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Reducing Stress Lessens a Person’S Sensitivity to Pain. this is the Conclusion Reached by Researchers Who Played Extended Audiotape? - Logical Reasoning

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MCQ

Reducing stress lessens a person’s sensitivity to pain. This is the conclusion reached by researchers who played extended audiotape? to patients before they underwent surgery and afterward while they were recovering. One tape consisted of conversation; the other consisted of music. Those who listened only to the latter tape required less anesthesia during surgery and fewer painkillers after-ward than those who listened only to the former tape. Which one of the following is an assumption on which the researchers’ reasoning depends?

Options

  • All of the patients in the study listened to the same tape before surgery as they listened to after surgery.

  • Anticipating surgery is no less stressful than recovering from surgery.

  • Listening to music reduces stress.

  • The psychological effects of music are not changed by anaesthesia or painkillers.

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Solution

Listening to music reduces stress.

Explanation:

The argument is that those who listened to music instead of conversation required fewer painkillers and thus it can be concluded that reducing stress lessens the pain sensitivity. So, 'Listening to music reduces stress' is correct.

Concept: Critical Reasoning (Entrance Exam)
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