Advertisement Remove all ads

Read the Following Extract and Answer the Questions Given Below: - English

Sum

(A) Read the following extract and answer the questions given below:
   Chronic floods during the monsoon, on average, affect more than 30 million Indians annually Ironically, 60% of India's farmland, 66% of its livestock and its entire forest area depend on rains for survival.
   According to a recently released Central Water Commission (CWC) report, on an average, 7·21 million hectares (roughly 72,000 sq. km.) go under floodwater. This water typically ravages 3·78 million hectares of agricultural land, damaging crops worth Rs. 1, 118 crores annually.
   Heavy rains and floods account for nearly 1,700 lives lost annually. Apart from this, I ·25 lakh houses are annually damaged by torrential rains that also wipe out nearly 96,000 livestock.
   Floods are the most recurrent natural calamity, hitting India almost every year. According to the CWC's report on financial aspects of flood control, anti-sea erosion and drainage projects, it is not possible to provide absolute protection instantly to all flood-prone areas. It says that such an attempt will neither be practical nor economically viable.
   The CWC's analysis of floods in India from 1953 to 2011 shows a marginal decline in flood-affected areas over the years, the data shows 1977 1978 and 1979 were the worst-hit. The 1977 floods killed over 11,000 people, six-time the average for the 59 years, between 1953 and 2011. In terms of area and population affected, the floods of 1978 were the most destructive.
  In terms off the financial loss, recent floods have been far more destructive. The total loss of crops, houses and public utilities in 2009 was Rs. 32541 crores, the highest for any year.

Question
(1) What is the above extract about?

(2) How do floods adversely affect India?

(3) Why is it not possible to provide absolute protection to all flood-prone areas?

(4) How would you help the flood-affected people?

(5) Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed :
(i) The floods of 1978 were the most destructive.
(Change the sentence into the 'positive degree'.)
(ii) Floods are the most recurrent natural calamity hitting India almost every year.
(Make it a complex sentence.)
(iii) Floods have been far more destructive.
(Rewrite the sentence using the Simple Present tense.)

(6) Give the meanings of:
(i) entire
(ii) calamity

(B) Write a brief summary of the above extract with the help of the points given below and suggest a suitable title.
Floods - natural, recurrent calamity in India - destroy life and property - no absolute protection - neither practical nor economically viable- floods in 1977 and 1978. 

Advertisement Remove all ads

Solution

(1) The above extract is about the occurring of floods in India. Floods are the most occurring natural calamity in India which brings about the destruction of life and property.

(2) In India, Heavy rains and floods account for nearly 1, 700 lives lost annually and also wipe out nearly 96,000 livestock. On average, 7.21 million hectares (roughly 72,000 sq. km.) go under floodwater. This water typically ravages 3.78 million hectares of agricultural land, damaging crops worth Rs. 1, 118 crores annually.

(3) It is not possible to provide absolute protection instantly to all flood-prone areas because such an attempt will neither be practical not economically viable.

(4) We can help the flood-affected people by organizing a fund collection drive. We can also collect food items and clothing to be sent to the flood-affected areas.

(5)
(i)
No other floods were as destructive as the floods of 1978.
(ii) Floods are the most recurrent natural calamity which hit India almost every year.
OR
Floods that hit India almost every year, are the most recurrent natural calamity.
(iii) Floods are far more destructive.

(6)
(i)entire = whole / complete
(ii)calamity = disaster / danger.

(B)

Floods: A deadly natural calamity.

The above extract is about the occurring of floods in India. Floods are the most occurring natural calamity in India which brings about the destruction of life and property. In India, Heavy rains and floods account for nearly 1, 700 lives lost annually and also wipe out nearly 96,000 livestock. On average, 7.21 million hectares (roughly 72,000 sq. km.) go under floodwater. This water typically ravages 3.78 million hectares of agricultural land, damaging crops worth Rs. 1, 118 crores annually. It is not possible to provide absolute protection instantly to all flood-prone areas because such an attempt will neither be practical not economically viable.

Concept: Reading Skill
  Is there an error in this question or solution?
Advertisement Remove all ads
Advertisement Remove all ads
Advertisement Remove all ads
Share
Notifications

View all notifications


      Forgot password?
View in app×