R and L were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 13:7. On 4-3-2016 their firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsiders liabilities to the realization account, you are given the following information - Accountancy

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R and L were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 13:7. On 4-3-2016 their firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsiders liabilities to the realization account, you are given the following information :

(a) Subh, a creditor for Rs 4,90,000 accepted building at Rs 6,50,000 and paid the balance to the firm by a cheque.

(b) Sudha, a second creditor for Rs 1, 80,000 accepted machinery of the book value of Rs 1,80,000 at Rs 1,76,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(c) Sudhir, a third creditor for Rs 2,00,000 accepted investments of Rs 1,20,000 and a bank draft of Rs 79,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs 30,000. Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the firm

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Solution

                                                                                   Journal

Date Particulars L.F.

Dr.

Rs

Cr.

Rs

(a)

 

 

 

(b)

(c)

 

 

(d)

 

 

 

Bank A/c                                                        Dr

            To Realisation A/c

(Being Subh accepted building valued at Rs 6,50,000 and
paid the balance to the firm)

No entry

Realisation A/c                                            Dr

               To Bank A/c

(Being Sudhir accepted investments at Rs 1,20,000 and Rs 79,000 through bank draft in full settlement of his claim)

R’s Capital A/c                           Dr

L’s Capital A/c                           Dr

             To Realisation’s A/c

(Being loss on dissolution transferred to partners capital accounts)

 

1,60,000

 

 

 

 

79,000

 

 

19,500

10,500

 

 

 

1,60,000

 

 

 

 

79,000

 

 

 

30,000

 

Note : No entry will be made when asset is taken over by the creditor

  Is there an error in this question or solution?
2015-2016 (March) Foreign Set 2

RELATED QUESTIONS

State whether the following statement is True or False with reason.

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A, B, and C were partners sharing profits and losses in the proportion of 2 : 2 : 1. Following is their balance sheet as on 31st March, 2013.
 
Balance sheet as on 31st March, 2013
Liabilities
Amount
(Rs. )
Assets
Amount
(Rs.)
Amount
(Rs.)
Capital Account
 
Machinery
 
25,000
A
30,000
Stock
 
10,000
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C
10,000
Less: R.D.D.
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General Reserve
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Profit and Loss A/c
 
9,000
A’s Loan Account
4,000
Bank
 
2,000
Bills Payable
7,000
     
 
84,000
   
84,000

On the above date, the partners decide to dissolve the firm.(1)  Assets were realised as -
Machinery Rs. 22,500, Stock Rs. 9,000, Investment Rs. 10,500, Debtors Rs. 22,500
(2) Dissolution expenses were Rs. 1,500.
(3) Goodwill of the firm realised Rs. 12,000
Pass the necessary journal entries int he books of the firm.


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K and P were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 7:5. On 31-1-2016 their firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsiders liabilities to the realization account, you are given the following information:

(a) Raman, a creditor for Rs.4, 20,000 accepted building valued at Rs.8, 00,000 and paid the balance to the firm by a cheque.

(b) Rajeev, a second creditor for Rs.1, 70,000 accepted machinery valued at Rs.1, 65,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(c) Ranjan, a third creditor for Rs.90,000 accepted investments of Rs.45,000 and a bank draft of Rs.43,000 in his favour in full settlement of his claim.

(d) P we appointed to do the work of dissolution for which he was allowed Rs.2,000. Actual expenses of dissolution Rs.2,400 were paid by P.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of K and P.


Distinguish between 'Dissolution of Partnership' and 'Dissolution of Partnership Firm on the basis of 'Economic Relationship'.


L and M were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 2:3. On 28-2-2016 the firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsiders' liabilities to realization account you are given the following information :

(a) A creditor for Rs.1,40,000 accepted building valued at Rs.1, 80,000 and paid to the firm Rs.40,000.

(b) A second creditor for Rs.30,000 accepted machinery valued at Rs.28,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(c) A third creditor amounting to Rs.70,000 accepted Rs.30,000 in cash and investments of the book value of Rs.45,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs.4,000.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the firm assuming that all payments were made by cheque.


Distinguish between ‘Dissolution of partnership’ and Dissolution of partnership firm ‘on the basis of closure of Books.


Prem and Suresh were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 7: 8. On 1.4.2015 their firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsider's liabilities to realisation account, you given the following information :

(a) Raman, a creditor of  Rs 4, 00,000 accepted land valued at Rs 7,00,000 and paid Rs 3,00,000 to the firm.

(b) Gopal, a second creditor for Rs 1,05,000 accepted  Rs 90,000 in cash and investments of  Rs 14,000 in full settlement of his account.

(c) Hari, a third creditor amounting to Rs 75,000 accepted stock of the book value of Rs 60,000 for Rs 45,000 and the balance was paid to him by cheque.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs 45,000.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the firm.

