Yuvraj

iii) Where was the match held?

  1. Chennai
  2. Delhi
  3. Calcutta
  4. Mumbai

iv) Who were popularly called ‘The Finishers’?

  1. Dhoni and Yuvaraj
  2. Bajji and Malinga
  3. Gambhir and Yuvaraj
  4. Perara and Malinga

v) How many runs did India need to win the match in the last four overs?

  1. 21
  2. 27
  3. 30
  4. 37

First, read the following statements. Then, listen to the passage read aloud by your teacher or played on the recorder and answer the questions that follow. You may listen to it again, if required.

Tejaswini Sawant is an Indian shooter from the Maharashtrian city of Kolhapur. Her father Ravinder Sawant was an officer in the Indian Navy. Tejaswini represented India in 2004 at the 9th South Asian Sports Federation Games. She, in the 2006 Commonwealth Games, won one gold medal in Women’s 10m Air Rifle Singles and Women’s 10m Air Rifle Pairs. In 2009, in the 50m Rifle 3 positions, she won a bronze and in 2010 she became a world champion in the 50m Rifle Prone game held in Germany. In the 2010 Commonwealth Games, she won one bronze and two silver medals in the women’s 50m Rifle Prone Pairs, the Women’s 50m Rifle Prone Singles and the Women’s 50m Rifle 3 positions respectively. Tejaswini was the first Indian shooter to win a Gold medal at the world championship in the 50m Rifle Prone Game.

Choose the most appropriate option and complete the sentences.

1. Tejaswini Sawant is an Indian______.

  1. shooter
  2. boxer
  3. cricketer

2. She represented India at the 9th South Asian Sports Federation Games in ______.

  1. 2001
  2. 2002
  3. 2004

3. In 2006, she won a Gold medal in the ______.

  1. Commonwealth Games
  2. Olympic Games
  3. Asian Games

4. She became a world champion in the 50m Rifle Prone game held in ______.

  1. Germany
  2. Russia
  3. India

5. Tejaswini was the first Indian woman shooter to win a ______ medal at the World Championship in the 50m rifle prone game.

  1. gold
  2. silver
  3. bronze

First, read the incomplete sentences given below. Listen to two interesting anecdotes about two scientists, that your teacher will read aloud or play on the recorder. Then, based on your understanding, complete the sentences suitably.

Thomas Alva Edison stepped from a train in Orange, New Jersey and walked down the platform. The station master knew how forgetful the famous inventor was. Therefore, he would always ask him a customary question. He asked Edison if he had left anything behind. Edison confidently replied that he had not left anything and everything was safe with him. Then, he began taking a count of his suitcases. As he was doing so, he happened to look up at the train. With a start, he dropped his bags and raced back to the car in which he had been travelling. What prompted that burst of activity was the face of his bride, with whom he had just married and returned from a honeymoon trip, staring from a window.

Albert Einstein was working at the Princeton University. One day when he was going back home he forgot his home address. The driver of the cab aid not recognize him. Einstein asked the driver if he knew Einstein’s home. The driver exclaimed that there could be no one who did not know Einstein’s address. He added that everyone in Princeton knew where Einstein lived and asked him if he wanted to meet Einstein. Einstein with a sheepish grin replied that he was Einstein and he had forgotten his residential address. He requested the cabbie if he could take him there. The astonished driver drove him home and dropped him safely. The cabbie considered driving Einstein a great honour and refused to charge him for the service.

  1. Edison travelled to New Jersey by ______.
  2. The station master enquired Edison if ______.
  3. Edison raced back to the car when he saw ______.
  4. Albert Einstein was working in ______.
  5. One day, when he was going back home, he ______.
  6. Einstein asked the cab driver if he knew ______.
  7. The driver was so good that he ______.

Read the following statements. Now, listen to the talk on the importance of humour and laughter for good physical and mental health. You may listen to the text again if required, to help you choose the correct option

Humour and laughter are used in a variety of therapeutic situations. Therapeutic humour has the power to motivate and lessen stress and pain. Laughter improves one’s sense of well being. The benefits of a good “belly laugh” are being discovered by empirical research. You can feel relaxed and good after laughing at a funny movie, television program, or humorous event.

