Referring closely to the conversation between Prospero and Ferdinand at the beginning of Act IV of The Tempest, bring out Prospero’s concerns as a father. - English Literature

Answer in Brief

Answer the following question as briefly as possible and with close reference to the relevant text.

Referring closely to the conversation between Prospero and Ferdinand at the beginning of Act IV of The Tempest, bring out Prospero’s concerns as a father.



At the beginning of Act IV of the tempest, Prospero presents his daughter Miranda as a gift and something that Ferdinand has earned, further, he adds his concern about his daughter by saying he has gained one-third of his life and clearly instruct Ferdinand not to have sex with her before their marriage ceremony takes place because the heaven will not bless their relationship but will overwhelm them with hate, contempt and discord, and will poison their marriage bed. So he asks Ferdinand to be careful to respect the holy institution of marriage as Prospero wants her daughter to have a happy married life.

Concept: Writing Skills
  Is there an error in this question or solution?
2021-2022 (April) Set 1


Sounds are tiny vibrations that can travel through air and other materials. The loudness of a sound is measured in decibels (db).
Typical sound level in decibels:
(1) Silence                                        0db
(2) Rustle of leaves                           10 db
(3) Breathing                                    10 db
(4) Radio music inside home              50-60 db
(5) Loud television                            70 db
(6) Road traffic Noise                        60-90 db
(7) Powerful rock music                    100 db
(8) Motor cycle                                105 db
(9) Heavy truck traffic                      90-100 db
(10) Wind in the trees                       20 db


Read the following information and prepare a fact life:
Delhi, capital of India, has an area of 1,483 Haryana and U.P are its neighbours. It has a literacy rate of 81.7%: (males 87.3 %, females 74.7%). People generally speak Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu and English. It is known for its Roshnara festival Shalimar, Qutab, mango festivals, garden Tourism and winter carnival.

Imagine you are Gitika. Road the following conversation and write a suitable message for your mother in 50-60 words:

Ankita  : Hi, didi ! I'm Ankita on the line. Is aunty at home?

Gitika   : No, she has gone to visit my grandparents. Is there any problem?

Ankita  : No, I just wanted to inform her that we have a special havan tomorrow at 9 a.m. at our place. My mother has specially invited all of you.

Gitika   : Okay, Thanks ! I'll inform her and we will definitely come.


A 3 BHK flat located in the heart of Seva Nagar, Pune is available for sale. Attached washrooms, wooden work in kitchen, fully furnished, close to  Metro Station, walking distance to Bus Terminus, etc , 24*7 Power Back-up, 24 hours security, Interested parties may contact to Harshita,12, Seva Nagar, Pune or ring 9810****** 

Wrestling mostly a male sport – Sakshi born in conservative surroundings – most unfavourable gender ratio for females – parental encouragement – one can't forget the look of determination on her face in the last three minutes of the bout.

Read the following extract carefully and present the information in the form of notes with the help of the given clues :
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was the first Vice President and second President of India.
He was a teacher, a philosopher and 'an author. He had introduced the thinking of Western idealist philosophers like Plato, Plontinus, Bergson into Indian thought.
He was born on 5th of September, 1888 in a poor Brahmin family. As his father could not afford his education expenses, Radhakrishnan supported most of his education
through scholarships. He completed his B.A. and M.A. with majors in philosophy. He went on to become a professor of philosophy. He showed that Indian Philosophy, once translated into standard academic jargon, is worthy of being called philosophy by Western standards.
He thus, placed Indian Philosophy on world map.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan had established a strong relationship with the Soviet Union when he w Is appointed as the ambassador to the Soviet Union.
He has been honoured with many awards for his achievements nationally and internationally. He was honoured with the Bharat Ratna in 1954. He is also acknowledged with the Templeton Prize, Peace Prize of German Book Trade, Order of Merit and many other honours.
Title : Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Birth : 5th September, 1888
Qualifications : B.A. ___________
Introduced thinking of : _________,_________and ____ into Indian thought.
Work : Translated_____________ into standard____________
Ambassador : __________________________________
Honours : National___________
                International Order of Merit

Read the following extract and answer the questions given below :
They whisper like drizzle
as they roam the streets
with a lost gaze as though
something they had thrown up
never returned to earth.

They shiver like December nights
in their dreamless sleep
on shop verandahs.

(1) Why do the old women in this extract roam the streets?

(2) What would you like to do for the betterment of the old people? 

(3) Find out an example of 'onomatopoeia' from the first stanza of the extract.

(4) Pick out the expressions from the extract showing the sad situation of the old women.

Write an application in response to the following advertisement using information given in the CV provided :

Smart, English speaking salesman for an electronic
showroom. Good salary offered. An experienced candidate will be preferred.
Write giving details to : The Proprietor, Ganesh Electronics, M.G. Road, Solapur.
C. V. (Resume)
(1) Name: Suhas Randive
(2) Age: 29 years
(3) Address: 105, Roshan Apartment, L.T. Road, Pune - 11
(4) Educational: B. A. (First class), Pune University qualification
(5) Experience: 3 years' experience of working as a salesman in a textile shop.
(6) Interests: Travelling, photography, reading.

Suggest two measures to increase the number of birds.

Complete the table :

Give your suggestions that will help the people to make Maharashtra prosperous.

     Have you are wondered why soldiers are always clad in green? This is to enable them to camouflage themselves during wartime. Hiding in the jungles, their green attire blends into the surrounding trees and shrubs, making it difficult for the enemies to spot them.

        Long before man-made use of camouflaging, insects have already adopted the tactic of disguise to escape from the clutches of their predators. By having body colour close to those of the rocks and dried leaves, they can escape from being pursued by the predators.

       Butterflies and moths have developed a variety of camouflage strategies since they are quite defenceless and their predators are abundant. Possessing wings which resemble dried leaves help certain butterflies and moths to hide among heaps of dried leaves when predators are around.

   Fortunately, not all insects choose the art of disguise to escape from their predators; otherwise, the world would be so dull and colourless. There are insects which assimilate the bright body colours of bees and wasps to escape from being pursued by their predator. Long ago, birds have already learnt to avoid brilliantly coloured wasps and bees in fear of their painful stings. Hence, over millions of years, many harmless insects have assimilated the bees and wasps by imitating. their bright body colours and shapes. In this way, they appear dangerous and hence ward them off.

      The beefy, not only appears like the bumblebee in terms of body colour, even its hums sound similar too. The only difference is that the beefy does not have a stirring and is hence harmless. The hoverfly is another insect which imitates. the body colours of the wasps. Their bodies are striped yellow and black. The only deviations are that hoverflies do not have stings, and they have only one pair of wings each while wasps have two pairs each. These variations are hardly noticed by the predators and hence help them to escape.

A1. Complete the table with the information from the passage : (2)

Insects Similarity Difference
Bumblebee - Beefy    
Wasp - Hoverfly    

A2. Complete the tree diagram : (2)


A3. Find out : (2)

‘Nature has given a self-protection mechanism to insects’.
Find out at least two examples from the passage to prove this statement. 

A4. Vocabulary - (2)

Find the words from the passage for :
(i) animal or bird that hunts other for food
(ii) to get free from danger
(iii) to prevent something from harming
(iv) to make a copy

A5. Personal response - (2)

‘Soldiers disguise themselves to prevent enemies to spot them’.
Give two more examples when the disguising technique is used by humans.

A6. Grammar - (2)

Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed :
(i) They have only one pair of wings.
(Make it negative without changing the meaning)
(ii) Insects have already adopted the tactic of disguise to escape from the clutches of their predators.
(Replace infinitive with gerund and rewrite)

(B) Summary : (3)

Summarise the above extract with the help of the points given and suggest a suitable title.
Camouflage of soldiers and insects - reason and ways for disguising - assimilation of insects - need of imitation.

A1. Choose two sentences that appropriately mention the theme of the passage :

(1) The extract deals with the writer’s concern over Chaitanya's handicap.
(2) The extract depicts the writer’s proud feelings towards her son’s achievement.
(3) The extract deals with how Chaitanya made the writer see positively towards life.
(4) The extract deals with how the writer helps Chaitanya to buy the bus ticket.

          Early in 1997-98, when he returned from state-level inter-school sports, he had two prizes to his credit and a silver medal. He had won his laurels in athletic events and the silver medal in a running race.
         When I saw the prizes and read the citation Chaitanya had received, I was stupefied, in total disbelief, then–hugged him, kissed him and cried unabashedly to my heart’s content. That day, I cried for the first time out of joy and a sense of being vindicated. Without practice, he had competed with approximately 1,800 children drawn from various schools all over the state. He was subsequently selected for the marathon race, but he could not participate due to a health problem. “Maybe next year, he would”, I assured myself. And I, as his proud mother, would proudly chronicle his future achievements and success to inspire other - mothers of the world.
                 Looking back at my own life, I feel that it is the spirit with which we can accept our life gracefully is what
matters ultimately; and it is love that nourishes us. All other things are unimportant. Chaitanya has made me look inwards. His handicap doesn’t disturb me any longer. He and I shall live with it and still be happy. The mental strength which he has given to me is inexhaustible.
         One day, as both of us got onto a public transport bus, Chaitanya offered to buy the tickets for us.
           “One full, one half ”, he said to the conductor beaming with joy.
               Looking at him, I wondered whether he was really only a half? An incomplete person? Was I really full?
Complete in all respects? Why do then normal people feel that they are ‘full’ and others like Chaitanya are ‘half’ or incomplete? Chaitanya’s world is complete in itself, pure and innocent while our lives are full of deceit, jealousies, ill-feelings. 

A2. Point out - 

Point out two instances where you find Chaitanya's victory over his disability. 

A3. Give reasons - 

Chaitanya’s silver medal in a running race was very special for the writer, because :
(i) __________________
(ii) __________________ 

A4. Vocabulary - 

Match the pairs of the words in column ‘A’ with their meanings in column ‘B’: 

  Column ‘A’   Column ‘B’
(1) stupefied (a) official statement about the special act of courage
(2) chronicle (b) record events in the order they happened
(3) vindicated (c) surprised or shocked
(4) citation (d) justified

A5. Personal response -

Explain, your views about the ill-treatment the special children receive in society. 

A6. Grammar - 

Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed :
(i) He had won his laurels in athletic events and the silver medal in a running race.
(Rewrite the sentence using ‘not only...but also’.)
(ii) When I saw the prizes, I was stupefied.
(Rewrite the sentence using ‘No sooner.... than’.)

Point out - 
Point out two instances where you find Chaitanya's victory over his disability.

Answer of these question in a short paragraph (about 30 words).

What kind of teachers did Margie and Tommy have?

Use capital letter, full stops, question marks, commas and inverted commas wherever necessary in the following paragraph. an arrogant lion was wandering though the jungle one day he asked the tiger who is stronger than you you O lion replied the tiger who is more fierce than a leopard asked the lion you sir replied the leopard he marched upto an elephant and asked the same question the elephant picked him up in his trunk swung him in the air and threw him down look said the lion there is no need to get mad just because you don’t know the answer.

Here is a topic for you to

1. think about;

2. give your opinion on.

Find out what other people think about it. Ask your friends/seniors/parents to give you their opinion.

‘Career Building Is the Only Goal of Education.’


‘Getting a Good Job Is More Important than Being a Good Human Being.’

You can use the following phrases

(i) while giving your opinion:

• I think that...

• In my opinion...

• It seems to me that…

• I am of the view that...

• As far as I know...

• If you ask me...

(ii) saying what other people think:

• According to some...

• Quite a few think...

• Some others favour...