 

 


G and H were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 9: 7. On 1.4.2015 their firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsider's liabilities to realisation account you are given the following information :

(a) Mohan, a creditor of Rs 2,30,000 accepted debtors of Rs  2,00,000 at a discount of 10% and the balance was paid to him by cheque.

(b) Sohan, a second creditor for Rs 7,00,000 accepted land of the book value of Rs 10,00,000 at Rs 15,00,000 and paid the balance to the firm by cheque.

(c) Ram, a third creditor for Rs 80,000 took over stock of book value of Rs 40,000 at Rs 30,000 and investments of Rs 48,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs 48,000.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of G and H.


C and D were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 3:2. On 28-2-2016 the firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsiders' liabilities to realization account you are given the following information :

(a) A creditor for Rs 2 00,000 accepted building of Rs 2,80,000 at Rs 2,20,000 and paid the firm Rs 20,000.

(b) A second creditor for Rs 75,000 accepted furniture at Rs 60,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(c) A third creditor amounting to Rs 80,000 accepted Rs 20,000 in cash and investments of the book value of Rs 65,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs 7,500. Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the firm assuming that all payments were made by cheque.


E and F were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 7:3. On 28-2-2016 the firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsider's liabilities to realization account you are given the following information:

(a) A creditor for Rs 3, 00,000 accepted building valued Rs 3, 75,000 and paid the firm Rs 75,000.

(b) A second creditor for Rs 93,000 accepted stock valued at Rs 90,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(c) A third creditor amounting to Rs 60,000 accepted Rs 37,000 in cash and investments of the book value of Rs 40,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs 7,000.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the firm assuming that all payments were made by cheque.


Distinguish between 'Dissolution of partnership' and 'Dissolution of partnership firm' on the basis of settlement of assets and liabilities.


Pass necessary journal entries on the dissolution of a partnership firm in the following cases :

1) Expenses of dissolution were Rs 9,000.

2) Expenses of dissolution Rs 3,400 were paid by a partner, Vishal

3) Shiv, a partner, agreed to do the work for dissolution for a commission of Rs 4,500. He also agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Actual dissolution expenses Rs 3,900 were paid from the firm's bank account.

4) Naveen, a partner, agreed to look after the dissolution work for which he was allowed a remuneration of Rs 3,000. Naveen also agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Actual expenses on dissolution Rs 2,700 were paid by Naveen.

5) Vivek, a partner, was appointed to look after the dissolution work for a remuneration of Rs 7,000. He agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Actual dissolution expenses Rs 6,500 were paid by Rishi, another partner, on behalf of Vivek.

6) Gaurav, a partner, was appointed to look after the work of dissolution for a commission of Rs 12,500. He agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Gaurav took over furniture of Rs 12,500 as his commission. The furniture had already been transferred to realisation account.


Prachi, Ritika and Ishita were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 5 : 3: 2. In spite of repeated reminders by the authorities, they kept dumping hazardous material into a nearby river. The court ordered for the dissolution of their partnership firm on 31st March 2012. Prachi was deputed to realise the assets and pay the liabilities. She was aid Rs 1,000 as the commission for her services. The financial position of the firm was as follows:

Liabilities Rs Assets Rs

Creditors

Investment Fluctuation

Fund

Capitals

Prachi

Ritika

 

 

2,00,000

30,000

30,000

40,000

Furniture

Stock

Investments

Cash

Ishita's Capital

 

37,000

5,500

15,000

9,000

18,000

 

  84,500   84,500

Assets and liabilities are transferred to Realisation Account at their ______ value.


On dissolution, the cash or bank account is closed automatically.

Moli, Bhola and Raj were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3 : 3 : 4. Their partnership deed provided for the following :
(i) Interest on capital @ 5% p.a.
(ii) Interest on drawing @ 12% p.a.
(iii) Interest on partners' loan @ 6% p.a.
(iv) Moli was allowed an annual salary of Rs 4,000; Bhola was allowed a commission of 10% of net profit as shown by Profit and Loss Account and Raj was guaranteed a profit of Rs 1,50,000 after making all the adjustments as provided in the partnership agreement.
Their fixed capitals were Moli : Rs 5,00,000; Bhola : Rs 8,00,000 and Raj : Rs 4,00,000. On 1st April, 2016 Bhola extended a loan of Rs 1,00,000 to the firm. The net profit of the firm for the year ended 31st March, 2017 before interest on Bhola's loan was Rs 3,06,000.
Prepare Profit and Loss Appropriation Account of Moli, Bhola and Raj for the year ended 31st March, 2017 and their Current Accounts assuming that Bhola withdrew Rs 5,000 at the end of each month, Moli withdrew Rs 10,000 at the end of each quarter and Raj withdrew Rs 40,000 at the end of each half year.