It seems generally accepted that our bodies respond in a positive way to a hearty laugh. It is reported that laughter, like exercise, can reduce stress, improve tolerance to pain, and alter bodily functions such as blood pressure, heart rate, muscle activity, and stomach acidity. In business, managers are learning the advantages of using humour. Happier, healthier employees work better. Humour improves employee creativity, so employees are sometimes trained how to introduce humour into their personal/professional life.

A number of hospitals and related institutions have created humour rooms. The humour room is stocked with books, comics, funny posters, audiotapes, and videos. Humour is a therapeutic tool that demands energy for its creation, yet its rich rewards include a closer therapeutic bond through shared laughter. The best humour comes from what is going on “at the moment.” Therefore one can plan to use humour yet rely on spontaneous opportunities to employ it. Humour is something positive that should bring mutually shared enjoyment and pleasure. Above all, humour is called a way of living not a part of living.

i) Humour has the power to motivate and ______stress and pain.

  1. improve
  2. intensify
  3. intensify
  4. increase

ii) It seems generally ______that our bodies respond in a positive way to a hearty laugh.

  1. accepted
  2. denied
  3. improved
  4. confused

iii) The _________ is stocked with books, comics, funny posters, audiotapes, and videos.

  1. waiting room
  2. humour room
  3. ICU
  4. reception

iv) One can plan to use humour yet rely on __________ opportunities to employ it.

  1. late
  2. better
  3. future
  4. spontaneous

v) Humour is called a way of _________, not a part of living.

  1. living
  2. playing
  3. nourishing
  4. developing

Complete the following dialogue between a doctor and a patient with ten sets of utterances for the following situation in which a person goes to a doctor for treatment. The doctor wishes to give him/ her an injection. The person is scared. The doctor convinces the patient and administers the injection. Now, in pairs, enact the dialogue in the classroom.

Based on your understanding of the play, explain how a mistaken understanding of events can lead to confusion. How has the author used this unexpected combination of events in the situation to create humour?

Have you ever found yourself in such a situation? Discuss in groups and act out such a situation.

Listen to the announcement made by your teacher and answer the questions that follow.

The Department of School Education has organized a one-day seminar on ‘Career Guidance and Counselling for the students appearing for the oncoming Public Examination. The programme is scheduled at 3 p.m. today, at Dr A P J Abdul Kalam Auditorium, on our School campus. You are to assemble at the venue at 2.45 p.m. sharp, with a notebook and a pen. The main purpose of the programme is to create awareness among students on the numerous career options available and the various institutions that offer relevant courses.

The other objective is to boost their self-confidence and prepare them to face the challenges they encounter from time to time with courage. You are expected to be attentive throughout the programme, actively participate in discussions and get all your doubts clarified without any hesitation. The second session will be conducted in the first week of next month. Those who are interested in attending the next session can register your names with the School Pupil Leader within two days.

Complete the following sentences based on your listening.

  1. The programme is organized by the Department of ______.
  2. The topic of the seminar is ______.
  3. The programme is to be held at ______p.m. at ______.
  4. Students are instructed to carry a ______and a ______to the programme hall.
  5. The main purpose of the programme is to provide information on ______options and the ______that offer relevant courses.
  6. Students who wish to attend the second session should register within ______.

First, read the following sets of limericks with missing words. Now, listen to them being read out aloud by your teacher or played on the recorder. As you enjoy the absurd fun, complete the verse with what you hear. You may listen to them again, if required.


A wonderful bird is the (i) ______His beak can hold more than his (ii) ______can. He can hold in his beak Enough food for a (iii) ______! But I’ll be darned if I know how the Peli-can?


There once was a (iv) ______ at the zoo Who always had something to do When it (v) ______ him, you know, To go to and fro, He (vi) ______ it and went fro and to.


There once was a (vii) _______ little bunny Who I thought was sweet and (viii) ______ He ate all the carrots, And looked at the (ix) ______ And that was my cute little (x) ______.

Listen to the information about Vishalini and complete her profile with suitable words/phrases.

Vishalini, hailing from ______in Tamilnadu is ______years old. She is endowed with an outstanding ______and ______skills. Her IQ is ______, higher than the previous score of ______. She has been the ______speaker in International conferences. At the Google India Summit, she was honoured as the youngest ______. She is the recipient of ______international awards. This child prodigy is considered a ______girl.

______ was one of the places visited by Mahesh.

The Art Museum at Trivandrum is called ______.

Mahesh had been to the ______Lake Wild Life Sanctuary.