• Thirty per cent of the people disagree...

• Fifty per cent of them strongly feel...

(iii) asking for others’ opinions:

• What do you think about...

• What do you think of...

• What is your opinion about...

• Do you agree...

• Does this make you believe...

Imagine that you are Santosh Yadav, or Maria Sharapova. You have been invited to speak at an All India Girls’ Athletic Meet, as chief guest. Prepare a short speech to motivate the girls to think and dream big and make an effort to fulfil their dreams, not allowing difficulties or defeat to discourage them. The following words and phrases may help you.

• self confident/confidence/sure of yourself

• self assured/assurance/belief in yourself

• morale/boost morale/raise morale

• giving somebody a boost/fillip/lift

• demoralising/unsure of yourself/insecure/lack confidence

Working in pairs, go through the table below that gives you information about the top women tennis players since 1975. Write a short article for your school magazine comparing and contrasting the players in terms of their duration at the top. Mention some qualities that you think may be responsible for their brief or long stay at the top spot.

Top-Ranked Women Players

I. The roll of honour of women who enjoyed life at the summit since everybody’s favourite player, Chris Evert, took her place in 1975.

Name Ranked on Weeks as No. 1
Maria Sharapova (Russia) 22 August 2005 1
Lindsay Davenport (U.S.)

October 2004

Amelie Mauresmo (France) 13 September 2004 5

Justine Henin-Hardenne (Belgium)

20 October 2003 45
Kim Clijsters (Belgium) 11 August 2003 12
Serena Williams (U.S.) 8 July 2002 57
Venus Williams (U.S.) 25 February 2002 11
Jennifer Capriati (U.S.) 15 October 2001 17
Lindsay Davenport (U.S.) 12 October 1998 82
Martina Hingis (Switzerland) 31 March 1997 209
Arantxa Sanchez-Vicario (Spain) 6 February 1995 12
Monica Seles (U.S.) 11 March 1991 178
Steffi Graf (Germany) 17 August 1987 377
Tracy Austin (U.S.) 7 April 1980 22
Martina Navratilova (U.S.) 10 July 1978 331
Chris Evert (U.S.) 3 November 1975 362

Which of these words would you use to describe Santosh Yadav? Find reasons in the text to support your choices, and write a couple of paragraphs describing Santosh’s character

contented determined resourceful polite adventurous considerate
weak-willed fearful



patient persevering

Your friend has not fared well in the recent examinations. Write a letter to him/her expressing your concern. Give him/her some advice on how to score better marks and offer to help him/her to improve his/her performance. 

Transform the following sentence as per the given instruction.

The old woman said to Arun, “Can you help me to cross the street?”
(Begin: The old woman asked Arun……………….) 

Greenland is the largest island in the world. 
(Rewrite: Using ‘larger’.) 

Transform the following sentence as per the given instruction.

How cruel Shylock was to demand his pound of flesh!
(Begin: It was cruel………………….) 

Write an original short story beginning with the following words : 

She was delighted to find the sealed envelope lying on her table. As she reached for it ............. 

In the following items, sentence A is complete, while sentence B is not. Complete sentence B, making it as similar as possible to sentence A.  Write sentence B.

(A) No other planet is as big as Jupiter.
(B) Jupiter ............................................................................... 

In the following items, sentence A is complete, while sentence B is not. Complete sentence B, making it as similar as possible to sentence A.  Write sentence B.
(A) He is forgetful as well as careless with his work.
(B) Besides ............................................................................. 

In the following items, sentence A is complete, while sentence B is not. Complete sentence B, making it as similar as possible to sentence A.  Write sentence B.

(A) It is probable that the ship will reach the shore.
(B) In all ................................................................................. 

In the following items, sentence A is complete, while sentence B is not. Complete sentence B, making it as similar as possible to sentence A.  Write sentence B.

(A) She said that she would return the book to the library the next day.
(B) She said, “She will return the book in the library tomorrow”. 

In the following items, sentence A is complete, while sentence B is not. Complete sentence B, making it as similar as possible to sentence A.  Write sentence B.

(A) His attitude towards his parents has always puzzled the
(B) I have .................................................................................. 

In the following items, sentence A is complete, while sentence B is not. Complete sentence B, making it as similar as possible to sentence A.  Write sentence B.

(A) He loved his little daughter, but he was in mortal fear of her fierce temper.
(B) Although .............................................................................. 

Fill in the blank with the suitable word. 

To every one’s surprise, he turned _____________ at the party.

Fill in the blank with the suitable word. 

Sita’s daughter carried _____________ the family business when Sita went abroad. 

Read the passage given below and answer the questions (a), (b) and (c) that follow : 

(1) At the Literary Society’s meeting, Isola read out the letters written to her Granny Pheen, when she was but a little girl. They were from a very kind man – a complete stranger.  Isola told us how these letters came to be written.
(2) When Granny Pheen was nine years old, her cat died. Heartbroken, sitting in the middle of the road, she was sobbing her heart out.
(3) A carriage, driving far too fast, came within a whisker of running her down. A very big man in a dark coat with a fur collar, jumped out, leaned over Pheen, and asked if he could help her. Granny Pheen said she was beyond help. Muffin, her cat, was dead.
(4) The man said, ‘Of course, Muffin’s not dead. You do know cats have nine lives, don’t you?’  When Pheen said yes, the man said, ‘Well, I happen to know your Muffin was only on her third life, so she has six lives left.’ Pheen asked how he knew.  He said he always knew - cats would often appear in his mind and chat with him.  Well, not in words, of course, but in pictures.
(5) He sat down on the road beside her and told her to keep still – very still. He would see if Muffin wanted to visit him.  They sat in silence for several minutes, when suddenly the man grabbed Pheen’s hand.
(6) ‘Ah – yes! There she is!  She’s being born this minute!  In a mansion – in France. There’s a little boy petting her, he’s going to call her Solange. This Solange has great spirit, great verve – I can tell already! She is going to have a long, venturesome life.’
(7) Granny Pheen was so rapt by Muffin’s new fate that she stopped crying.  The man said he would visit Solange every so often and find out how she was faring.
(8) He asked for Granny Pheen’s name and the name of the farm where she lived, got back into the carriage, and left.
(9) Absurd as all this sounds, Granny Pheen did receive eight long letters. Isola then read them out. They were all about Muffin’s life as the French cat − Solange. She was, apparently, something of a feline musketeer.  She was no idle cat, lolling about on cushions, lapping up cream – she lived through one wild adventure after another – the only cat ever to be awarded the red rosette of the Legion of Honour.
(10) What a story this man had made up for Pheen – lively, witty, full of drama and suspense. We were enchanted, speechless at the reading. When it was over (and much applauded), I asked Isola if I could see the letters, and she handed them to me.
(11) The writer had signed his letters with a grand flourish :
                                 VERY TRULY YOURS,
                                          O.F. O’F. W.W.
It was highly possible that Isola had inherited eight letters written by Oscar Wilde, for who else could have had such a preposterous name as Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Willis Wilde. 
                     Adapted from : The Guernsey Literary & Potato Peel Pie Society – By Mary Ann Shaffer & Annie Barrows

(a) (i) Given below are four words and phrases.  Find the words which have a similar meaning in the passage :[4]

(1) adventurous
(2) cat-like
(3) appreciated
(4) received something on someone’s death

    (ii) For each of the words given below, write a sentence of at least ten words using the same word unchanged in form, but with a different meaning from that which it carries in the passage :[4]

(1) kind (line 2)
(2) mind (line 13)
(3) still (line 15)
(4) sounds (line 26)

(b)  Answer the following questions in your own words as briefly as possible:
(i) Where did Isola get the letters from to read at the Literary Society’s meeting?[2]
(ii) Who consoled Granny Pheen when she was heart-broken?  What did he say about Muffin’s lives?[2]
(iii) What did the man say when Granny Pheen asked him how he knew about cats’ lives?[2]
(iv) According to the man, what was Muffin’s new fate?[3]

(c) In not more than 100 words, summarise why the eight letters were a treasure to Granny Pheen. (Paragraphs 2 to 10).  Failure to keep within the word limit will be penalised. You will be required to write the summary in the form of a connected passage in about 100 words.[8]

In what way is the poet relevant to our times?

The poet refers to a dying fire. Who were sitting beside it and why?

Why does the poet use repetition in the poem?

Why has the poet used the expressions, ‘ Great Scott’ and ‘Gadzooks’?

How is the last verse different from the other verse? Is the poet deriving a different mood than that expressed in the previous verse?

The poet compares the flowers to the milky way. Is the comparison apt?

How does the poet describe the world of nature?

What are the fears of the caged bird? Answer with examples from Maya Angelou’s poem.

Why does the caged bird stand on the “grave of dreams?”

But a BIRD that stalks down his narrow cage
Can seldom see through his bars of rage
His wings are clipped and his feet are tied
So he opens his throat to sing.

Read the above lines and answer the question that follow.

What docs the word “clipped” mean in this poem?

What do you think of the mentality of the crowd?

Thus I entered, and thus I go!
In triumphs, people have dropped down dead,
"Paid by the world, what dost thou owe
Me?"....God might question; now instead,
'Tis God shall repay: I am safer so.

Read the above lines and answer the question that follow.

Explain with reference to the context.

Explain briefly how Abou Ben Adhem demonstrated his love for God.

What is the significance of Easter Sunday in “Old Man at the Bridge”?

Discuss the theme of the story ‘ Hearts and Hands.’

Relate something unpleasant that happened to you during your childhood that nevertheless helped you to grow up and mature.

You are the editor of your school magazine. You have recently attended a cultural program in your city. Write an account of this program (in approximately 300 words) using the points given below:

Date and venue — occasion — Chief Guest — other invitees — inauguration — events —other important features — highlights — reaction of audience — conclusion.

Don John: Come, let us to the banquet
                  [Exeunt all but Claudio] 

Claudio: Thus answer 1 in name of Benedick,
But hear this ill news with the ears of Claudio. 'Tis certain so; the prince woos for himself. Friendship is constant in all other things Save in the office and affairs of love. Therefore all hearts in love use their own tongues. Let every eye negotiate for itself, And trust no agent; for beauty is a witch Against whose charms faith melteth into blood. This is an accident of hourly proof, Which I Mistrusted not. Farewell, therefore, Hero.
[Enter Benedick] 

Benedick: Count Claudio?

Claudio: Yea, the same. 

(i) Where are the speakers? Describe Claudio's state of mind?
(ii) What has Don John just revealed to Claudio? 
(iii) Explain the lines:

"Therefore all hearts in love use their own tongues.
Let every eye negotiate for itself,
And trust no agent;"
(iv) How does Don John succeed in conveying his thoughts to Claudio? What is his intention in doing so? 
(v) Why is 'beauty' said to be a 'witch'? Which aspect of Claudio is seen here? 
(vi) Give the meanings of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage: ill; save; office; 

(A) As soon as she reached home, she learnt that she had to leave for London.
(B) Hardly……………………………

(A) Ramesh said, "Rajiv, please bring your physics book to school tomorrow."
(B) Ramesh………………………….

(A) We did not know that Mr. Francis was retiring and leaving for Ooty.
(B) Little……………………………

After his parents died in a car accident, his uncle looked________him. 

The chairman says that he will look________their complaints.

The soldier laid________their lives defending their country.

This book runs________a hundred and fifty pages.


Louka! (she stops and looks defiantly at him) A gentleman has no right to hurt a woman under any ` circumstances. [with profound humility, uncovering his head]  beg your pardon. 


That sort of apology may satisfy a lady. Of what use is it to a servant? 

