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Read the given passage carefully and answer the following questions: Non-alignment as a strategy evolved in the Cold War context.... with the disintegration of USSR and the end of Cold War in 1991, non-alignment, both, as an international movement and as the core of India's foreign policy, lost some of its earlier relevance and effectiveness. - Political Science

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Read the given passage carefully and answer the following questions:

Non-alignment as a strategy evolved in the Cold War context.... with the disintegration of USSR and the end of Cold War in 1991, non-alignment, both, as an international movement and as the core of India's foreign policy, lost some of its earlier relevance and effectiveness.

  1. Why did India adopt non-alignment?
  2. Explain any two reasons for the loss of its relevance by the Nan Aligned Movement
  3. How far do you agree that the Non-Aligned Movement has become an international movement?
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Solution

  1. The world economic order in which India found itself was based on gross inequalities and exploitation and the requirements of their development made fundamental changes in the world economic order a necessity. It was in these conditions that NAM emerged and shaped itself.
  2. Two reasons for the loss of its relevance are because of it being an international movement and being the core of India’s foreign policy.
  3. NAM has become an international movement because it is based on a resolve to democratise the international system. It provides an alternative world to redress the existing inequalities in various countries, especially the newly independent countries.
Concept: Challenges to Bipolarity
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