Moli, Bhola and Raj were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3 : 3 : 4. Their partnership deed provided for the following :
(i) Interest on capital @ 5% p.a.
(ii) Interest on drawing @ 12% p.a.
(iii) Interest on partners' loan @ 6% p.a.
(iv) Moli was allowed an annual salary of Rs 4,000; Bhola was allowed a commission of 10% of net profit as shown by Profit and Loss Account and Raj was guaranteed a profit of Rs 1,50,000 after making all the adjustments as provided in the partnership agreement.
Their fixed capitals were Moli : Rs 5,00,000; Bhola : Rs 8,00,000 and Raj : Rs 4,00,000. On 1st April, 2016 Bhola extended a loan of Rs 1,00,000 to the firm. The net profit of the firm for the year ended 31st March, 2017 before interest on Bhola's loan was Rs 3,06,000.
Prepare Profit and Loss Appropriation Account of Moli, Bhola and Raj for the year ended 31st March, 2017 and their Current Accounts assuming that Bhola withdrew Rs 5,000 at the end of each month, Moli withdrew Rs 10,000 at the end of each quarter and Raj withdrew Rs 40,000 at the end of each half year.


Give the word/term/phrase which can substitute the following statement.

Assets which are not recorded in the books of account.


If any unrecorded liability is paid on dissolution of the firm ___________ is debited.


Aniket Ltd issued 40,000 equity shares of ` 100 each payable as follows :

On application Rs  20
On allotment Rs 30
On first call Rs 30
On second call Rs 20

The company received applications for 50,000 equity shares. Allotment of shares was made on pro-rata basis. Excess application money were adjusted to allotment. Share allotment and calls were made and also received, except Mr. Sanish who was holding 1,000 shares failed to pay both the calls. His shares were forfeited after the second call.
Record the above transactions in the books of Aniket Ltd


Give the word/term/phrase which can substitute the following statement.

Winding up of partnership business.


Answer in one sentence only.

What is dissolution of partnership firm?


Answer in one sentence only.

Which accounts are not transferred to Realisation account?


Answer in one sentence only.

Who is called Insolvent person?


Answer in one Sentence only.
Why is Realisation Account opened?


Answer in one sentence only.

Which account is debited on payment of dissolution expenses?


Write the word / term / phrase, which can substitute the following statements.
Debit balance in realisation account.


Write the word / term / phrase, which can substitute the following statement.
Debit balance of an insolvent Partner’s Capital Account.


Write the word / term / phrase, which can substitute the following statements.
Credit balance in Realisation Account.


Write the word / term / phrase, which can substitute the following statement.
Conversion of assets into cash on dissolution of firm.


Write the word / term / phrase, which can substitute the following statement.
Expenses incurred on dissolution of a partnership firm.


State whether the following statement is True or False.

On dissolution Cash or Bank Account is closed automatically.


State whether the following statement is True or False.

On dissolution Bank Overdraft is transferred to Realisation Account.


State whether the following statement is True or False with reason.

The insolvency loss at the time of dissolution of the firm is shared by the solvent partners in their profit sharing ratio.


In case of dissolution assets and liabilities are transferred to ______ A/c.


Sushil and Sumit were in partnership sharing profits and losses in the proportion of 3/5 and 2/5 respectively. On 31st March, 2005 they decide to dissolve the firm when their Balance Sheet was as under:

Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2005

Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs)

Sushil’s Capital

20,000 Plant and Machinery 15,000
Sumit's Capital 18,000 Stock 15,000
General Reserve 5,000

Sundry Debtors

22,000
Sumit’s Loan A/c 2,000 Bank

3,000

Sundry Creditors 10,000    
  55,000   55,000

The Assets realised as follows: Stock Rs 14,000, Plant and Machinery Rs 12,000 and Debtors Rs 20,000. The Sundry Creditors were paid Rs 9,000 in full settlement.

Prepare: Realisation Account, Partners Capital Accounts and Bank Account.


A, B and C were partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3:2:1. On 31st March, 2010. Their Balance Sheet was as follows:

              Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2010

Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs)
Sundry Creditors 15400 Cash at Bank 3500
Bills payable 3600 Stock 19800
A’s loan A/c 10000 Debtors 15000 14000
Capital Account:   Less : Provision 1000
A 20000 Join Life Policy 4000
B 16000 Plant and Machinery 43700
C 8000    
Reserve Fund 12000  
  85000   85000

The firm was dissolved on 31st March, 2010 and the assets realised as follows:

1) Join Life Policy was taken over by Mr. A at Rs 5,000.

2) Stock realised Rs 18,000, Debtors realised Rs 14,500, Plant and Machinery was sold for Rs 36,000.

3) Liabilities were paid in full. In addition one bill for Rs 700 under discount was dishonoured and had to be taken up by the firm.

4) There were no realisation expenses.

Give the Journal entries and necessary Ledger Accounts to close the books of the firm.


Pannalal, Babulal and Hiralal were partners sharing profits and losses in the proportion of 2:2:1, following is their Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2008.

             Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2008

Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs)
Capital Accounts:   Machinery 25000
Pannalal 30000 Stock 10000
Babulal 10000 Debtors 27500 26000
Hiralal 10000 Less : R.D.D 1500
General Reserve 3000

Investment

12000
Creditors 20000 Profit and Loss A/c 9000
Pannalal’s Loan A/c 4000 Bank 2000
Bills payable 7000    
  84000   84000

On the above date the partners decided to dissolve the firm:

1) Assets were realised: Machinery Rs 22,500, Stock Rs 9,000, Investment Rs 10,500, Debtors Rs 22,500.

2) Dissolution expenses were Rs 1,500.

3) Goodwill of the firm realised Rs 12,000

Pass the necessary Journal entries in the books of the firm.


Mahesh, Suresh and Jayesh were partners of the firm. They decided to dissolve the firm on 31st March, 2012. Their Balance Sheet as on that date was as under:

        Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2012

Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs)
Creditors 18000 Cash at Bank 9600
Loan 4500 Sundry Assets 51000
Capitals   Debtors 72600 69000
Mahesh 82500 Less : R.D.D. 3600
Suresh 30000 Stock 23400
Jayesh 21000 Furniture 3000
  156000   156000

The firm was dissolved as follows:

1) Mahesh will accept furniture for Rs 2,000 and agreed accept the debtors of book value of Rs 60,000 at on agreed value of Rs 51,000.

2) Suresh will accept stock at an agreed value Rs 20,000, and Sundry Assets of Book value Rs 24,000 at Rs 23,500.

3) Jayesh will accept remaining Sundry Assets for Rs 25,000 He will further accept the liability of loan along with due interest at 12% p.a.

    Interest for three months on this loan was outstanding and was not recorded in the books.

4) Expenses of dissolution were Rs 1,000 and outstanding expenses of Rs 1,200 were to be paid from the firm.

5) The remaining debtors were realised Rs 7,000. 
Prepare:
1) Realisation A/c
2) Partner’s Capital A/c
3) Bank A/c


Gautam, Viral and Ashwin were Partners sharing profits and losses equally. Their Balance sheet as on 31st December, 2011 was as follows:

          Balance Sheet as on 31st December, 2011

Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs)
Capital Accounts:   Building 73,900
Gautam 75000 Furniture 44,100
Virat 45000 Stock 25,400
Reserve Fund 27,000

Debtors

33,600
Creditors 48,500 Cash 15,000
Bank Loan 11,500 Ashwin’s Capital 15,000
  207000   207000

The firm was dissolved due to insolvency of Ashwin and the following was the result.

(i) The realisation of Assets were as follows:

a) The stock was completely damaged and could realise worth Rs 16,500 only.

b) Building was sold for Rs 49,800.

c) Furniture was realised by the firm at Rs 23,100 less than the book value.

d) A Customer who owes Rs 14,400 became insolvent and nothing could be recovered from his private estate.

(ii) Creditors were paid for Rs 36,900 in full settlement and Bank Loan was discharged fully.

(iii) The expenses of realisation Rs 4,100

(iv) Ashwin became insolvent and the firm could recover only Rs 4,000 from his private estate.

Prepare Realisation A/c, Partner’s Capital A/c and cash A/c to close the books of the firm.


(When all partners become insolvent)

Shiv, Sadashiv and Sadanand are Partners in a firm sharing Profit and Losses equally whose Balance-sheet as on 31st December, 2011 stood as follows:

      Balance Sheet as on 31st December, 2011

Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs)
Capital Accounts   Sadanand’s Capital A/c 2000
Shiv 6000 Buildings 18300
Sadashiv 4000

Machinery

12700
Parvati’s Loan 10000

Debtors

9100
Sundry Creditors 30000

Bank

7900
  50000   50000

Shiv, Sadashiv and Sadanand were declared bankrupt and hence the firm was dissolved as on that date:

(i) The sundry Assets realised as follows:

     Building Rs 10,900, Machinery Rs 8,200, Debtors Rs 6,800.

(ii) Realisation expenses amounted to Rs 1,300.

(iii) Sadanand was unable to contribute anything-

Whereas Rs 1,100 and Rs 900 were recovered from the realisation of private estate of Shiv and Sadashiv respectively.

You are required to close the books of the firm.


Ganga, Yamuna and Godavari are in Partnership sharing profits and losses equally. Their Balance sheet as on 31st December, 2011 was as follows:

           Balance Sheet as on 31st December, 2011

Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs)
Capital Accounts   Currnet Accounts  
Ganga 25000 Yamuna 20000
Yamuna 10000 Godavari 4000
Godavari 5000 Premises 17200
Ganga’s Currnet A/c 3000 Machinery 10800
Sundry Creditors 4000 Debtors 9600
Bank loan 3000 Cash 6400
  50000   50000

Godavari was declared insolvent and hence the firm was dissolved as on that date. Premises was sold at Rs 14,800, Machinery realised Rs 6,400. Bad debts and discount allowed to Debtors amounted to Rs 1,600. Sundry creditors agreed to receive 80 paise in a rupee (Rs) in full satisfaction of their claim. Bank Loan was settled at 60% of book value. During the course of dissolution a liability under an action for damages was settled for Rs 1,400 against Rs 2,100 provided in the books of the firm. The expenses of realisation amounted to Rs 900. Goodwill contributed Rs 1,900 from her private Property.