Sergius :

[rudely crossed in his chivalry, throws it off with a bitter laugh, and says slightingly) Oh! Do you wish to be paid for the hurt? [He puts on his shako, and takes some money from his pocket].

Louka :

[her eyes filling with tears in spite of herself] No: I want my hurt made well.

Sergius : [sobered by her tone] I low?

(i) Why does Sergius ask Louka's pardon? 
(ii) Why had he hurt her? 
(iii) Why does Louka remind Sergius that she is a servant? 
(iv) Why do Louka's eyes fill with tears? 
(v) How does Louka want her hurt made well? 
(vi) How does Sergius react to the suggestion 

One day a millionaire went to a hotel in New York and________(ask) for the cheapest room they________(have)."What________(be) the price of the room?" he________(ask). The manager________(tell) him."Is that that the cheapest room you________(have)? I________(stay) by myself and only________(need) a small room." The manager said, "Why do you choose a poor room like that? Your son always_______(stay) in our most expensive room.""Yes," said the millionaire, "but his father________(be) a wealthy man; mine is not."

Write a composition (350 - 400 words) on the following:

“The use of Mobile Phones must be allowed in schools.” Express your views either for or against the statement.

Raina :

[timidly] Nine thousand hotels? 

Bluntschli :

Hotels! Nonsense. If you only knew! Oh, it's too ridiculous. Excuse me: I must give my fellow orders about starting. [He leaves the room hastily, with the documents in his hand]. 

Louka :

[knowing instinctively that she can annoy Raina by disparaging Bluntschli] He has not much heart, that Swiss. He has not a word of grief for his poor father. 

Raina :

[bitterly] Grief! A man who has been doing nothing but killing people for years! What does he care about? What does any soldier care about? [She goes to the door, restraining her tears with difficulty].

Louka :

Major Saranoff has been fighting too, and he has plenty of heart left. [Raina, at the door, draws herself up haughtily and goes out].

(i) What news has Bluntschli just received? 
(ii) What makes Raina ask, `Nine thousand hotels'? 
(iii) Why is Bluntschli in such a hurry to leave? What does Louka comment about him? 
(iv) Why is Raina upset with Bluntschli? 
(v) Why in your opinion, does Louka compare Bluntschli to Sergius? What does she comment when Raina leaves the room?
(vi)  Who enters the room at this point? What news does he give Louka? 

Referring closely to the play, trace Don John's plots against Claudio and Don Pedro from their earliest beginnings. How do the plots end? 

Fill in the blank with an appropriate word:   

There was a steep rise ……… onion prices. 

The character of King Richard I is presented in Ivanhoe not only with all his admirable qualities but also with his shortcomings. Elaborate with close reference to the text.

Walter Scott appears sympathetic to Isaac's troubles. How does Scott highlight the treatment given to Jews through the character of Isaac? 

What could the narrator hear as he was lying down?

Why couldn't the narrator sleep?

Ichabod Crane, the central character of the short story 'The Legend of Sleepy Hollow', is a person who arouses both our amusement and pity. Discuss. 

Discuss how the speaker in the poem Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night rages against the traditional acceptance of death.

Write an original short story that begins with the words: “It's not my fault”, he shouted………”

‘Working women make better mothers than women who stay at home’. Express your views either for or against this statement.

Describe an early morning walk through your city or town in winter. Give details of the smells, sights, sounds, and feelings you experienced.

Your uncle has promised to give you a gift of Rs. 1000/-. Write a letter thanking him for the offer, tell him how you plan to spend the money; and why you wish to spend it in this way.

Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word: 

  1. The teacher spoke for Raju when he was wrongly accused of stealing money.
  2. We can visit her at the hostel at 3 pm and 6 pm on Saturdays.
  3. The Sinha's have lived in New Delhi 1943.
  4. Little children are often afraid of the dark.
  5. Sneha has applied for a scholarship.
  6. It took Ahmed many months to get the loss of his friend.
  7. She turned the generous offer made by the manager.
  8. We were asked to take our footwear as we were entering a place of worship.

Re-write the following sentences according to the instructions given after each. Make other changes that may be necessary, but do not change the meaning of each sentence.

  1. As soon as we lit the candle, the power supply was restored.
    (Begin: No sooner………. )
  2. The bee is more industrious than all other creatures.
    (Use: ‘most industrious’)
  3. The old woman was too slow to catch the bus.
    (Begin : The old woman was so……… )
  4. “I’ll do it tomorrow,” he promised.
    (Rewrite in indirect speech)
  5. Though Reema got an expensive gift she was not happy.
    (Begin: In spite of……… )
  6. I prefer reading a book to watching a movie.
    (Begin: I would rather…….. )
  7. I have never seen Mr. Roy lose his temper.
    (Begin: Never…….. )
  8. She found your keys in the garage.
    (Begin: The keys……… )

"We have had no rain since January", Ramu said.
(Begin: Ramu said that they .................. ) 

What difference did you notice between the reaction of the adults and the children when faced with danger?

We have come across words like 'gale' and 'storm' in the account. Here are two more words for 'storm': typhoon, cyclone. How many words does your language have for 'storm'?

‘Catamaran’ is a kind of a boat. Do you know which Indian language this word is derived from? Check the dictionary.

Notice these expressions in the text. Infer their meaning from the context.

  • forensic reconstruction

  • scudded across

  • casket grey

  • Resurrection

  • funerary treasures

  • Circumvented

  • computed tomography

  • eerie detail

Give reasons for the following.

Carter had to chisel away the solidified resins to raise the king’s remains.

Give reasons for the following.

What were the results of the CT scan?

Give reasons for the following.

List the advances in technology that have improved forensic analysis.

Give reasons for the following.

Explain the statement, “King Tut is one of the first mummies to be scanned — in death, as in life ...”

Discuss the following in groups of two pairs, each pair in a group taking opposite points of view.

Traditions, rituals, and funerary practices must be respected.

Do you think it is important to preserve languages?

Given below is an interesting combination of words. Explain why they have been used together.

stunning artefacts

Given below is an interesting combination of words. Explain why they have been used together.

virtual body

Here are some commonly used medical terms. Find out their meanings.

CT scan MRI  tomography
Autopsy  dialysis  ECG
Post mortem  angiography  biopsy

Some of the leaves and flowers mentioned in the passage for adorning the dead are willow, olive, celery, lotus, cornflower. Which of these are common in our country?

What laburnum is called in your language?

To what is the bird’s movement compared? What is the basis for the comparison?

Other sounds that occur frequently in the poem.

(i) What do you understand by the terms `outsider art’ and `art brut’ or `raw art’?

(ii) Who was the “untutored genius who created a paradise” and what is the nature of his contribution to art?

What does the phrase “strange to tell” mean?

Notice the following sentence patterns.

And who art thou? said I to the soft-falling shower.

Rewrite the above sentences in prose.

Notice the following sentence patterns.

For song…duly with love returns

Rewrite the above sentences in prose.

Below is a topic for essay writing. Follow the steps listed above to write on these topics.
Himalayan Quake 2005

Below is a topic for essay writing. Follow the steps listed above to write on these topics.
Public Health In Transition

Below is a topic for essay writing. Follow the steps listed above to write on these topics.

Success begins in the mind

How are the earth's principal biological systems being depleted?

Discuss in groups of four.

We have not inherited this earth from our forefathers; we have borrowed it from our children”.

Locate the following words in the text and study their connotation.

1. gripped the imagination of

2. dawned upon

3. ushered in

4. passed into current coin

5. passport of the future

Based on the text enact your own version of the play. Work in pairs.

Which do you think are the most poetic lines? Why?

Distinguish between the following pairs of sentences.

The librarian spoke respectfully to the learned scholar.

Given below is the dictionary meaning of

Smirk: to smile in a silly or unpleasant way that shows that you are pleased with yourself.

Look up the dictionary for the following words which are also related to facial expressions and write down the meaning of each





Why didn't John Garrideb like the idea of including Holmes in the hunt for the third Garrideb?

Who was Roger Presbury and how was John Garrideb connected with him?

How did Holmes guess that John Garrideb would go to 136, Little Ryder Street? Did he expect to find what he ultimately did before he went there?

The cleverest of criminals leave behind clues to their crime.

The contrast between the outward elegance of a person and his private behaviour.

Within a few pages, the author has packed the important events in the lives of John Ipe and his wife. Discuss how conciseness and economy of expression can achieve an effective portrayal of entire lives.

A short report announcing the death of a person in a newspaper is called an 'obituary'. Where would you find the following

a citation

an epitaph

a glossary

an abstract

a postscript

Guess what these words and phrases mean from the context


Grundig reel-to-reel





forsythia bushes






How did the narrator adjust to the ways of life first in London and then in Cambridge, U.S.A.?

What do you understand the character of Mrs. Croft from the story?

How does the narrator bring out the contrast between the Indian way of life and American society? Do you think his wife Mala adjusted comfortably to the new way of life?

Discuss in pairs or in small groups

The eccentricities of the old are often endearing.

Examine the pieces of conversation in the story. How do they reflect the world view of each of the speakers?

‘Don’t expect an English cup of tea’—how does this phrase bring out the contrast between English and American attitudes?

It took the narrator quite some time to understand that what he heard as 'piper', in fact, meant 'paper' and the phrase 'mind the gap' in the Tube. What do you think caused the problem?

Make a list of items that are referred to differently in British and American English, for example, 'lift' (BE) 'elevator' (AmE).

See if you understand what the following words that are parts of a house mean. Look up the dictionary if you don't.









Look for these expressions in the story and guess the meaning from the context


attuned himself

queer rhythmic frenzy


flush of prosperity

daze of bewilderment

wide-eyed wonder and eager homage


talking animatedly

tremulous deliberation

on terms of a perpetual feud


Give reasons for the following.

Srinath and his family members’ eager expectation of Satyajit’s arrival.

Describe the cycle of events in Satyajit's life that brought him back to where he began.

'Failure had a tempo faster than success.'

The author's comment on crime and punishment.

How has the author used the episode of the bank theft to comment on Satyajit's success in his career?

Although the author was not a vindictive man he was very happy to see the twenty-one stone lady

who had impoverished him twenty years ago, and says he had finally had his revenge. What makes him say this?

‘Forgiveness is often better than punishment’. Write two paragraphs – one for and another against this notion.

Make a list of jobs which would give you an opportunity to help the society or serve the country. Also mention the different ways in which they can be beneficial to the people and also the country.

Go to your school/college library and read some other stories by O’Henry like, ‘The Gift of the Magi’, ‘The Last Leaf’ and ‘After Twenty years’. Write the stories in short in your notebook.

Interview the students of your class regarding the career they would like to pursue and the reason for selecting that particular career. Collect the data from your class and analyze the information you have collected.

Surf the net and obtain more information about the conservation work done by Shaaz. Prepare posters to inspire others and display them on your college noticeboard.

Find out the information about the qualification and eligibility required in the profession related to wild life such as:

Forest officer / Ranger

Find out the information about the qualification and eligibility required in the profession related to wild life such as:

Wildlife photographer

Find out the information about the qualification and eligibility required in the profession related to wildlife such as:

Tour Manager

There are certain words that are repeated in the poem. For example, ‘no more’ (Line 7).
Find out other similar expressions.
Explain the effect they have created in the poem.

The use of personal pronoun ‘I’ is evident and prominent in this poem. Give reasons.

Take help from the sources available on the internet and make a list of proverbs and quotations about ‘road’.

Read the poem ‘The Road Not Taken’ by Robert Frost.

A handicraft exhibition is being organized in your college. You are given the task to compere the inaugural function. Write the script for compering.

