Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:
“… the Indians who actively worked for the creation of an all-India political organization represented new social forces that were increasingly opposed to the exploitation of India for British interests. They needed an organization that would fight for India’s political and economic advancement.”
From Freedom Struggle
Answer the following on the basis of above passage and pictures:
(i) In the context of the above, identify the two individuals in Pictures 1 and 2, who were the early leaders of the organization to be formed.
(ii) How did the person in Picture 1 explain the economic exploitation of India for British interest?
(i) The leaders given in picture 1 and picture 2 are Dada Bhai Naoroji and Gopal Krishna Gokhale respectively.
(ii) Through his famous ‘Drain Theory’ Dada Bhai Naoroji explained as to how India’ wealth is exploited for British interest in various forms such as:
(a) Salaries payable to the members of the India Council, (b) Dispatch of saving to England by British personnel posted in India, (c) Pensions to British Officers, (d) Payments to the war office for the maintenance of British troops in India.