Cochin is called the ______of the East.

Listen to the passage read out aloud by the teacher or played on a recorder and answer the questions that follow.

Listen to the views of a leading economist R. Azhagarasan about EMI in an interview.
We live in a world where everyone likes to lead a comfortable and luxurious life, though our salaries are not enough to meet our needs. In such a situation, the EMI seems to be the only option. It helps people pay for the expensive things, they have purchased, in parts as installments. It gives monetary power to buy expensive things beyond the capacity of a common man. Otherwise, many people will never be able to buy such things. This proves beneficial for people in purchasing a house and other essential appliances and accessories.

It also has some negative unavoidable results. If people are not able to pay EMI on time, they have to keep on paying the loan amount for years together with interest. If people are not able to pay EMI on time, they may face serious problems such as the penalty for default, repossession of the purchased items, and might even be subjected to legal actions. Moreover, people may have the tendency to buy things that are not at all necessary, paying EMIs over a longer period of time. This may lead them into never ending debts. Hence, people should learn to spend within their means.

i. The speaker says that our income is sufficient to meet our needs. Is it true or false?

ii. EMI is the only ______for people who buy very expensive things.

  1. consolation
  2. setback
  3. option
  4. debt

iii. One is able to buy costly things with ______power offered by EMI.

  1. physical
  2. withstanding
  3. honorary
  4. monetary

iv. If people fail to pay EMIs, they may be subjected to ______.

  1. expulsion
  2. high pressure
  3. legal action
  4. dejection

v. People should learn to spend ______their means.

  1. within
  2. beyond
  3. above
  4. beneath

Now, you are going to listen to the cautionary instructions that are given to the general public living in flood-prone areas. Listen carefully and complete the following sentences.

Floods are an inevitable natural disaster that can occur in any part of the world. Floods can prove all the more disastrous in localities, where population density is high. Preparation for Disaster Management has become imperative for any city, town, or village during monsoons. The Government Department entrusted with Disaster Management makes periodic announcements about the precautions to be taken whenever floods are anticipated.

Now, you are going to listen to the cautionary instructions that are given to the general public living in flood-prone areas. Listen carefully and complete the following sentences. For the attention of the public, here is an announcement from the Department of Disaster Management. As per the warning issued today by the Meteorological Department, there exists a high probability of a widespread heavy downpour from the early hours of Sunday and consequent flooding of low-lying areas. In order to ensure the safety of life and property, everyone is hereby warned and advised to take certain precautionary measures:

  • First of all, prepare a household flood plan and be ready to respond to the situation.
  • Find out the locations of the closest flood shelters available and routes to reach them.
  • Maintain an emergency kit comprising water bottles, biscuit packets, medical supplies, a torchlight, and a whistle to signal for help.
  • Paste or fix a list of emergency telephone numbers on the wall in a visible spot.
  • Switch off hazardous items like gas cylinders and disconnect electrical gadgets.
  • Secure important personal documents and valuables in a waterproof case and place it in an accessible location.
  • Place small pieces of furniture and clothing on tables and cots.
  • Shift all the small objects safely to the loft.
  • Empty your refrigerators and leave their doors open to avoid damage in case they float.
  • Charge your mobile phones as well as your battery banks so as to communicate with friends, relatives, and emergency services.
  • Place sandbags in the toilet bowls and bathroom drain holes to prevent sewage inflow.
  • Prepare and pack food with a long shelf life.
  • Finally, listen to the periodic news updates through your portable communication devices and follow the instructions implicitly.
  1. The announcement was made by the Department of ______.
  2. Widespread heavy rains are expected from the early hours of ______. 
  3. The public is asked to find out the locations of ______. 
  4. An emergency kit should contain water bottles, biscuit packets, and a ______.
  5. A list of ______should be displayed on the wall. f) Important documents can be secured by keeping them in a______ case. 
  6. Damage to refrigerators can be avoided by ______. 
  7. Mobile phones should be charged to enable the marooned to contact their friends, relatives and ______. 
  8.  ______should be placed in the toilet bowls to prevent sewage inflow.
  9. Listen to the ______and follow the instructions implicitly.

Some phrases have been left out in the poem below. Fill in the missing phrases on listening to the reading or the audio played by the teacher. You may listen again, if required

The Soldier

If I should die, ______

That there’s some corner______

That is ______ There shall be

In that rich earth a richer ______

A dust whom England bore, shaped, made aware,

Gave, _____ roam;

A body ______ air,

Washed ______ suns of home.