Go to your college library and collect and read the poems written by Sarojini Naidu.

Find various career opportunities in Small-scale Industries like Handloom, Art and Craft, Block Printing, etc.

Find out information about the Mahavastra of Maharashtra - Paithani.

Compose 4-6 lines on your own on ‘Good deeds’.

Find out different career opportunities in the field of social work.

Collect information of the NGOs working for the underprivileged section of the society.

Write a character sketch of your family member.

Multiple Choice Question:

What made them fall Out?

Multiple Choice Question:

Explain The afternoon turned black.

Multiple Choice Question:

What does the phrase in the extract ‘turned black’ mean here?

Use the phrase in a sentence of your own, after finding out its meaning.

spread across

Do you have a ‘dream’, or something you very much wish to do? Write a paragraph saying what you want or wish to do. Then say (in another paragraph) how you think you can make your dream come true.

Given below are some words that are spelt differently in British and American English. Fill in the blanks accordingly.

British American
1. colour ______
2. ______ labor
3. ______ traveler
4. counsellor ______
5. centre ______
6. ______ theater
7. ______ organize
8. realise ______
9. ______ defense
10. offence ______

The words in the box are all words that describe movement. Use them to fill in the blank in the sentence below.
I saw a cobra ___________ out of a clump of cactus.

The words in the box are all words that describe movement. Use them to fill in the blank in the sentence below.
The snake hissed, his forked tongue ____________ in and out.

Find words in the story, which show things striking violently against each other.
The crow and the myna c_ll____in mid-air.

Look at these sentences.

  • The tree was older than Grandfather.
  • Grandfather was sixty-five years old. How old was the tree? Can you guess?

How old was the tree? Can you guess?

  • The tree was as old as Dehra Dun itself.

Suppose Dehra Dun is 300 years old. How old is the tree?

When two things are the same in some way, we use as … as. Here is another set of examples.

  • Mr Sinha is 160 centimetres tall.
  • Mr Gupta is 180 centimetres tall.
  • Mrs Gupta is 160 centimetres tall.

Mrs Gupta is as tall as Mr Sinha.

Use the words in the box to speak about the people and the things below, using as … as or er than

tall – taller cold – colder hot – hotter
strong – stronger short – shorter  

(Notice that in the word ‘hot’, the letter ‘t’ is doubled when -er is added.)

1. Heights


2. Weight Lifters


3. City Temperatures


4. Lengths


5. City Temperatures


The extract deals with the atmosphere of two homes. Collect the words associated with - Garden.

Narrate in 100 words an incident, that illustrates the way a friend of yours ‘made you feel happy and accepted’, at some point in your life.

Give reasons, for us being reluctant to make friends with some strangers, but being comfortable with some, even after meeting them for the first time.

Complete the web highlighting the feelings/emotions of Tenzing after reaching the summit.

Write down the significance of the following in the context of 'On to the Summit': Red Scarf.

Write down the significance of the following in the context of 'On to the Summit': Kerosene flavoured tea.

Look at the sentences given below. Find out which one is correct. If the sentence is wrong give reasons.

Discuss the following with your partner and complete the following sentence.

Before eating apples brought from the market, I wash and peel them off ____________________.

Discuss the following with your partner and complete the following sentence.

Organic food is grown by using __________________.

Find out from your grandparents or parents the names of vegetables and fruits they had eaten in their childhood and mention how the vegetables and fruits are different from the one's today.

Name of the vegetable or fruit Shape Colour Taste

List the reactions of the agricultural officer to the author’s inquiry about Kasbai rice seeds. One is done for you.

(a) He had not heard of Kasbai.

(b) ___________________________

(c) ___________________________

Go through the text once again and note down Devu Handa’s fond memories of Kasbai in your exercise book. One is done for you.

Devu Handa has fond memories of Kasbai. They are as follows!

(a) It needs ______________ rain.

(b) _________________

(c) _________________

Describe in about 150 words your experience similar to the writer’s when you pursued something and reached your goal.

The writer goes in search of an invaluable indigenous variety of seeds. List three reasons for the importance of keeping records of our indigenous agricultural practices.

Plant the seed of a flower or fruit of your choice in a pot or in your garden. Note its growth every day and maintain a diary recording its progress.

Find out more career opportunities in the field of agriculture, organic farming, sales, storage, distribution, and marketing research.

Educational qualifications Job opportunities Work Profile

Discuss with your partner and choose the correct alternative.

‘Government of the people, by the people and for the people, shall not perish from the earth’. This famous statement is made by - ______________________.

Match the following.

Sr. No A B
1. Constitution a. It is the freedom to go where you want, do what you want, etc.
2. Liberty b. It is the state of being equal, especially in status, rights, or opportunities.
3. Equality c. It is a sense of common brotherhood.
4. Fraternity d. It is an aggregate of fundamental principles or established precedents that constitute the legal basis of a polity, organization, or other types of entity and commonly determine how that entity is to be governed.

Pillars form support for concrete buildings. Metaphorically speaking a strong nation too depends on strong pillars. Discuss with your partner and explain the pillars of a democratic nation. Make a list of obstacles that are a threat to the progress of a nation.

State whether the following statement is true or false. Correct the false statement.

Fraternity means common sense.

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar has cited the quotes by John Stuart Mill and Daniel O’Connel. Go through the lesson and write down 4 to 5 lines for each of them.

Imagine that Revathi’s father is abroad on business and she wishes to convey the news of her prize-winning plants. Draft an email for the above subject. Use an email format.

Discuss with your partner and describe the atmosphere in the woods when Peter Crouch was heading towards Mrs. Adis’s House. It was -

  1. a dark moonless night.
  2. _________________________
  3. _________________________

Imagine your friend/younger brother or sister has committed a grave mistake that has resulted in a great loss to the college property or to your family. He/she seeks your advice to come out of the situation/problem. Write a dialogue between you and your friend/brother/sister who describes the entire situation and seeks help from you. Take the help of the following points.

  • Introduction
  • Confessing the mistake
  • Seeking help
  • Your advice/suggestion
  • Concluding part

Refer to a standard dictionary and find out the meaning of the following word:


Enlist any four facts which made the capturing of Tiger Hill a national challenge.

Different arms and ammunitions are mentioned in the excerpt. Find their names.

What vocation/profession/business would you like to take up in the future? Prepare a fact file for the same using the following points.

  1. Name of the vocation/profession/business__________________
  2. Educational qualifications required____________
  3. Work profile/description____________ 
  4. Opportunities for advancement____________ 
  5. Your personal skills/talents for the choice____________

Frame a pointwise Analysis of the poem ‘The worm’. Use the following points.

  1. Poem and poet:
  2. Theme:
  3. Tone:
  4. Structure and stanzas:
  5. Rhyme and Rhythm:
  6. Language and Imagery:
  7. Figures of Speech:

Would you like to join the Indian Army/Navy/ Air force? If not, suggest other ways in which you could serve your nation.

‘Even small things in nature play a big role. So protect nature!’

Frame some slogans based on the above topic.

Report writing

Study the web diagram and write the characteristics of report writing.

Column A shows your involvement in growing a tree, as well as the stages in the life of a tree. Column B shows the feelings you experience at all stages. Match them appropriately.

  A   B
1. You planted a sapling. a. Gave you a feeling of joy to see the promising future.
2. You watered the plant. b. The new experience brought excitement to you.
3. You saw the shoot for the first time. c. You were happy and satisfied because you experienced what you had often heard, that a small beginning can lead to great achievements.
4. You fenced the plant. d. The colour, symbolizing life, gave you a feeling of hope.
5. The plant gradually saw lush green leaves grow on it. e. You wanted to make a humble beginning.
6. The tree had buds too. f. Your motive was to protect it.
7. Birds made a nest on the tree which was fully grown and laden with flowers. g. You cared for it.

The cherry tree is a narrative poem. Features that make it a narrative poem are given below. Justify them with proper examples.

Incidents are arranged in sequence.

The cherry tree is a narrative poem. Features that make it a narrative poem are given below. Justify them with proper examples.

It is a time-bound poem.

Refer to the library and collect at least five poems of any Nature poet. Write the poems along with their summary.

If you could change the end of the story i.e. after the Swallow refused to fly to Egypt, how would you change it? Summarise your idea in 10 to 12 lines.

Write a summary of the poem using the following points:

  • Title
  • Introductory paragraph (about the poem, type, nature, tone)
  • Main body (central idea, the gist of the poem)
  • Conclusion (opinion, views, appeal)

Compose a poem on a farmer in 4 to 6 lines in continuation of the following.

  1. He sweats ________________
  2. He does not fret ________________
  3. He sows ________________
  4. To the soil he bows ________________

You have just returned after your first experience of the kite - festival in Gujarat / Ahmedabad. You were thrilled with the festivities.

You have a friend who lives abroad. Write a letter to your friend describing how you enjoyed the kite-festival.

Use the following points and write an appreciation of the poem:

  • About the poem, poet, and title
  • Theme
  • Poetic style, language, poetic devices used in the poem
  • Special features
  • Message/values/morals in the poem
  • Your opinion about the poem

Given below is the poem 'Blue Sky' by Mark Hastings. Imagine a poem of a similar kind by replacing the word blue. You can add any colour or object of your choice and write a poem of four lines.

For example, replace 'blue' with

  1. Starry sky above me _______________
  2. Cloudy sky above me _____________

'The Road Not Taken' (Robert Frost), 'O Captain My Captain' (Walt Whitman), etc. are inspirational poems. Search these poems on the internet and write down your opinion about the poems in your notebook.

Find out the words and phrases which describe the following. One is done for you.

sight touching in its majesty

Discuss with your partner and match the following expressions given in column A with their interpretations in column 'B'.

Sr.No. A B
1. While Chief Baron Ear sat to balance the laws. (a) Eyes are refrained from using spectacles.
2. They are made with the straddle as wide as the ridge of the Nose is. (b) The responsibility of giving a verdict rested on the shoulders of the hearing organ.
3. That whenever the Nose put his Spectacles on, by daylight or candlelight Eyes should be shut! (c) Spectacles are meant for none other than the nose.
4. So his lordship decreed with a grave solemn tone, decisive and clear, without one if or but. (d) The judge delivered a firm verdict without any doubt.

Write the appreciation of the poem.

  • About the poem / poet / title
  • Theme
  • Poetic devices, language, style
  • Special features / novelties / focusing elements
  • Values, message
  • Your opinion about the poem.

Write a summary of the poem.

  • Title
  • Introductory paragraph (about the poem, type, nature, tone)
  • Main body (central idea, the gist of the poem)
  • Conclusion (opinion, views, appeal).

Write in short about at least five cities in India that are considered to be the most developed cities.

Your examinations are only two months ahead. Plan your schedule of studies and write in your notebook.

Complete the tabular columns to specify Dos and Don’ts associated with the 'Expansion of Ideas'.

Expansion of Ideas
Dos Don’ts
(i) Begin impressively (i) Do not go off-track
(ii) (ii)
(iii) (iii)
(iv) (iv)

Gather information about the following insects. Draw their images or get pictures. On one sheet each, fix the image/picture and below it write the information. Compile these pages and make a file of ‘Insects - our friends’.
Insects : Bee/Praying mantis/Butterfly Beetle/ Wasp/Dragon-fly

Interview Question.

A brilliant student from your school has won a Mathematics Quiz at the National Level.

Frame questions to interview him/her when the school felicitates him/her.

Follow the steps given below.