Prepare necessary ledger accounts in the books of the firm.


State the difference between dissolution of partnership and dissolution of partnership firm.


Distinguish between firm’s debts and partner’s private debts.


Explain the process of dissolution of a partnership firm?


What is a Realisation Account?


Land and Building (book value) ₹ 1,60,000 sold for ₹ 3,00,000 through a broker who charged 2% commission on the deal. Journalise the transaction, at the time of dissolution of the firm.


State whether the following statement is True or False.

At the time of disolution of a partnership firm all assets should be transfered to realiasation account.


State whether the following statement is ‘True’ or ‘False’
On dissolution, cash or bank account is closed automatically.


Answer the following question:
State any two situations when a partnership firm can be compulsorily dissolved.


Gaurav, Saurabh, and Vaibhav were partners in firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 2: 2: 1. They decided to dissolve the firm on 31st March 2018. After transferring Sundry assets (other than cash in hand and cash at Bank) and third-party liabilities to realisation account, the assets were realized and liabilities were paid off as follows:

(i) A machinery with a book value of ₹ 6,00,000 was taken over by Gaurav at 50% and stock worth ₹ 5,000 was taken over by a creditor of ₹ 9,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(ii) Land and building (book value ₹ 3,00,000) were sold for ₹ 4,00,000 through a broker who charged 2% commission.

(iii) The remaining creditors were paid ₹ 76,000 in full settlement of their claim and the remaining assets were taken over by Vaibhav for ₹ 17,000.

(iv) Bank loan of ₹ 3,00,000 was paid along with interest of ₹ 21,000.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the firm.


All activities of partnership firm cease on _________ of firm.


Write the word/phrase/term/ which can substitute the following statement.

Expenses incurred on dissolution of firm.


State whether the following statement is True or False with reason.

The firm must be dissolved on the retirement of a partner.


Creditors ₹ 30,000, Bills Payable ₹ 20,000 and Bank Loan ₹ 10,000. Available Bank Balance ₹ 40,000 what will be the amount that creditors will get in case of all partner's insolvency.


Realisation profit of a firm is ₹ 6,000, partners share Profit & Loss in the ratio of 3: 2: 1. Calculate the amount of Realisation Profit to be credited to Partners Capital A/c.


Ganesh and Kartik are partners sharing Profits and Losses equally. They decided to dissolve the firm on 31st March 2018. Their Balance Sheets was as under :

Balance Sheets as on 31st March 2018.
Liabilities Amount ₹ Assets Amount ₹
Creditors 18,400 Building 88,000
Bills Payable 5,600 Furniture 12,000
Reserve Fund 20,000 Debtors 32,000
Capital A/c :   Stock 24,000
Ganesh 40,000 Bills Receivable 4,000
Kartik 80,000 Cash 4,000
  1,64,000   1,64,000

Assets were realised as under :

Building ₹82,000, Debtors ₹ 22,000, Stock ₹ 20,000. Bills Receivable ₹ 3,200 and Ganesh agreed to take over Furniture for ₹10,000. Realisation Expenses amounted to ₹ 2,000.

Show Realisation A/c, Partners’ Capital A/c and Cash A/c.


Seeta and Geeta are partners in the firm sharing Profits and Losses in the ratio of 4:1. They decided to dissolve the partnership on 31st March 2020 on which date their Balance Sheet stood as follows.

Balance Sheets as on 31st March 2020
Liabilities Amount ₹ Assets Amount ₹
Capital   Furniture 14,000
Seeta 90,000 Plant 65,000
Geeta 40,000 Trademark 8,000
Sundry Creditors 35,000 Sundry Debtors 48,000  
Bank Loan 15,000 Less - R. D. D 3,000 45,000
    Stock 30,000
    Cash in hand 10,000
    Advertisement Suspense 8,000
  1,80,000   1,80,000

Additional Information :

1. Plant and Stock taken over by Seeta ₹ 78,000, and ₹ 22,000 respectively

2. Debtors Realised 90% of the Book Value and Trademark at ₹ 5,000. and Goodwill was realised for ₹ 7,000.

3. Unrecorded assets estimated ₹4,500 was sold for ₹1,500.

4. ₹ 1,000 Discount were allowed by creditors while paying their claim.

5. The Realisation Expenses amounted to ₹ 3,500

You are required to prepare Realisation A/c, Cash A/c, and Partners Capital A/c


Anita and Binita are partners in a firm. Anita had taken a loan of ₹ 15,000 from the firm. How will Anita’s loan be closed in the event of dissolution of the firm?


The dissolution of partnership may take place in the following ways?


On which of the following grounds the court may order a partnership firm to be dissolved?


Consider the following statements

Statement 1: "The firm is dissolved automatically, on the retirement all partners." 

