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Solution - Two Towns a and B Are Connected by a Regular Bus Service with a Bus Leaving in Either Direction Every T Minutes What is the Period T Of the Bus Service and with What Speed (Assumed Constant) Do the Buses Ply on the Road - CBSE (Science) Class 11 - Physics

Question

Two towns A and B are connected by a regular bus service with a bus leaving in either direction every minutes. A man cycling with a speed of 20 km h–1 in the direction A to B notices that a bus goes past him every 18 min in the direction of his motion, and every 6 min in the opposite direction. What is the period of the bus service and with what speed (assumed constant) do the buses ply on the road?

Solution 1

Let V be the speed of the bus running between towns A and B.

Speed of the cyclist, v = 20 km/h

Relative speed of the bus moving in the direction of the cyclist

V – v = (V – 20) km/h

The bus went past the cyclist every 18 min i.e `18/60 h` (when he moves in the direction of the bus)

Distance covered by the bus = `(V - 20)18/60 km` .....(i)

Since one bus leaves after every T minutes, the distance travelled by the bus will be equal to 

`VxxT/60` ...(ii)

Both equation (i) and (ii) are equal

`(V-20) xx 18/60 = (VT)/60`  ....(iii)

Relative speed of the bus moving in the opposite direction of the cyclist

= (V + 20) km/h

Time taken by the bus moving in the opposite direction of the cyclist.

=(V+20) km/h

Time taken by the bus to go past the cyclist = 6 min = `6/60 h`

`:.(V+20)6/60 = (VT)/60`   ....(iv)

From equations (iii) and (iv), we get

`(V+20)xx6/60 = (V-20)xx 18/60`

V + 20 = 3V - 60

2V = 80

V = 40 "km/h"

Substituting the value of V in equation (iv), we get

`(40+20)xx6/60 = (40T)/60`

`T = 360/40`

T = 9 min

Solution 2

Let vb be the speed of each bus. Let vc be the speed of cyclist.

Relative velocity of the buses plying in the direction of motion of cyclist is vb – vc .

The buses playing in the direction of motion of the cyclist go past him after every
18 minute i.e.18/20 h.

:.Distance ccovered is `(v_b-v_c) xx 18/60`

Since a bus leaves after every T minute therefore distance is also to `v_b xxT/60`

`:. (v_b-v_c)cc18/60 = v_bxxT/60`  ......(1)

Relative velocity of the buses plying opposite to the direction of motion of the cyclist is `v_b +v_c`.

In this case, the buses go past the cyclist affter every 6 minute.

`:.(v_b + v_c) cc 6/60 = v_b xx T/60`  .....(2)

Dividing (1)  by  (2) we get `((v_b-v_c)18)/((v_b+v_c)6) =   1`

On simplification `v_b = 2v_c`

But v_c = 20 "km h"^(-1)`

`:. v_b = 40  "km h"^(-1)`

From equation (1)

`(40-20) xx18/60 = 40 xx T/60`

On simmplification T = 9 minutes

Is there an error in this question or solution?

APPEARS IN

 NCERT Physics Textbook for Class 11 Part 1 (with solutions)
Chapter 3: Motion in a Straight Line
Q: 9 | Page no. 56

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Reference Material

Solution for question: Two Towns a and B Are Connected by a Regular Bus Service with a Bus Leaving in Either Direction Every T Minutes What is the Period T Of the Bus Service and with What Speed (Assumed Constant) Do the Buses Ply on the Road concept: Relative Velocity. For the courses CBSE (Science), CBSE (Arts), CBSE (Commerce)
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