And think, ______ away,

A pulse in the ______, no less

Gives somewhere back ______ given;

Her______; dreams happy as her day;

And laughter,______ and gentleness,

In hearts .______ English heaven.

Rupert Brooke

Listen to the passage about the ‘Significance of Tea’ and answer the questions.

Tea has been an important beverage for thousands of years. It is consumed by two-thirds of the world’s population. India is the second-largest tea producer in the world after China, although over 70 percent of its tea is consumed within India. Tea has been proved to offer numerous health benefits. Scientists and researchers have found that drinking tea could reduce the risk of heart diseases. The antioxidants in tea might prevent cancer. Regular tea drinking might help one in lowering blood sugar and blood pressure. Tea might be an effective agent in the prevention and treatment of neurological disorders. The consumption of tea results in the strengthening of one’s teeth, bones, and immune system. However, drinking too much tea may prove to be harmful to one’s health. So, drinking tea moderately could make one healthier. Researchers have confirmed the significant overall health benefits of drinking tea.


  1. Which country is the largest tea producer in the world?
  2. ______ percent of the tea produced in India is exported.
  3. What is the role of antioxidants in tea?
  4. Drinking tea strengthens one’s ______, ______and ______.
  5. How does drinking tea help a diabetic?

First, read the question given below, then listen to the poem, read aloud by the teacher, or played on an audio player. Then answer the question based on your listening of the poem.


Midnight Wonders
I was tossing in my bed in the midnight hour, struggling to get a wink of sleep, but my eyes lay on the clock tower.

I looked upon the dark sky; it was adorned with sparkling pearls, which giggled at me and put a shine to my curls.

I gazed at the chubby moon, which was white and glistening like milk. Gave me a lovely, motherly smile through her lips as rosy pink.

All these magnificent objects made my mind calm. My eyelids started drooping. I was grateful for their wonderful charm.

Nature had arrived to aid me when I was trying to catch sleep. She, with her caring palms, lulled me to slumber, so deep.

1. The poet was tossing in the bed awake because ______

  1. he was worried
  2. he was struggling to sleep
  3. it was daytime
  4. he was tired

2. The ______were ‘sparkling as pearls’.

  1. moon
  2. sun
  3. stars
  4. meteoroids

3. The ______gave the poet a motherly smile.

  1. sun
  2. stars
  3. moon
  4. sky

4. ______made the poet’s eyelids droop.

  1. nature
  2. rosy lips
  3. songs
  4. tiredness

5. ______is the title of the poem.

  1. Wonders
  2. Midnight Wonders
  3. Nature
  4. Midnight dreams

Listen to the passage being read out. Based on your understanding, complete the statements given below with appropriate answers.

We have all experienced boredom sometime or the other. Boredom occurs when a person is unable to stay attentive. It is something more than an unpleasant feeling. It can make you angry and frustrated and lead to negative physical health consequences.

How boredom affects one physically
A study reveals that when a person is affected by acute boredom his eyelids droop and the face assumes a frown. There is a gradual loss of ability to coordinate movements. These symptoms are accompanied by mental fatigue and a slowing down of thought processes. A bored person at work is likely to make many more errors than one who is not bored. We should never let boredom take charge. There are several easy ways to overcome boredom.

Here are a few practical suggestions:

  • Set goals for yourself, work towards them.
  • Develop an interest in hobbies and crafts.
  • Socialize, stay in the company of cheerful people.
  • Take up a charitable cause.
  • Exercise regularly.

Coming out of boredom will feel like breaking free from a cold, dark room into the outdoors on a warm, sunny day

  1. Boredom occurs when a person is unable to ______
  2. ______ and ______ are emotional consequences of boredom.
  3. Two physical signs of acute boredom are
  4. How does boredom affect the quality of work a person does?
  5. Mention two ways by which one can overcome boredom.

Listen to the poem and fill in the blanks with appropriate words and phrases. If required listen to the poem again.

The World Is Too Much with Us

The world is too much with us; late and soon, Getting and spending, we lay waste our powers; Little we see in ______that is ours; We have given ______away, a sordid boon! This Sea that bares her bosom ______, ______that will be howling at all hours, And are up-gathered now like ______, For this, for everything, we are ______; It ______us not. Great God! I'd rather be A Pagan suckled in a creed outworn; So might I, standing on this pleasant lea, Have glimpses that would make me less forlorn; Have sight of Proteus rising ______Or hear old Triton blow his wreathed horn.