Statement 2: A firm dissolves on the retirement of a partner.


Consider the following statements

Statement 1: "Dissolution takes place when the relation among the partner's comes to an end."

Statement 2: "This can be done either voluntarily or compulsorily."


A partnership firm is compulsorily dissolved:


On dissolution of a firm, a liability taken over by a partner is credited to ______.


What Journal Entry will be passed on dissolution of partnership firm, when creditors of ₹ 40,000 accepted investments of ₹ 50,000 (Book value)?


In the event of dissolution of the firm, the partner's assets are first used for payment of the following:


Charu, Dhwani, Iknoor and Paavni were partners in a firm. They had entered into partnership firm last year only, through a verbal agreement. They contributed Capitals in the firm and to meet other financial requirements, few partners also provided loan to the firm. Within a year, their conflicts arisen due to certain disagreements and they decided to dissolve the firm. The firm had appointed Ms. Kavya, who is a financial advisor and legal consultant, to carry on the dissolution process. In the first instance, Ms. Kavya had transferred various assets and external liabilities to Realisation A/c. Due to her busy schedule; Ms. Kavya has delegated this assignment to you, being an intern in her firm. On the date of dissolution, you have observed the following transactions:

  1. Dhwani’s Loan of ₹ 50,000 to the firm was settled by paying ₹ 42,000.
  2. Paavni’s Loan of ₹ 40,000 was settled by giving an unrecorded asset of ₹ 45,000.
  3. Loan to Charu of ₹ 60,000 was settled by payment to Charu’s brother loan of the same amount.
  4. Iknoor’s Loan of ₹ 80,000 to the firm and she took over Machinery of ₹ 60,000 as part payment.

You are required to pass necessary entries for all the above-mentioned transactions.


Distinguish between 'Dissolution of Partnership' and 'Dissolution of Partnership Firm' on the basis of Termination of business.


Complete the table.

Creditors Bills Payable Third-Party
Liabilities
₹ 16,000 ₹ 12,000 ?

Complete the table.

Debit side total of
Realisation A/c
Credit side total of
Realisation A/c
Loss on
Realisation
 ₹ 20,000 ₹ 4,000

Hema, Manisha and Limsy were in partnership firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 5:3:2. They decided to dissolve their partnership firm on 31st March 2019 and their Balance sheet as on that date stood as:

Balance sheet as on 31st March,2019
Liabilities Amount ₹ Assets Amount ₹
Capital Account:   Machinery 1,00,000
Hema 1,50,000 Debtors 50,000
Manisha 80,000 Stock 70,000
Reserve Fund 10,000 Cash at Bank 30,000
Sundry Creditors 20,000 Limsy Capital A/c 20,000
Bills payable 10,000    
  2,70,000   2,70,000

The firm was dissolved on 31st March, 2019 and assets were realised as under:

  1. Machinery realised 60% of its book value.
  2. Out of debtors, Mr. Jagdish, our customer for ₹ 20,000 was declared insolvent and nothing could be recovered from him. Other debtors are good and recovered and realised.
  3. Hema took stock at an agreed value of ₹ 50,000.
  4. Creditors and Bills payable were paid at 10% discount.
  5. Limsy became insolvent and nothing was recovered from her estate.

Prepare:

  1. Realisation Account
  2. Partners’ Capital Account
  3. Bank Account

Total assets of a partnership firm, which was dissolved were ₹ 30,00,000 and its total liabilities were ₹ 6,00,000. Assets were realised at 80% and liabilities were settled at 5% less. If dissolution expenses were ₹ 30,000 the profit or loss on dissolution was ______.


Pass the necessary journal entries for the following transactions on the dissolution of the partnership firm of Tina and Rina after various assets (other than cash) and external liabilities have been transferred to Realisation Account:

  1. An unrecorded asset of ₹ 18,000 was taken over by Tina at ₹ 16,000.
  2. Rina agreed to pay her brother's loan of ₹ 23,000.
  3. Stock of ₹ 30,000 was taken over by a creditor of ₹  40,000 in full settlement.
  4. Expenses of dissolution ₹  40,000 were paid by Rina. 
  5. Creditors were paid ₹ 18,800 in full settlement of their account of ₹  20,000.
  6. Tina's loan of ₹  15,000 was paid through a cheque.

Pass the necessary journal entries for the following transactions on the dissolution of the partnership firm of Tanay and Mehak after various assets (other than cash) and external liabilities have been transferred to Realisation Account:

  1. Creditors of ₹ 60,000 accepted stock valued at ₹ 59,000 in full settlement of their claim.
  2. Tanay agreed to pay off his wife's loan of ₹ 12,000.
  3. The firm had a debit balance of ₹ 18,000 in the profit and loss account on the date of dissolution. 
  4. An unrecorded liability of ₹ 20,000 was paid by partner, Mehak, at a discount of 10%.
  5. Tanay's loan of ₹ 4,000 was paid through a cheque.
  6. Expenses on dissolution amounted to ₹ 11,000 which were paid by Mehak. 

