(A) Read the following extract and answer the questions given below :
Oil is one of the world's major sources of energy. We depend on it as fuel for heating, transport and generation of power.
For centuries, animal and vegetable oils have been used for cooking and as a source of artificial light. But it is mineral oil which meets most of the world's needs today.
Crude mineral oil comes out of the earth as a thick brown
or black liquid with a strong smell. It is a complex mixture of many different substances, each with its own individual qualities. Most of them are combinations of hydrogen and carbon in varying proportions. Such hydro-carbons are also found in other forms such as bitumen, asphalt and natural gas. Mineral oil originates from the carcasses of tiny animals and from plants that live in the sea. Over millions of years these dead creatures form large deposits under the sea bed and ocean currents cover them with a blanket of sand and silt. As this material hardens, it becomes sedimentary rock and effectively shuts out the oxygen so preventing the complete decomposition of the marine deposits underneath. The layers of sedimentary rock become thicker and heavier. Their pressure produces heat, which transforms the tiny carcasses into crude oil in a process that is still going on today .
The earth's crust is split into a few hu·ge continental plates which move continuously rather like rafts on a sluggish tide.
Geologists call this rnoven1ent as 'continental drift'.
(1) What does the extract ·tell us about? (1)
(2) In which form does crude mineral oil come out of the earthand from what does it originate? (2)
(3) How is 'continental drift' formed? (2)
(4) According to you, how can we stop the excess use of energy? (2)
(5) Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed :
(i) Oil is one of the world's major sources of energy.
(Rewrite it as a negative sentence without changing its meaning.) (1)
(ii) As this material hardens, it becomes sedimentary rock.
(Make it.a compound sentence.) (1)
(iii) Geologists call this movement as 'con·tinental drift' .
(Frame a 'Wh-question' to get the underlined part as an answer.) (1)
(6) Give the antonyms fr.om the extract for :
(B) Write·a brief summary of the above extract with the help of the points given below and suggest a suitable title.
Oil as a source of energy - our dependence - types of oil -mineral oil origin of crude oil formation of crude oil -farming of sedimentary rocks - continental drift
(1) Ans: The extract tell us about the different types of Oils, its uses and the process of Oil formation.
(i) Ans: No other source of energy is as major as oil.
(i) Ans: Mineral