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Read the Following Passage Carefully. 1. Few Guessed that this Quiet, Parentless Girl Growing up in New York City Would One Day Become the First Lady of the United States. - English - Language and Literature

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Answer in Brief

Read the following passage carefully.
1. Few guessed that this quiet, parentless girl growing up in New York City would one day become the First Lady of the United States. Even fewer thought she would become an author and lecturer and a woman much admired and loved by people throughout the world.

2. Born Anna Eleanor Roosevelt in 1884 to wealthy, but troubled parents who both died while she was young, Roosevelt was cared for by her grandmother and sent to school in England. In 1905, she married her distant cousin, Franklin Delano Roosevelt. She and her husband had six children. Although they were wealthy, her life was not easy and she suffered several personal tragedies. Her second son died when he was a baby. In 1921, her strong athletic husband was stricken with polio, which left him physically disabled for life.

3. Eleanor Roosevelt was a remarkable woman who had great intelligence and tremendous strength of character. She never let things get her down. She nursed her husband back to good health and encouraged him to remain in politics. She then helped him to become Governor of New York, and in 1933, President of the United States.

4. While her husband was President, she took a great interest in all the affairs of the country. She became her husband's legs and eyes; she visited prisons and hospitals; she went down into mines, up scaffoldings, and into factories. Roosevelt was tireless and daring. During the depression, she travelled all over the country bringing goodwill, reassurance, and help to people without food and jobs. During World War II she visited American soldiers in camps all over the world. The United States had never known a First Lady like her.

5. Roosevelt also kept in touch with the American people through a daily newspaper column called 'My Day'. She broadcast on the radio and delivered lectures, all first for a First Lady.

1.1 On the basis of your understanding of the above passage answer the following questions: (any eight)

(a) How was Eleanor Roosevelt's personality in contrast to what she became?
(b) Apart from being the First Lady what else did she have to her credit?
(c) What challenges did she face in her personal life but remained unfazed?
(d) Eleanor was a strong woman who helped her husband become the President of America. How?
(e) What does the statement: 'she became her husband's legs and eyes' mean?
(f) What was her special contribution during the depression?
(g) How did she motivate soldiers during World War II?
(h) What did she do for the first time for a First Lady?
(i) What side of her personality is reflected in this passage?

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Solution

1.1

(a) Eleanor Roosevelt was a quiet and parentless girl who grew up to be The First Lady of the United States, an author, and lecturer who was much admired and loved by people throughout the world.

(b) Apart from being The First Lady of the United States, she was also an author and lecturer who was much admired and loved by people throughout the world.

(c) She was born to wealthy but troubled parents who both died while she was young. Her second son died when he was a baby and her athletic husband was stricken with polio, which left him physically disabled for life. However, despite all this, she remained unfazed.

(d) Eleanor nursed her husband back to good health and encouraged him to remain in politics. She then helped him to become Governor of New York, and in 1933, President of the United States.

(e) ‘She became her husband’s eyes and legs’ means that she visited the prisons and hospitals, went down into mines, up scaffoldings and into factories on behalf of her husband and saw everything herself.

(f) During the depression, she traveled all over the country bringing goodwill, reassurance, and help to people without food and jobs.

(g) During World War II she visited American soldiers in camps all over the world to motivate them.

(h) She kept in touch with American people through a daily newspaper column called ‘My Day’. She broadcast on the radio and delivered lectures, all first for a First Lady.

(i) This passage tells us that she was a strong-headed and benevolent woman.

Concept: Reading Skill (Textual)
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