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Read the Passage Given Below : Kausani is Situated at a Height of 6,075 Feet in the Central Himalayas. - English - Language and Literature

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Answer in Brief

Read the passage given below :

Kausani is situated at a height of 6,075 feet in the Central Himalayas. It is an unusally attractive little town. It covers just about 5.2 sq. kms. It lies to the north of Almora in Uttarakhand's picturesque kumaon region.

Kausani provides the 300-km wide breathtaking view of the Himalayas. It is the most striking aspect of the place. Snow-capped peaks are spread in a stately row. They stare at you in silvery white majesty. The most famous peak on view is Nanda Devi, the second highest mountain in India. It is situated at a height of 25.645 feet and 36 miles away as the crow files. The other famous peaks on view are choukhamba (23,420 feet) and Trishul (23,360 feet). Then there are also Nilkanth, Nandaghunti, Nandaghat and Nandakot. On a clear day, the blue of the sky makes a splendid background to these peaks. At sunrise and at sunset, when the colour changes to a golden orange, the scene gets etched in your memory.

When Gandhiji visited this place in 1929, its scenic beauty held him spellbound. He named it the 'Switzerland of Indian'. He prolonged his two-day stay to fourteen days, making time to write a book, 'Anashakti Yoga'. The place where he was staying was originally a guest-house of the tea estate. It was renamed 'Anashakti Ashram' after the book.

Kausani is the birthplace of Sumitranandan Pant, India's poet laureate. Its natural surroundings inspired many of his poems. Its tea gardens mingle with dense pine forests and fruit orchards. The area is also host to many fairs and religious caremonies. If Uttaranchal is the abode of gods, Kausani is God's own backyard. There is no traffic, no one is in a hurry. If serenity could be put on a canvas, the picture would resemble Kausani.

On the basis of your reading of the above passage, answer the following questions :

(a) Where is Kausani situated ?

(b) What is the most striking aspect of Kausani ?

(c) Which is the most famous peak on view from Kausani ?

(d) How did Kausani influence Sumitranandan Pant ?

(e) When does the view of peaks become so memorable ?

(f)  How can we say that Gandhiji was greatly charmed by the natural beauty of Kausani ?

(g) What makes Kausani a calm and quiet place ?

(h) Why, do you think, is Kausani known as 'God' s own backyard' ?

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Solution

(a) Kausani is located at a height of 6.075 feet in the central Himalayas. It lies to the north of Almora in Uttarakhand's picturesque Kumaon region.

(b) The most striking aspect of Kausani is that it provides the 300 km wide breathtaking view of Himalayas.

(c) Nanda Devi is the most famous peak on view from Kausani.

(d) The natural surrounding of Kausani inspired many of Sumitranandan Pant's poems.

(e) The view of peaks becomes memorable when the blue sky makes a splendid background and at the time of sunrise and sunset the colour changes to a golden orange.

(f) When Gandhiji visited Kausani in 1929, its scenic beauty held him spellbound. He named it the 'Switzerland of India'. He prolonged his stay to write a book, 'Anashakti Yoga'. The place was later renamed 'Anashakti Yoga'. This shows that Gandhiji was greatly charmed by the natural beauty of Kausani.

(g) The place is calm and quiet because there is no traffic and no one is in a hurry.

(h) The peaceful ambience, the natural beauty, and the calmness makes Kausani feel like 'God's own backyard'.

Concept: Reading Skill (Textual)
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