  1. Greetings
  2. Introduction of the interviewee and achievements.
  3. 2 or 3 questions about growing years.
  4. 4 to 6 questions about the achievements.
  5. 2 or 3 questions about future plans and prospects.
  6. Expression of thanks and good wishes.


  • Read the first three paragraphs on Page 92. (From......... ‘One morning .............. up to ............ a discussion after hall)
  • Re-read the same noting down only important points.
  • Rewrite the important points in your own simple language, in your notebook.
  • Make certain that your summary is less than half the length of the original passage.

Understand the quotation and expand it in a paragraph format.

‘Pride goes on horseback, but returns on foot’.

Convert the stories into dialogues and read the dialogues aloud in the class.

Write a letter to your friend about the Great Indian Bustard. You may use the following points :

  • Why we need to protect the bird.
  • What you plan to do to help the bird.

Given below are the prerequisites for an interview. Fill up the boxes with suitable actions to be undertaken with reference to the given points.

Consult the thesaurus and note down synonyms for 'ordinary'.

  1. One synonym of the ordinary is banal.
    Eg. He finds English poetry very banal.
  2. Similarly, find the meaning and make use of the words trite, routine, cliched, and regular in your own sentences.

Visit a library. Find a school poem. Recite it to your parents.

Note down ways in which you can make your life less ordinary in terms of nurturing relationships.

A Project: ‘Sources of Light’

List all possible sources of light which enable you to see. Try to list at least 10 to 15. You may add the following to your list: Different kinds of lamps in your house, different sources you see in nature, different sources used by man in the past, etc.

Think of different ways of classifying them, for example, electric and non-electric, day-time sources and night-time sources

What is your favourite source of light? Write its autobiography. (10 - 15 lines)

Place the given areas of questioning from the list in the appropriate columns.

  • future plans
  • inspiration
  • overcoming hurdles/ struggle
  • coach/ mentor/ guide/ teacher
  • message for the youngsters
  • family support
  • alternate career choice
  • first or maiden award/ achievement /success /setbacks
  • a turning point in life/ success formula/technique.
  Section of the interview Aspects to be covered
1. Introduction Welcoming/Greeting, Introduction of the guest/Occasion.
2. Opening questions  
3. Main body  
4. Concluding questions  
5. Summing up Concluding the statement, Expressing gratitude.

You can add your points.

‘Once you begin to learn there is no end to learning’. Write your views on this statement.

Discuss and explain the movie 'The Jungle Book' with the help of the following points.

  • Classic element.
  • Fantasy.
  • Photorealism
  • Blending of emotions

The present review concludes with two words 'Heartwarming and enjoyable'. Write your opinion about 100 to 150 words.

There are ample career opportunities in film making and producing films.

The following professions which require different professional skills, and write them accordingly.

Professions Professional skills
1. Actor-Male or Female Acting, voice modulation, Body language, facial expressions, etc.
2. Director  
3. Producer  
4. Music-director  
5. Script-writer  
6. Lyrist  
7. Cameramen  
8. Cinematographer  
9. Set-designer  
10. Costume-designer  

Write the story of Sage Dadhichi’s sacrifice in your own word.

Write down the consequences of the following occurrences with the help of the play.

Dr. Thomas Stockmann wants an article exposing social evils to be printed in the newspaper.

Watch the advertisements on TV. Choose any one of them for group discussion and analysis. Write your report in the advertisement.

From the passage, find and write any two examples of the following:

Sentences containing

  • ‘must’
  • ‘can’.

Given in a mixed order below are some good human attributes of the family. Pick out from the box and write it against the line that reflects it.

Father taught the boys geometry and how to use triangles to measure big objects.

Choose any novel/book that you enjoyed. Prepare a synopsis of the novel. It should include the major events and the links between them as described in the novel. You may prepare a chapter-wise outline first and then put the outlines together to write a brief synopsis.

Narrate the story of Sushruta in your own words.

Write a few lines about what Mathilde had and what she dreamt about.

Write what you think about the following thoughts and actions of Mathilde :

Mathilde worked very very hard to pay the debt.

Write what you think about the following thoughts and actions of Mathilde :

Mathilde and her husband paid off the debt in ten years.

Form pairs. Discuss how ‘Part II’ of the story could have been different. Write your storyline in the form of bullets showing the main events.

Imagine what must have happened after Mathilde’s friend discovered that the diamonds were real. Do you think she would return the necklace to Mathilde? Would that make Mathilde happy?

Discuss the following and write about the following in your own words in 5-6 lines.

What would you do, if something like this happens to you?

Form groups of 5-8. Prepare short autobiographical speeches for each of these animals (10-15 lines). Use the following points :

  • How the animal lives - It’s the only way he/she can.
  • How he interacts with nature and other animals.
  • How humans interact with that species - whether it is fair, necessary, or desirable, etc.
  • The possible ill effects of the way human beings treat the animals, for the whole living world.
  • The animal getting ready to bid farewell to this world.

Prepare a formal invitation for a function you have arranged at home. It should clearly state the following points:

  • Who is inviting people to the function.
  • What the program is.
  • The date and time.
  • The venue. (The place where
  • A polite request to attend the function. the function will take place.)

Imagine someone has invited your family to a programme and you were the only person at home when the invitation was given orally.

Write a note (4-5 lines) to pass on the message to the other people in your family. Or, Write an imaginary conversation in which you pass on the message to your parents.

Use the details given in the story and your imagination and prepare a timetable for the trip to the moon.

Which is your favourite ‘Nature’ poem from your mother tongue? Write the poem and try to translate it into English. Your translation can be in the form of a poem or a paraphrase.

Form groups of 5-8. Translate the play into your mother tongue (or Hindi) as a group activity. Enact the translation in the classroom.

The same landscape appears different at different times. What message can we draw from this?

Chalk out detailed programmes for the following occasions.

  • The Teacher’s Day programme in your school.
  • An exhibition of science projects arranged in your classroom.
  • A wedding anniversary/birthday celebration for your grandparents that you have arranged with your family

Write your name in Bold Capitals.

  1. Now, within 3 minutes trying to make as many words as you can using the letters in your name. You cannot use the same letter twice in a word unless it is so in your name.
  2. You may use the above idea to devise a game with your friends.

Use the internet, your school library, or other sources for the following activities.

  1. Try to find other nature poems. 
  2. Draw or collect landscapes that can be used as illustrations for this poem.

Write in your own words:-

Which two facts show that the poet is confident of overcoming his irrational feeling?

Write an informal letter from a teenager to his/her parent, expressing a few thoughts from the poem.

(My dear ______/Dearest ______./Hi! ______ Are you surprised to see this letter? I wanted to talk to you about this, but then I thought I will be able to express myself better in a letter. Love,/Yours lovingly/Yours ______).

Study the following format of an informal letter carefully. Using the format,

Write an informal letter to your friend who has gone to another town for a month.

Say ‘WHY’?

The writer found his stay abroad very profitable.

When a family member is very ill for long, the grandmother of the family urges everyone to send for a person who claims he can cure victims of black magic. Compose a dialogue with her, in which her granddaughter politely convinces her that she should not believe in such things.

Have you ever eaten any fruit/ vegetable picking it straight from the tree or field? Write about that experience in 3-5 lines.

Form groups of 3. Read aloud the conversations in the story, each group presenting one piece of conversation.

Form groups of 5. Find at least two fairy tales/folk tales each and share them with other members of your group. Make a collection of 10 different stories in each group.

Is the insect described in the poem a real insect? Think about an imaginary creature. Describe it in your own words. You may draw its picture and label it.

Complete the remaining blocks determining the types of news.

Complete the following and write a paragraph for the given activity.

Write a short essay on your own journey in a boat.

Make a painting or a collage to show the different things described in the poem.

Prepare and present a short speech on the following.

An inspiring incident in the life of a great leader.

Write a short essay on the following.

What I would like to do for my country.

Write an autobiography of a hundred-rupee note. (8-10 lines.)

Find more topics from your Environmental Studies or Mathematics textbooks for drawing tree diagrams. Draw and label the diagrams.

Life on earth began with unicellular I organisms known as protozoa. The following are the stages of evolution of animals. Invertebrates are animals without a backbone, for e.g., a snail. The vertebrates are animals which have a backbone. E.g. Aquatic animals like fish. Animals which: live in water and also on land are called amphibians. E.g. A frog. A few invertebrates are worms and mosquitoes and a few I vertebrates are reptiles.

Your goal, this year, is to successfully pass out from secondary school. So let us be SMART and note down the following.

(a) Specific Area:

(Subjects) and number of units/lessons

  1. English 4 units
  2. ______
  3. ______
  4. ______
  5. ______
  6. ______

(b) Measurable:

Comparison of scores in previous examinations and in recent one.

Test I Test II Semester I
1. Poor Fair Fair

(c) Achievable goal:

(Target scores/performance in SSC Exams.)

  1. Good %
  2. ______
  3. ______
  4. ______
  5. ______
  6. ______

(d) Realisitc approach:

Plan of action that matches with your expertise/resources.
For example:

  1. Make a study time table and follow it regularly.
  2. __________________
  3. __________________
  4. __________________
  5. __________________

(e) Time-bound Action:

Days required for revision

Subject Days for revision
1. English  

Describe in your notebook the challenges you faced while learning to ride a bicycle, swimming, or any skill. Take hints from the web to complete your write-up.

Go through the following steps and discuss in pairs about the facts mentioned in it. Write a paragraph using the points. Give another interesting title.

Living A Better Life
Get rid of one bad habit at a time.
Avoid negative thoughts. Be positive.
Trust yourself. Love what you do.
Try to enrich your mind by becoming a life long learner.
Sharing and Caring makes life enjoyable.
Be humble. Respect and welcome/accept each day with a smile.

Write about a day when you felt very happy. Use the following questions to help you. Think/Recollect a day ____________

Note down the points.

  1. Do you remember the exact day and date?
  2. Was it a special occasion or celebration?
  3. What happened on that day?
  4. How did you react to the things that happened on that day?
  5. How did other people react when they saw you were so happy?
  6. What did you do next ?
  7. What happened in the end?
  8. Describe any other emotions you felt that day

Now, with the help of the guidelines write a short paragraph of at least 100 words about that happy day. Give a suitable title for your narrative/write up.

You happen to meet a successful person who is a disabled. Write an imaginary dialogue between you and him/her. You can take support of the hints provided.

  1.  introduction/welcome/greetings
  2. congratulating/honouring 
  3. cause/reason for the disability
  4. decision/plan/organisation/implementation
  5. idols in life
  6. parents/friends - support if any
  7. success stories/accomplishments
  8. conclusion/final message if any

Write a complete review on any book that you have read recently. Use the following points for your Book Review.

  1. Introduction
  2. Selectivity of contents
  3. Subject/Title Apporpriacy
  4. Sequence of Contents
  5. Language Appropriacy/Type
  6. Good Points/Novelty in the book.
  7. Advantages/Scope of the book. (if any)
  8. Demerits/Shortcomings (if any)
  9. Message/Opinion/Views (Personal)
  10. Conclusion (in short)

Following are the ways to preserve ‘World Heritage Sites.’ Transfer these points into a small paragraph. Suggest a suitable title.

  1. Practical conservation of posterity
  2. Human/animal trespassing
  3. Unmonitored/uncontrolled/unrestricted access
  4. Threat of local administrative negligence

How can you prove this maxim to be incorrect - ‘Too many cooks spoil the broth’. Write a counterview on the given topic. (Clue -Teamwork)

Among your classmates, one is unable to walk properly, the second one can’t hear properly and the third one can’t see this beautiful world. All of them are facing lots of difficulties in life. Compose a dialogue among them, about the problems and difficulties faced by them. You can take the help of the following dialogue to expand your ideas.