First, read the following statements. Then, listen to the passage read aloud by your teacher or played on the recorder and complete the statements. You may listen to it again, if required.

There are many answers to this question. Firstly, 1 would say that we owed much to the work of previous climbers on Everest: to the experience and know ledge they passed on, and to the fact that they had gone on trying and had never given up hope.

Next, I w ould place the careful and thorough planning done before the climb began. On the Everest, a large number of people have to do different things in different places at the same time. Unless every detail had been worked out in advance, things would quickly have gone wrong.
The third reason was the excellence of our equipment. In particular, our oxygen apparatus was very important, and it worked well. Without it. we could not have reached the summit.

Our own fitness played a big part in the climb, and this was due to our periods of training, in which we got used gradually to great heights: and to our food; and to the care and attention we received from our doctors.

Above all else, I should like to mention how well we worked together. That was the biggest single reason why we got to the top. In the four months we were together we lived and worked as a team. Not everyone could climb to the top. Some of the members had jobs to do on other parts of the mountain; jobs that were less exciting than climbing to the summit, but just as dangerous and uncomfortable. But everyone played his part to the full. That was the biggest thing of all.

In the same way, our Sherpas were magnificent. Without our tents, our oxygen, our food, our climbing gear, the summit could not have been reached. And without the Sherpas, we could

not have lifted all this equipment, which weighed 750 lb., up to 26,000 feet, ready for the assaults. No praise is too high for these cheerful and
gallant men.

Finally, there was the weather. For five weeks we had bad weather; then, after the middle of May, we were lucky. It no longer snowed, and even the wind sometimes dropped.

Complete the following.

a) List any three aspects which contributed to the success of the ascent of the summit.

  1. ______
  2. ______
  3. ______

b) Without the help of ______nothing would have been possible.

c) The main idea of the passage is ______.

d) The biggest thing of all is ______.

e) ______were cheerful and gallant men.

Listen to the poem and fill in the blanks with appropriate words and phrases. If required, listen to the poem again


BEYOND the East the sunrise, beyond the West the sea, And East and West the wander-thirst that will not let me be; It works in me like madness, dear, to bid me say good-bye; For the seas call, and the stars call, and oh! the call of the sky!

I know not where the white road runs, nor what the blue hills are; But a man can have the sun for a friend, and for his guide a star; And there’s no end of voyaging when once the voice is heard, For the rivers call, and the roads call, and oh! the call of the bird!

Yonder the long horizon lies, and there by night and day The old ships draw to home again, the young ships sail away; And come I may, but go I must, and, if men ask you why, You may put the blame on the stars and the sun and the white road and the sky.

Choose the best option and complete the sentences.

1. ______ works like madness in the poet.

  1. Wander – Thirst
  2. Bidding Farewell
  3. Eastern Sunrise
  4. Western Seas

2. A man could choose ______ as his guide.

  1. the sun
  2. the hills
  3. a star
  4. a bird

3. There is no end of ______once the voice is heard.

  1. walking
  2. roaming
  3. talking
  4. voyaging

4. The old ships return, while the young ships ______.

  1. drift
  2. move
  3. sail
  4. wander

5. The blame is on the sun, stars, the road and the ______.

  1. hills
  2. trees
  3. seas
  4. sky

The oath taken by Graduates of Medicine is given as Listening passage.

Hippocratic Oath:

I solemnly pledge myself to consecrate my life to the service of humanity;

I will give to my teachers the respect and gratitude which is their due;

I will practice my profession with conscience and dignity; The health of my patient will be my first consideration;

I will maintain by all the means in my power, the honour and the noble tradition of the medical profession;

My colleagues will be my brothers; I will not permit considerations of religion, nationality, race, party politics or social standing to intervene between my duty and my patient; 

I will maintain the utmost respect for human life, from the time of conception, even under threat. 1 will not use my medical knowledge contrary to the laws of humanity; 

I make these promises solemnly, freely and upon my honour.

After listening to the pledge played on the tape recorder carefully, fill in the following statements with the right options given:

a) The medical graduates take oath to dedicate their ______to the service of humanity. 