Aditya, Abhinav and Ankit were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 4: 3 : 3. On 31st March, 2022, the firm was dissolved. Aditya was appointed to complete the dissolution process for which he was allowed a remuneration of ₹ 42,000. Aditya also agreed to bear dissolution expenses. Actual expenses on dissolution amounted to ₹ 33,000 which were paid by Aditya. Aditya’s Capital Account will be credited by: 


Pass necessary Journal Entries for the following transactions on the dissolution of a partnership firm of Mita and Sonu on 31st March, 2022 after the various assets other than cash and third party liabilities have been transferred to the Realisation Account.

  1. Creditors of ₹ 90,000 took over Land and Building of ₹ 2,00,000 in full settlement of their claim.
  2. Sonu took over debtors amounting to ₹ 50,000 at ₹ 40,000.
  3. Realisation expenses ₹ 1,800 were paid by Sonu.
  4. A machine which was not recorded in the books was taken over by Mita at ₹ 11,000 while its expected market value was ₹ 15,000.
  5.  Sortu agreed to pay off his wife's loan of ₹ 20,000.
  6. Profit on dissolution amounted at ₹ 50,000.

A, B and C are in partnership business. A used ₹ 2,00,000 belonging to the firm without the information to other partners and made a profit of ₹ 35,000 by using this amount. Which decision should be taken by the firm to rectify this situation?


On the day of dissolution of the firm ‘Roop Brothers’ had partner’s capital amounting to ₹ 1,50,000 external liabilities ₹ 35,000, Cash balance ₹ 8,000 and P & L A/c (Dr.) ₹ 7,000. If Realisation expense and loss on Realisation amounted to ₹ 5,000 and ₹ 25,000 respectively, the amount realised by sale of assets is ______.


Sun and Kiran are partners sharing profits and losses equally. They decided to dissolve their firm. Assets and Liabilities have been transferred to Realisation Account. Pass necessary Journal entries for the following:

  1. All partners are agreed that the process of realisation at the time dissolution will be accomplished by Sun for which he will be paid ₹ 10,000 along with the amount of expense which amounted to 2% of total value realised from the Assets on dissolution. Some assets were sold for Cash at a cumulative Value of ₹ 12,00,000 and the remaining were taken over by creditors at a valuation of ₹ 3,00,000.
  2. Deferred Advertisement Expenditure A/c appeared in the books at ₹ 28,000.
  3. Out of the Stock of ₹ 1,20,000; Kiran (a partner) took over 1/3 of the stock at a discount of 25% and 50% of remaining stock was took over by a Creditor of ₹ 30,000 in full settlement of his claim. Balance amount of stock realized at ₹ 25,000.
  4. An outstanding bill for repairs and renewal of ₹ 3,000 was settled through an unrecorded asset which was valued at ₹ 10,000. Balance being settled in Cash.

Amul and Sumul were partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3 : 2. Their Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2023 was as follows:

Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2023
Liabilities Amount (₹) Assets Amount (₹)
Capital Accounts :   Building 10,500
Amul 15,000 Plant 13,500
Sumul 9,000 Debtors 21,000
Current Accounts:   Stock 7,500
Amul 4,500 Bank 9,000
Sumul 3,000    
Creditors 26,100    
Bills Payable 3,900    
  61,500   61,500

The firm was dissolved on the above date and the assets realised as under:

(1) Plant ₹ 12,000, Building ₹ 9,000, Stock ₹ 6,000, and Debtors ₹ 18,000.

(2) Amul agreed to pay off the Bills Payable.

(3) Creditors were paid in full.

(4) Dissolution expenses were ₹ 2,100.

Prepare: Realisation A/c, Partners' Current A/cs, Partners' Capital A/cs and Bank A/c.


Complete the following table:

Debit side total of Realisation A/c Credit side total of Realisation A/c Loss on Realisation
₹ 30,000 ? ₹ 24,000
? ₹ 10,000 ₹ 40,000

Amul and Anand are partners in the firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 4 : 1. They decided to dissolve the partnership on 31st March, 2023 on which date their Balance Sheet stood as follows:

Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2023
Liabilities Amount (₹) Amount (₹) Assets Amount (₹) Amount (₹)
Capital:     Furniture   19,600
Amul 1,26,000 1,82,000 Plant   91,000
Anand 56,000 Trademark   11,200
Sundry Creditors   49,000 Sundry Debtors 67,200  
Bank Loan   21 ,000 Less: R.D.D. 4,200 63,000
      Stock   42,000
      Cash in Hand   14,000
      Advertisement Suspense   11,200
    2,52,000     2,52,000

Additional Information:

(1) Plant and Stock taken over by Amul at ₹ 1,09,200 and ₹ 30,800 respectively.

(2) Debtors realised 90% of the book value and Trademark at ₹ 7,000 and Goodwill was realised for ₹ 37,800.