Student 1 Do you know, how many problems I have to face when I decide to go anywhere?
Student 2 I can’t hear anything.
Student 3 So, sad! You both can’t walk or hear but my problem is more serious than yours. You know, I can’t see this beautiful world.

(Now continue in your notebook.)

Imagine that you are the Captain of your team. A famous cricketer is going to visit your school. You are assigned the task to conduct an interview of that famous cricketer. Frame a set of 10 questions that you will ask the cricketer. Take help of the points given below.

  1. Early life
  2. Interest in this field
  3. Inspiration
  4. Coaching and guidance
  5. Achievement/Records
  6. Future plans
  7. Advice to youngsters

Read the script from:

Joan (Girl) Good morning, Captain squire (up to)


Polly and Jack have promised to come with me.

Write a summary of that part of the script (in Indirect speech) in 15 to 20 lines.

Here is a dialogue between a father and his daughter. Continue the dialogue with at least five utterances and use all the clues given above.

Father: Hi Mary, it has been a very long time since we went on a trip. Let’s plan one.
Mary: Yes, dad. I am also longing to go. Why don’t we plan one for this weekend?
Father: Sure. Tell me, where shall we go?
Mary: Some place nearby but for at least two days.
Father: Hmm… I think we should go to the reserved forest nearby.
Mary: Yeah. I’ve never been to a forest. I have seen a forest only on the TV and movies. The forest is a good choice!
Father: OK. If we are going to the forest, we must list out what we should carry with us for two days.
Mary: I think we should carry suitable clothes like ________________________
Father: What about the food? Do you have any idea, Mary?
Mary: Yeah. For food, I suggest ________________________
Father ________________________
Mary: ________________________

Prepare attractive advertisements using the hints given below.

Home appliances – Aadi Sale – 20-50% - Special Combo Offers – Muthusamy & Co., Raja Street, Gingee.

Write a report of an event held at your school using Passive voice. Use Simple Past Tense to narrate the event.

Answer the following questions in a paragraph about 80 -100 words

It is said, “The choices made by one, shape one’s destiny”. Ponder on the thought and write a paragraph.

On seeing these pictures, you would have gone down your memory lane. Write a paragraph in about 50 words describing your favourite sport when you were young.

Imagine yourself as the writer. Narrate the story of your visit to your ancestral house.

You are a volunteer in your locality to serve people who are affected by floods. How will you caution them to move to a safer place taking only their bare necessities? Describe.

Taking clues from the lists on the board, complete the following chart.

On the next day, Mr. Scotti was __________ at how the local people responded to his queries.

Select three words that best describe Mr. Scotti.

clever / unlucky / stupid / successful / miserable / happy.

Write a paragraph of 100 – 120 words about your favourite personality.

What is the name of her diary?

Write a four-line poem with rhyming words describing your family.

Write a complaint to the officer of the PWD department to take immediate actions of maintaining cleanliness in the Children’s Park in your locality.

It is very late at night and your father hasn’t returned from the office. ______

Write an article for the following.

You are Jansi/Avinash of Class X studying in GHSS, Chengalpet. You believe that physical activities improve our health and reduce the risk of sickness. It has got immediate and long-term benefits. Write an article in not more than 150- 200 words for your school magazine stressing the importance of physical activities in a student day to day life.

Write about Your Favourite Sports person/Famous personality/Hobby/Recipe by starting your own blog.

Fill in the value trees with the best qualities you like to follow in your life from the given list. Write a few lines about your favourite quality in the box.

Best qualities in life
Affectionate Cooperative Gratitude Loving Responsible
Ambitious Courageous Happiness Loyal Self-confident
Brave Dependability Helpfulness Good manners Self-control
Calm Diligence Honest Patriotic Self-esteem
Caring Enthusiastic Humble Peaceful Sensitive
Cheerful Fairness Imaginative Perseverance Sincerity
Committed Faithfulness Intelligent Polite Successful
Compassionate Flexible Joyful Positive Tolerant
Concerned Forgiveness Kind Rational Truthful
Confident Generosity Leader Resourceful Versatile
Contented Giving Logical Respect Witty
My favourite quality is...

Create a poster for the following.

You are Sita/ Sudhan. Design a poster in not more than 50 words to focus on not wasting water. Be creative.

Write a letter of enquiry for the following.

Write a letter to the head of the BSNL office enquiring regarding the internet broadband scheme launched recently.

Create a pamphlet for the following.

Make a pamphlet on ‘Dengue Awareness’ (Focus on its causes, preventions, symptoms, and precautions).

Create a pamphlet for the following.

Make a pamphlet on the latest gadgets (Mention the variety of models, uses, needs, and availability).

You have prepared some eco-friendly craft materials like paper mache dolls, greeting cards, book marks, festoons, garlands, quilling jewellery etc for an Art Mela to be conducted in your school premises. Describe in a few sentences how you made the craft work. Include the following details in your writing.

  • Name of the craftwork
  • Materials used
  • Nature (handy / eco-friendly / longlasting / affordable price )
  • Use (place / person / time)

Your friend is coming to your city/town to spend a week with you. He/she wants to visit some tourist places and enjoy the special food items of the place. Prepare a two-day itinerary for the visit.

Day Timing Stopover Stopover Mode of Transport
Day 1 Sunday 8.00 am Market Go shopping for  Auto
Day 2 Monday        

Develop the following hints.

Akbar - Birbal - courtiers jealous of Birbal - ask Akbar - test Birbal wiseness - Courtier puts a question - How many crows in Agra - Birbal asks for a week - every day sitting on the terrace - looking at the crows- after a week - courtier asks - Birbal says 156757 crows - asks the courtier to check- Akbar laughs.

Develop the following hints.

A wood cutter - cutting wood - dropped his axe in the pond - started weeping - an angel appeared - asked what the matter was - brought a golden axe - from the pond - wood cutter did not accept - brought a silver axe - not accepted - brought an iron axe - accepted - pleased with the honesty - offered all the axes to him.

“I met you yesterday.” Sam told me that he had met me ______

“I will pay tomorrow.” He said that he would pay ______.

“Heroes are ordinary people who do extraordinary things.” Write an anecdote on the extraordinary deed of Jaiswal K.P. who helped in the recent Kerala Flood. Use the tips given in the box.

An anecdote is a brief, revealing account of an individual person or an incident. Consider these questions to write an anecdote.

  • Who was involved in the story?
  • When did it happen? Is this relevant? 
  • What happened?
  • Where did it happen? How is it relevant?

Collect all the poems. Compile an Anthology of BioPoems of Class VII.

Arrange the jumbled sentences and write a paragraph. Use appropriate conjunctions.

Jane Eyre is an orphan.

She lives with her aunt Mrs. Reed.

Mrs. Reed does not like Jane because Jane is not her daughter.

Jane’s uncle Mr. Reed likes Jane, but he dies.

He makes Mrs. Reed promise to take care of Jane, but instead she sends Jane away.

Jane is ten years old, she is sent to Lowood school.

Jane graduates and stays there to teach.

She leaves for Thornfield, where she is a governess.

She is very happy there.

Read scene I. Discuss with your partner what Mrs Reed might write about Jane in her letter to the owner of a school. Now complete her letter to Mr. Brocklehurst.

What does the poet say about the crocodile? Write in your own words. (in about fifty words)

Look at the picture and write a story.

If you cut down trees

Your children will pay the fees

Arrange the picture in order by writing the numbers 1,2,3 and 4 in the given boxes and write this familiar story in about 100 words.

Make use of the words given below.

thirsty, village, pitcher, disappointment, pebbles, water level

One hot day, a thirsty crow _____________________________________________________________

Work in groups.

  • Discuss how your mother cooks rice in your house.
  • Write down the ingredients you need like rice and water.
  • List the steps in cooking. The words in the recipe above will help you.
  • Each person in the group should tell others how rice is cooked in their house. 
  • Now write down the recipe.

Your mother has written a message for you before going out. Write a message to her after finishing your lunch.

Write about the following in your message.

  • You ate lunch______. 
  • What you liked______ (mention the dish). 
  • You have cleaned the kitchen ______. 
  • You are going out to play. ______(mention when you will be back).

Read the jumbled lines from the poem and rearrange them in correct order.

1. cinnamon, betel leaves
2. and ginger and garlic”
3. Go to Muthu’s
4. My mother would say:
5. and get some
6. “Little boy Raj…
7. And so I go to the shops
8. singing all the way
9. tomatoes and pickles”
10. “Sesame seeds, onions
11. I rattle off a list:
12. what I’d want
13. and when Muthu asks me
14. my mother twists my ear
15. and back home
16. ouch!

The Pooja holidays are about to start. Prasanth and Deepak are friends. Both their families have planned to go on a trip to Munnar. Develop a conversation on how they plan for their trip.


  • How many days for the trip?
  • What mode of transport to use?
  • Which route to take?
  • Which hotel to book for the stay?
  • What are the tourist spots to be visited?
  • What are the things to be packed for the trip?

Pick out the nouns from the poem. Write as many Cinquain poems as you can.

Find example of alliteration and write them in the blank.

in a blaze of heat

with sunny smiles.

Look at the cartoon strips. Create your own humorous story.

Write a sentence or two for each frame of the comic strip in the space given.

Make the children write their own story. The following questions will help them to write. Ask them to gather information from their parents before writing and to give a title.

  1. When were you born?
  2. Where were you born?
  3. What is your father’s name and what is he?
  4. What is your mother’s name and what is she?
  5. What is your birth order?
  6. Do you have any nickname, if yes, reason for that?
  7. An interesting incident that happened in your life.

Imagine a conversation among your friends about the four characters in the play – Tabaqui, Shere Khan, Mother Wolf and Father Wolf. Use the hints to write it.

  • The characters' entry in the play. 
  • Compare and contrast their character traits. 
  • The reaction of the characters on seeing the man cub.

Write the hungry fox story on your own by looking at the pictures and using the clues given under each picture.

Application form annual day participation.

Write some sentences about the picture.

She, is, has, girl, shirt, pants, beautiful, pink, blue, long, hair.

Write some sentences about the picture. 

It, is, has, walks, elephant, legs, tusk, trunk, big, long, slowly, strong.

Write the dialogue and complete the story.

Write a narrative paragraph on Kamarajar, using the given information and add more information on your own.

Fill in the blank with choosing prepositions from the option.

As they flew ______ the tree they were trapped.

Can we try to complete another dialogue now?

Rathi is visiting a shop to buy a pen. Let us try and complete the dialogues between her and the shopkeeper.

Rathi Hi Akka!
Shopkeeper Hi! How can I help?
Rathi I need a______.
Shopkeeper Sure. Which colour?
Rathi Give a______ pen.
Shopkeeper Do you need a ten rupee pen or a five rupee pen?
Rathi Give me the ______rupee pen.
Shopkeeper Do you want anything else?
Rathi ______.
Shopkeeper Thank you. Goodbye.
Rathi ______

The word in the sentence is jumbled. Write them in order.

footprint to someone this belonged.

Narrate an incident when you have experienced happiness, excitement, surprise. You can use the following clues.

With whom...
When did it happen...

Do you want to try to write your own paragraph now?

Write a paragraph on Cow.

  1.  ______
  2. ______
  3. ______
  4. ______
  5. ______

Do you want to try to write your own paragraph now?

Write a paragraph on Palm tree.

  1. ______
  2. ______
  3. ______
  4. ______
  5. ______

Fill up the withdrawal form to withdraw Rs.200 from your Savings Account.