  1. money 
  2. talent 
  3. life 
  4. nation

b) The ______of the patient should be the doctor’s greatest concern. 

  1. dignity 
  2. gratitude 
  3. health 
  4. honour

c) The would-be graduates promise to practise their profession with ______and dignity.

  1. conscience 
  2. knowledge 
  3. understanding
  4. respect

d) They should respect the ______of the patients.

  1. age 
  2. wealth
  3. background 
  4. secrets

e) The pledge is also to treat the patients without any ______

  1. fee
  2. discrimination
  3. interest
  4. hatred

Listen to the poem read by the teacher or to the recorded version and write a synopsis in about 100 words. The teacher can choose any three stanzas.

Lincoln’s Letter to his Son’s Teacher:
He will have to learn, I know, that all men are not just, all men are not true. But teach him also that for every scoundrel there is a hero; that for every selfish politician, there is a dedicated leader...Teach him for every enemy there is a friend,

Steer him away from envy, if you can, teach him the secret of quiet laughter.

Let him learn early that the bullies are the easiest to lick…. Teach him, if you can, the wonder of books... But also give him quiet time to ponder the eternal mystery of birds in the sky, bees in the sun, and the flowers on a green hillside.

In the school teach him it is far honorable to fail than to cheat…Teach him to have faith in his own ideas, even if everyone tells him they are wrong. Teach him to be gentle with gentle people, and tough with the tough.

Try to give my son the strength not to follow the crowd when everyone is getting on the bandwagon…Teach him to listen to all men.. .but teach him also to filter all he hears on a screen of truth, and take only the good that comes through.

Teach him if you can, how to laugh when he is sad…Teach him there is no shame in tears, Teach him to scoff at cynics and to beware of too much sweetness…Teach him to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidders but never to put a price tag on his heart and soul. Teach him to close his ears to a howling mob and to stand and fight if he thinks he’s right. Treat him gently, but do not cuddle him, because only the test of fire makes fine steel.

Let him have the courage to be impatient.. .let he has the patience to be brave. Teach him always to have sublime faith in himself, because then he will have sublime faith in mankind. This is a big order, but see what you can do...He is such a fine little fellow, my son!

Listen carefully to the story being read out and answer the questions.

A boy was flying a kite with his father. He was excited to watch the kite soar high and asked his father, “What kept the kite up?” Dad replied “The String”. The boy said, “No dad, the string is holding the kite down.” The father suddenly broke the string, the kite came crashing down. Now the boy understood, what was holding the kite up. This is true in life as well. We are, advised to follow a set of rules or a prescribed code of conduct to enable us to reach our full potential. However, very often we hear the phrase “I want to be free.” If you take the train off the track, it is free. But where would it go? If each one of us follows our own traffic rules and drive on any side of the road what would you call it? Freedom or chaos? By observing rules we are actually gaining freedom. This is what. discipline is all about.

1. According to the father what kept the kite up?

  1. the kite itself
  2. air
  3. the string
  4. father’s skills

2. The string helped the kite to ______.

  1. withstand the pressure
  2. break free
  3. crash
  4. soar high

3. To realize our full potential, we should ______.

  1. obey our elders
  2. follow a set of rules
  3. work hard
  4. plan well

4. A train should go on the ______to reach its destination.

  1. track
  2. line
  3. road
  4. path

5. To realize our full potential, we should ______.

  1. obey our elders
  2. follow a set of rules
  3. work hard
  4. plan well

6. Taking freedom in our own hands will lead to ______.

  1. self-discipline
  2. chaos
  3. a code of conduct
  4. freedom

7. The main idea of the passage is ______.

  1. the art of flying kites
  2. father’s advice to his son
  3. the importance of discipline
  4. the right to freedom

Some words have been left out in the poem below. First, read the poem. Then, fill in the missing words on listening to the reading or the recording of it in full. You may listen again, if required.

The Drum

John Scott (1731–83)

I hate that drum’s ______ sound,

Parading round, and round, and round:

To thoughtless ______ it pleasure yields,

And lures from cities and from fields, sell their ______ for charms

Of tawdry lace, and glittering arms;

And when______ voice commands,

To march, and fight, and fall, in______.

I hate that drum’s discordant sound, Parading round, and round, and round; To me, it talks of______plains, And burning towns and ruin’d swains, And all that Misery’s hand bestows, To fill the______of human woes.

Which of the following is not considered a tool for formative assessment?


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