Prove that the Quadrilateral Formed by Joining the Mid-points of Consecutive Sides of a Rectangle is a Rhombus. - Mathematics

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Sum

Prove that the quadrilateral formed by joining the mid-points of consecutive sides of a rectangle is a rhombus.

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Solution


Let us join AC and BD
In ΔABC
P and Q are the mid-point of AB and DC respectively

Therefore, PQ || AC and PQ = `(1)/(2)"AC"`(mid-point theorem)  ...(1)

Similarly in ΔADC

SR || AC and SR = `(1)/(2)"AC"`(mid-point theorem) .....(2)

Clearly, PQ || SR and PQ = SR
As in quadrilateral PQRS one pair of opposite sides is equal and parallel to each other, so, it is a parallelogram.
Therefore, PS || QR and PS = QR (opposite sides of parallelogram)... (3)
Now, in ΔBCD, Q and R are mid points of side BC and CD respectively.

Therefore, QR || BD and QR = `(1)/(2)"BD"`(mid-point theorem)...(4)

But diagonals of a rectangle are equal
⇒ AC = BD ...(5)
Now, by using equation (1). (2), (3), (4), (5) we can say that
PQ = QR = SR = PS
So, PQRS is a rhombus.

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Chapter 19: Quadrilaterals - Exercise 19.2

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Frank Class 9 Maths ICSE
Chapter 19 Quadrilaterals
Exercise 19.2 | Q 7
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