(3) Unrecorded assets estimated ₹ 6,300 was sold for ₹ 2,100.

( 4) ₹ 1,400 Discount were allowed by creditors while paying their claim.

(5) The Realisation expenses amounted to ₹ 4,900.

You are required to prepare Realisation A/c, Cash A/c and Partner's Capital A/cs.


Vinay, Premal and Monil were in partnership sharing profits and losses in the ratio 2 : 2 : 1. They decided to dissolve their partnership firm on 31st March, 2023 and their Balance Sheet on that date stood as:

Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2023
Liabilities Amount (₹) Amount (₹) Assets Amount (₹) Amount (₹)
Capital :     Plant   2,40,000
Vinay 1,80,000 3,60,000 Debtors   90,000
Premal 1,20,000 Stock   1,50,000
Monil 60,000      
Loan   24,000      
Sundry Creditors   18,000      
Bank Overdraft   78,000      
    4,80,000     4,80,000

It was agreed that:

(1) Vinay to discharge Loan and to take Debtors at book value.

(2) Plant realised ₹ 2, 70,000.

(3) Stock realised ₹1,44,000.

( 4) Creditors were paid off at a discount of ₹ 90.

Show Realisation Account, Partner's Capital Accounts and Bank Account.


Mita and Sita, sharing profits in, the ratio 2 : 1, decided to dissolve their partnership firm on 31st March, 2022, on which date their Balance Sheet was as under:

Balance Sheet of Mita and Sita
as on 31st March, 2022
Liabilities   (₹) Assets   (₹)
Sundry Creditors   40,000 Land & Building   29,000
Sita's Son's Loan   2,000 Plant & Machinery   20,000
Bank Overdraft   8,000 Stock   3,000
Capital Accounts:     Debtors 26,400 26,000
Mita  20,000 30,000 Less: Provision for
Doubtful Debts
400
Sita 10,000 Bank   2,000
    80,000     80,000

The partnership firm was dissolved on the date of the Balance Sheet subject to the following adjustments:

  1. Trade creditors accepted plant and machinery at an agreed valuation of 10% less than the book value and the balance in cash in full settlement of their claims.
  2. Debtors of ₹ 1,000 proved bad.
  3. Sita took over the stock at a discount of 20%.
  4. Realisation expenses of ₹ 1,100 were paid by the firm.

You are required to prepare the Realisation Account.


Lal, Bal and Pal were partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 2 : 2 : 1. The following is the Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2020.

Balance sheet as on 31st March 2020
Liabilities Amount (₹) Assets Amount (₹)
Capital A/c   Machinery 50,000
Lal 60,000 Investments 24,000
Bal 20,000 Debtors 55,000 52,000
Pal 20,000 Less: R.D.D. (3,000)
General Reserve 6,000 Stock 20,000
Creditors 48,000 Profit and loss A/c 18,000
Bills Payable 14,000 Bank 4,000
  168000   168000

On the above date the partners decided to dissolve the firm.

(1) Assets were realised as:

Machinery ₹ 45000
Stock ₹ 18000
Investment ₹ 21000
Debtors ₹ 45000

(2) Dissolution expenses were ₹ 3000.

(3) Goodwill of the firm realised ₹ 24000.

Prepare:

  1. Realisation Account
  2. Partner's Capital Account
  3. Bank Account.

Read the following hypothetical situation and answer question on the basis of the same.

Nitya, Shreya and Ishita are partners in a firm. They share profit in the ratio of 5 : 3 : 2. Their fixed capital are ₹1,80,000; ₹1,60,000 and ₹2,00,000 respectively. For the year ending 31st March, 2022, Nitya withdrew ₹7,500 at the end of every quarter.

The average number of months for which interest on drawings will be calculated, will be:


Nitya, Shreya and Ishita are partners in a firm. They share profits in the ratio of 5 : 3 : 2. Their fixed capitals are ₹ 1,80,000; ₹ 1,60,000 and ₹ 2,00,000 respectively. For the year ending 31st March, 2022, Nitya withdrew ₹ 7,500 at the end of every quarter.

The average number of months for which interest on drawings will be calculated, will be:


Choose the correct order in which a partnership firm, at the time of its dissolution, will apply the amount realised from the sale of its assets, including any amount contributed by the partners, towards the payment of:

P: Partners' loan

Q: Firm's debts

R: Balance of partners' capital

S: Surplus divided amongst the partners in their profit-sharing ratio


Assertion: A revaluation account is prepared at the time of dissolution of a partnership.

Reason: A revaluation account is prepared to determine the net gain/loss on realisation of assets and settlement of liabilities.

Which one of the following is correct?


A firm having a debtor of ₹ 30,000 from whom the amount was due on 30th June, 2023, gets dissolved on 31st March, 2023. The debtor cleared his dues on the date of dissolution of the firm at a discount of 4% per annum.

Give the journal entry passed by the firm to realise the payment from the debtor.


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