The child got an ______ for winning the race.

I got ______ to see his favourite heroine.

Match the following and write complete sentences in the lines below.

  What was happening? What happened?
i I was writing a letter. the lights went out.
ii Paul was looking out of the window the bell rang.
iii He was looking for his dog. he noticed a lovely butterfly.
iv I was just completing the last answer. he fell off the ladder.
v The man was painting the wall. I met Arun.
vi Amit was doing his homework. my pen ran out.
vii My mother was cooking dinner. ma’am said, “Stop writing.”
  1.  I was writing a letter when ___________
  2. ________________
  3. *When I met Arun, he was looking for his dog.
  4. *_____________
  5.  __________________
  6. _____________________
  7. _____________________

Now complete the following suitably.

_______ a dog ran out onto the road.

Now complete the following suitably.

________ the teacher walked into the room.

Correct the use of the describing word in the following sentence.

The flood became badder as the rain increased.

You woke up one morning and found yourself in the land of dwarfs!

Write a paragraph describing your experiences there and how you got back home finally. You may begin like this.

Everything around me looked different. ______

Who said these words and to whom?

  Who said To whom
“Wake up, dear! Wake up fast!”    
“Ma, who woke me up today?”    
“Why do you sleep at nine every night?”    

Use the option to fill in the blank.

My toys ______broken.

Use the option to fill in the blank.

The market ______ closed.

Punctuate the following passage.

mother father neelam said i have got a fire engine ive got a fire engine whats this whats this called mother somewhat confused by the noise ive got a fire engine mother come and see it.

Rewrite the passage below using capital letters where necessary

one saturday afternoon amarjit and his little sister rani went for a picnic to india gate. there they saw ducks, water and their friend raj

Rewrite the passage below using capital letters where necessary

oh dear said the fir tree I like my old needle-like leaves best for goats don't eat them and no man can steal them

Use the words ‘and’ or ‘but’ and make as many sentences as you can about Rajiv’s family.


Grandpa and Grandma get up early in the morning

Grandpa is walking but Rajiv is jogging.

Alice follows the strange rabbit because she wants to know a number of things. Re-arrange the words to make the questions that Alice has in her mind, and put a question mark (?).

talk rabbit a how can

Write these sentences in the correct order. Also, choose the right word from the box and add it before each sentence. Remember to put a comma after it, for example, Finally...

First, Then, After, that, Finally
  1. It gave him its branches to make a house.
  2. It asked him to sit on the stump.
  3. It gave him its trunk to make a boat.
  4. The tree gave its apples to the boy.

Look at these sentences in the story –

  1. Should we go to the big market? 
  2. Should we go to the small shop? 
  3. Should I buy a thin book?

The coloured words above are describing words. Now fill in more describing words into the passage below –

It was a______ night. A ______ girl sat up in bed listening to her mother tell a ______ story. Her ______ eyes opened wide and she gave a ______ smile. “Now go to sleep, Paro,” her mother closed the book. “______ dreams.”

Now group these activities into indoor and outdoor activities.

Fill in the blank with choosing the preposition from the option.

This tree was the home a flock ______ wild geese.

Do you know that there are seven wonders in the world? Can you tell the name of the one which is in India? Find out and write the names of all the seven wonders and the countries they are located in.

  Wonders of the world Countries
(i) The Taj Mahal  
(ii) The Great Wall of China  

Sit in groups of five. Now, each student will tell a story. Decide which story was the best and declare a or of the group.

Find out stories about other great people’s lives and their childhood and write these in your notebook. Collect at least two such stories and share them with your friends.

You could think of famous

  • scientists
  • religious people
  • freedom fighters
  • brave children
  • astronauts
  • artists

Now complete the following, in the same way, using the words juicy or exciting. The order may vary according to your choice.

apple ______

orange ______

sugarcane ______

rock climbing ______

skiing ______

river rafting ______

The children finished their work______ [quick]

What was the daily routine of the grandmother at home?

The grandmother played a vital role in the author’s formative years. Give your own example of how elders have a positive influence on the younger generation. Include examples from the story also.

As young Khushwant Singh, write a letter to your parents describing your daily routine expressing your thoughts and feelings about staying in the village.

Animals are capable of empathy. Substantiate this statement with examples from the story as well as your own experiences.

Given a chance, any adult would wish to become a child again for many reasons. Fill the boxes with some of what you imagine could be the reasons.

e.g. I need not worry about project deadlines.      
I can wear my pajamas the whole day.      
I can sleep as long as I like.      

Find out when the International Day of Friendship is celebrated.

When and how did Bob realise that the tall man was not his friend?

What does each of the following mean in the story? Choose the right option.

a guardian of peace:

‘Tell me who your friends are and I shall tell you who you are’. How will you explain this statement in the light of Jimmy’s and Bob’s friendship?

Why was Mary Kom named the ‘Queen of Boxing’ and ‘Magnificent Mary'?

Why was Mary Kom named the ‘Queen of Boxing’ and ‘Magnificent Mary'?

Debate is an essential skill and your classroom is the best place to practice this skill. Your teacher will now divide the class into two groups and organize a debate on the topic “Fast food tastes better than nutritious food.” The following points may help you to participate and speak in a debate. One group will speak FOR the motion and the other group will speak AGAINST the motion. Now prepare a speech for the debate.

Rearrange the sentences given below and write a summary of the story in a paragraph. Begin with:

Philip Sletherby was travelling by train to Brill Manor.

  1. The young man introduced himself as Bertie, the son of Saltpen Jago.
  2. Bertie needed three pounds desperately and asked Sletherby to lend it to him.
  3. All the time Sletherby was gazing at the door panel of the car, on which were the two crests – a demi-lion and a greyhound courant.
  4. He was received by Claude People. K.C., who had kept on talking about various things.
  5. Bertie had left his purse behind, after sealing an envelope with the crest on the purse.
  6. Bertie stated that it was the Jago crest. He further added that his mother’s hair was dark brown similar to his.
  7. While describing the appearance of Honario Saltpen-Jago, K.C. referred to her altered hairstyle.
  8. Sletherby realized that Bertie had not lied to him, but that he had mistaken him for fraud.
  9. He explained that the Saltpen crest was that of a demi-lion.
  10. Sletherby sat dumbstruck on learning that Mrs. Honario Saltpen Jago had changed her dark brown hair to a blonde, just five weeks ago.
  11. Sletherby pointed out to him that his mother’s letter had a greyhound courant crest.
  12. His companion in the train was a young man who was searching for something frantically
  13. Suspecting foul play, Sletherby did not give him any money, as he knew Mrs. Saltpen-Jago was a blonde.

Describe the youth’s strange behaviour when he was in the train.

Are children afraid of visiting the dentist? Give reasons.

Write conversation on the following situation.

Between you and a bookseller on buying books

Why are photographs taken?

e.g. to freeze our favourite moments  

Bring out the significance of what Leacock was reading at the photographers.

Why did Leacock visit the studio on Saturday?

He left the studio saying ______.

Suggest some ways by which we can maintain a calm temperament under all circumstances.

Bring out the substance of Basil's letter to Miss Meadows.

Briefly explain the cause of Miss Meadows' joy at the end.

Fill in the following forms with imaginary details.

Expand EMI - 

What would make Jack the owner instead of being the tenant?

What advice did Aunt Jane offer the couple?

Write an application for the post of Personal Secretary to the Managing Director of a company. Include the following details: Educational qualification, experience, various other qualifications required for the post.

The Government of Tamil Nadu has imposed a ban on the use of plastic. Effective implementation of this ban depends on public awareness and individual responsibility.

Write an article of 150 words for your school magazine to create an awareness of the dangers posed by indiscriminate use of plastic. Expand the ideas given below as notes.


a. Introduction

(i) Plastic – synthetic material – doesn’t decompose in soil

(ii) Inevitable role of plastic – man’s day-to-day life

b. Human Health Hazard

(i) Leeching of plastic into food – micro plastic entering food chain

(ii) Human body’s inability to deal with this unnatural substance

(iii) Reaction of microplastic in human body and ill effects

c. Adverse Effects on Plants and Animals

(i) Plastic particles choking waterways – affect aquatic animals

(ii) Ingestion by aquatic and terrestrial animals–blocking of intestines and respiratory passages

d. Environmental Degradation

(i) Manufacturing process and burning of plastics–pollute atmosphere

(ii) Plastic–non-biodegradable – interferes with soil microorganisms – affects soil fertility

e. Conclusion

(i) Suggestions for restricted use – alternatives for one-time use of plastics

(ii) Segregation of plastic waste – for recycling

Write an essay of about 200 word 

The profession you would like to choose

Write an essay of about 200 word 

A memorable journey

How does nature communicate with the poet?

The poet immortalizes the tree. Elucidate.

Summarizing is to briefly sum up the various points from the notes made from the below passage.

The Sherpas were nomadic people who first migrated from Tibet approximately 600 years ago, through the Nangpa La pass and settled in the Solukhumbu District, Nepal. These nomadic people then gradually moved westward along salt trade routes. During 14th century, Sherpa ancestors migrated from Kham. The group of people from the Kham region, east of Tibet, was called “Shyar Khamba”. The inhabitants of Shyar Khamba, were called Sherpa. Sherpa migrants travelled through Ü and Tsang, before crossing the Himalayas. According to Sherpa oral history, four groups migrated out of Solukhumbu at different times, giving rise to the four fundamental Sherpa clans: Minyagpa, Thimmi, Sertawa and Chawa. These four groups have since split into the more than 20 different clans that exist today.

Sherpas had little contact with the world beyond the mountains and they spoke their own language. AngDawa, a 76-year-old former mountaineer recalled “My first expedition was to Makalu [the world’s fifth highest mountain] with Sir Edmund Hillary’’. We were not allowed to go to the top. We wore leather boots that got really heavy when wet, and we only got a little salary, but we danced the Sherpa dance, and we were able to buy firewood and make campfires, and we spent a lot of the time dancing and singing and drinking. Today Sherpas get good pay and good equipment, but they don’t have good entertainment. My one regret is that I never got to the top of Everest. I got to the South Summit, but I never got a chance to go for the top.

The transformation began when the Sherpa Tenzing Norgay and the New Zealander Edmund Hillary scaled Everest in 1953. Edmund Hillary took efforts to build schools and health clinics to raise the living standards of the Sherpas. Thus life in Khumbu improved due to the efforts taken by Edmund Hillary and hence he was known as ‘Sherpa King’.

Sherpas working on the Everest generally tend to perish one by one, casualties of crevasse falls, avalanches, and altitude sickness. Some have simply disappeared on the mountain, never to be seen again. Apart from the bad seasons in 1922, 1970 and 2014 they do not die en masse. Sherpas carry the heaviest loads and pay the highest prices on the world’s tallest mountain. In some ways, Sherpas have benefited from the commercialization of the Everest more than any group, earning income from thousands of climbers and trekkers drawn to the mountain. While interest in climbing Everest grew gradually over the decades after the first ascent, it wasn’t until the 1990s that the economic motives of commercial guiding on Everest began. This leads to eclipse the amateur impetus of traditional mountaineering. Climbers looked after each other for the love of adventure and “the brotherhood of the rope” now are tending to mountain businesses. Sherpas have taken up jobs as guides to look after clients for a salary. Commercial guiding agencies promised any reasonably fit person a shot at Everest.

Look at the pictures given below, and write slogans to advertise the products. Suggest your own brand name for each of the products.

Write slogan to create awareness of the following topic using the tips given above.

