Maharashtra State BoardHSC Commerce 11th
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Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below : Rural development is one of the thrust areas of administration - Economics

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Answer in Brief

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below :

Rural development is one of the thrust areas of administration. As Mahatma Gandhi rightly said, “India lives in villages and the development of the nation cannot be achieved without the development of the villages”. The need of the hour is the convergence of all development interventions, at the grassroots level which can be possible through effective governance at the village level. The movement towards the decentralization of the National and State governments through the Panchayati Raj system needs to be strengthened through lessons learned from the successful stories of ‘Model villages’ around India. Though India is progressing in the right direction in reducing education inequalities and increasing literacy levels, there is still a lot that needs to be done. An understanding of social issues is important for effective planning and policy development. Self-governance ensures that Indian citizens, even the previously marginalized, can participate in decision-making.

1) Explain in short Mahatma Gandhi’s views on rural development.

2) Highlight the role of the government in achieving rural development.

3) What measures have been suggested to achieve rural development?

4) Express your idea of a ‘Model Village’.

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Solution

(1) According to Mahatma Gandhi, India lives in villages. He is of the opinion that rural development Is extremely essential as the development of a nation cannot be achieved Without rural development.
(2) To achieve rural development, the government must follow a policy of decentralization of power and the Panchayati Raj system needs to be strengthened.
(3) Decentralization of National and State Governments through the Panchayati Raj, strengthening self-governance are the measures that have been suggested to achieve rural development.
(4) According to me, a ‘Model Village’ is a village where all people are well educated, all are employed, all are living a quality life.
Concept: Rural Development in India
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APPEARS IN

Balbharati Economics 11th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 5 Rural Development in India
Exercise Q.5 | Q 1 | Page 35
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