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Prove that the diagonals of a rectangle bisect each other and are equal. - Mathematics

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Sum

Prove that the diagonals of a rectangle bisect each other and are equal.

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Solution

Let OACB be a rectangle such that OA is along x-axis and OB is along y-axis. Let OA = a and OB = b.

Then, the coordinates of A and B are (a, 0) and (0, b) respectively. Since, OACB is a rectangle. Therefore,

AC = Ob ⇒ AC = b

Thus, we have

OA = a and AC = b

So, the coordiantes of C are (a, b).

The coordinates of the mid-point of OC are

`( \frac{a+0}{2},\ \frac{b+0}{2})=( \frac{a}{2},\frac{b}{2})`

Also, the coordinates of the mid-points of AB are

`( \frac{a+0}{2},\ \frac{0+b}{2})=( \frac{a}{2},\frac{b}{2})`

Clearly, coordinates of the mid-point of OC and AB are same.

Hence, OC and AB bisect each other.

`OC\text{ }=sqrt((a-0)^{2}+(0-b)^{2})=\sqrt(a^{2}+b^{2})`

`AB\text{ }=sqrt((a-0)^{2}+(0-b)^{2})=\sqrt(a^{2}+b^{2})`

∴ OC = AB

Concept: Section Formula
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