  1. Junk food
  2. Labour Day
  3. Save Water
  4. Yoga
  5. Blood Donation

Write a paragraph of about 150 word, on the following topic.

The teacher I like the most

Write a paragraph of about 150 word, on the following topic.

The value of discipline

Write a paragraph of about 150 word, on the following topic.

Need for Moral Education in schools

Write a paragraph of about 150 word, on the following topic.

The importance of Good Health

Write a paragraph of about 150 word, on the following topic.

The importance of Reading

Observe the following picture and write a paragraph in about 150 word about each one of them.

Observe the following picture and write a paragraph in about 150 word about each one of them.

Why did William and the other children bully Margot?

What does the title of the story convey?

What is the conflict between Margot and the other children in the story, “All Summer in a day”?

Attempt a description of the following process, in about 100 word each, either using the imperative or the passive.

Preparing your favourite dish

Attempt a description of the following process, in about 100 word each, either using the imperative or the passive.

Organising a birthday party in your house

Attempt a description of the following process, in about 100 word each, either using the imperative or the passive.

Obtaining a demand draft from a bank

Answer the following question as briefly as possible and with close reference to the relevant text.

How does Prospero prove, “the rarer action is in/virtue than in vengeance” in the final act of The Tempest?

Answer the following question as briefly as possible and with close reference to the relevant text.

“Then paint the cut with iodine.” With reference to this line, what is your understanding of Klausner? Do you sympathise with him? Give your reasons.

Answer the following question as briefly as possible and with close reference to the relevant text.

Referring closely to the short story, The Singing Lesson relate what Basil wrote in his letter to Miss Meadows. What do you conclude about Basil from the tone and wording of the letter?

Write a composition in approximately 350 – 400 words on the following subject:

(You are reminded that you will be rewarded for orderly and coherent presentation of material, use of appropriate style and general accuracy of spelling, punctuation, and grammar.)

Online education during the pandemic has been a blessing in disguise.
Give your views on the above statement.

Write a composition in approximately 350 – 400 words on the following subject:

(You are reminded that you will be rewarded for orderly and coherent presentation of material, use of appropriate style and general accuracy of spelling, punctuation, and grammar.)

Write an original short story entitled: ‘The Missed Call’.

Write a composition (300 - 350 words) on the following:

Imagine a situation where a child runs away from home but later returns. Why did he or she run away? What made him/her come back? Write an original short story entitled: 'Finding My Way Home'.

Parents can never be friends with their children. Express your views either for or against this statement.

Write a composition (300 - 350 words) on the following:

Describe an area in your city or hometown which is famous for its street food. Give details of the familiar sights and sounds you would experience on this street.

Write a composition (300 - 350 words) on the following:

It is very important for young people to spend time quietly or alone for a short while every day. If you were given an hour to spend on your own, how will you spend it? What will you learn from the process?

Write a composition (300 - 350 words) on the following:

Study the picture given below. Write a short story or description or an account of what the picture suggests to you. Your composition may be about the subject of the picture or you may take suggestions from it.

You have been given a small sum of money to buy a gift with for a friend. What gift would you choose (specify) and why would you choose this? Write a letter to your friend telling him/her about the gift and how it will benefit him/her.

You have planned to organize a health camp at school. Write a letter to the Manager of a supermarket requesting sponsorship for the event. Name the event and explain how it will benefit both the community as well as the supermarket.

Write an e-mail to the General Manager of a local hospital requesting him/her to send a senior doctor to talk to the participants at the event about the quality of mask which would give them the best protection.

Write the contraction for the following phrase.

do not - ______

Write the contraction for the following phrase.

are not - ______.

Read the given sentence and underline the no word.

Was Gopal nowhere around?

Read the given sentence and underline the no word.

I have no coat.

Complete the dialogue:

Manas: How much is the SSC exam fee?
Clerk: __________________
Manas: When is the last date to submit the exam form?
Clerk: __________________

On returning home, Tishani Doshi writes her thoughts reflecting on how her decision to enrol for the Students on Ice programme has been the single most important decision of her life that has completely transformed her.

Imagine yourself to be Tishani and express these thoughts.

You may begin like this:

I can’t thank my stars enough for having cashed in on the opportunity of........

The given bar graph shows the preferences of children in a school in playing different games over the span of six years. Write an analytical paragraph about the given information in about 109 words:

“What man calls civilization always results in deserts. Man is never on the square he uses up the fat and greenery of the earth. Each generation wastes a little more of the future with greed and lust for riches”- Don Marquis

With our modern awareness of ecology are we likely to make sufficient progress in conservation, or are we still in danger of damaging the earth beyond repair? Write a discursive essay discussing the issue being raised.

"That which we obtain too easily, we esteem too lightly. It is dearness only which gives everything its value."- Thomas Paine

Do we value only what we struggle for? Plan your response, and then write an essay to explain your views on this issue. Be sure to support your position with specific points and examples. (You may use examples from your reading, observations, and inputs from subjects such as History, Science and literature)

Certainly anyone who insists on condemning all lies should think about what would happen if we could reliably tell when our family, friends, colleagues, and government leaders were deceiving us. It is tempting to think that the world would become a better place without the deceptions that seem to interfere with our attempts are genuine communication. On the other hand, perhaps there is such a thing as too much honesty. - Adapted from Allison Kornet, "The Truth About Lying"

Would the world be a better place if everyone always told the complete truth? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, studies, experience, or observations.

It is widely believed that people do their best work when they are promised rewards for their achievements. Our schools and workplaces operate on the assumption that good work occurs when people are competing for grades, money, or recognition from others. In truth, the prospect of rewards provided by others can inhibit and limit people’s drive and creativity. People do their best work when motivated from within by their enjoyment of a particular challenge and their satisfaction in doing something well.

What do you think motivates people to do their best? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, studies, experience, or observation.

Write a dialogue between a student and teacher on 'Importance of Yoga'.

Write letter to your father asking permission to go on a educational tour.

Write letter to your father asking permission to go on a educational tour.

Write a dialogue between a student and teacher on 'Importance of Yoga'.

Imagine someone has invited your family to a program and you were the only person at home when the invitation was given orally. Write a note (4-5 lines) to pass on the message to the other people in your family. Or, Write an imaginary conversation in which you pass on the message to your parents.

Using the given informal letter as a model, write a letter on any one of the topics given below.

Write a letter to your father asking permission to go on a educational tour.

Which one of the following is correctly matched?

Group Discussion:

You along with your friends Sujit, Rohit and Kishore discussing their likes and dislikes. But all are fascinated with the reading habit. Write a short group discussion in the form of dialogue telling the importance of reading for enhancing knowledge.

Write a dialogue between a student and teacher on 'Importance of Yoga'.

Using the given informal letter as a model, write a letter about the topic given below.

Write a letter to your father asking permission to go on an educational tour.

Imagine someone has invited your family to a programme and you were the only person at home when the invitation was given orally.

Write a note (4-5 lines) to pass on the message to the other people in your family. Or, Write an imaginary conversation in which you pass on the message to your parents.

Write a dialogue between a student and teacher on 'Importance of Yoga'.

Using the given informal letter as a model, write a letter on any one of the topics given below.

Write letter to your father asking permission to go on a educational tour.

A college degree is needed to succeed in life. Argue for or against this statement.

As a member of the Student Council of your school, you wish to set up a Food Club to promote healthy eating habits among students. Write a proposal in not more than 150 words, outlining the steps that you will take to make this club a success.

Complete the following sentence by providing a reason:
In the poem, Dover Beach, the poet wants his beloved to be "true" to him because ______.

With close reference to Act V, describe how Prospero has used the spirits of "hills, brooks, groves" to give shape to his magical acts. What does he finally decide to do with his magical powers?

Magic is used to manipulate, intimidate and amaze the various characters in the play. Give your views on this statement by referring to any two examples from the Acts studied.

Referring closely to the short story, The Singing Lesson, show how the Headmistress’ summons to Miss Meadows eventually brings the latter out from cold despair to a realm of hope, love and joy.

Do you think that friendship is not a matter of age but of emotional connect? Give your views with close reference to V.S. Naipaul's short story B. Wordsworth.

Referring closely to the poem, Dover Beach, show how the poet correlates the gradual receding of the "Sea of Faith" with the gradual loss of human faith in religion.

How does the poem, Crossing the Bar, portray the poet's deep affirmation and faith in God?

Do you have a role model? What qualities do you appreciate in your role model?

Write a paragraph on ‘Online Shopping’ using the points in the below table.

Advantages Disadvantages
1. Time-saving 1. Delay in delivery
2. Variety of products 2. Products are not always genuine.
3. Easy to Pay 3. Prone to scams
4. Easy to order 4. At times, it is challenging to return.
5. Good discounts 5. Cannot see or touch the product before purchase.

Translate the following sentence into your mother tongue.

The second question to ask is - is it pleasant?

Translate the following sentence into your mother tongue.

The third question according to Socrates is - is it useful?

Find some examples of antithesis from your mother tongue and translate them into English.

Think before you use! Name some ‘ready to eat’ and ‘ready to cook’ food items available in the market. Discuss the following in groups.

  1. Discuss whether it is necessary to use such items and why they are sold.
  2. Discuss the possible adverse effects of such food items.

Work in groups and prepare an attractive wrapper or packet for any product of your choice. Prepare an advertisement for your product.

Write in a few lines, about an experience of your own where you scored in your exams much more than you hoped for. What did that experience teach you?

What might success mean to the following people? Think about it and write.

A parent

In your opinion what things will help to make the world a better place? Discuss with your friends and write down at least three of the things.

Think of different types of people who have to face great difficulties. Write what you can do to help at least one of them.

Prepare an attractive tourist leaflet for your native place, in English as well as in your mother tongue.

Suppose a foreigner comes to visit your place and you have to accompany him for sightseeing. Prepare a dialogue between you and the foreigner.

Using the internet, find the following information about a place you wish to visit using the following points.

  • Distance from your place
  • Available modes of transport
  • Accommodation facilities
  • Historical facts
  • Climate
  • Famous sites

Write points and counter points on the following topic:

You should study all subjects in your mother tongue

Discuss the challenges that people have to face due to disabilities.

Gather more information about the following:

  1. Different types of impairment that limit a person’s activity or make it difficult for him/her to mix with others in society.
  2. How modern technology can be used to overcome these problems.

Imagine someone has invited your family to a programme and you were the only person at home when the invitation was given orally.

Write a note (4-5 lines) to pass on the message to the other people in your family. Or, Write an imaginary conversation in which you pass on the message to your parents.

Can you think of any events in your own or someone else’s life to support the quote-

‘If you tell the truth, you don’t have to remember anything.’

What is likely to happen if you don’t tell the truth?’

Write a letter to your father asking permission to go on an educational tour.

Use the following charts to prepare meaningful dialogues.

Use your ideas to fill in the blanks.

Imagine someone has invited your family to a program, and you were the only person at home when the invitation was given orally.
Write a note (4–5 lines) to pass on the message to the other people in your family. Or, write an imaginary conversation in which you pass on the message to your parents.

Complete the dialogue.

Anil: Which is your favourite book?
Sunil: ______________________
Anil: What type of book is it?
Sunil: _____________________

Using the given informal letter as a model, write a letter about the topic given below.

Write a letter to your father asking permission to go on an educational tour.

Send a formal letter of invitation · in 50 words to Dr. Mehra, noted novelist and educationist, to speak on, The Importance of Books'. You are Lena/Sanjay, Secretary Literary Club, S. S. Public School. Meritionday, date, time and venue.

Informal Letter -

Write a letter to your friend describing the details of the vacation.


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