Prove by vector method, that the angle subtended on semicircle is a right angle.

#### Solution

Let seg AB be a diameter of a circle with centre C and P be any point on the circle other than A and B.

Then ∠APB is an angle subtended on a semicircle.

Let `bar"AC" = bar"CB" = bar"a"` and `bar"CP" = bar"r"`

Then `|bar"a"| = |bar"r"|` ....(1)

`bar"AP" = bar"AC" + bar"CP"`

= `bar"a" + bar"r"`

= `bar"r" + bar"a"`

`bar"BP" = bar"BC" + bar"CP"`

= `- bar"CB" + bar"CP"`

= `- bar"a" + bar"r"`

∴ `bar"AP".bar"BP" = (bar"r" + bar"a").(bar"r" - bar"a")`

= `bar"r".bar"r" - bar"r".bar"a" + bar"a".bar"r" - bar"a".bar"a"`

= `|bar"r"|^2 - |bar"a"|^2`

= 0 ....`(∵ bar"r".bar"a" = bar"a".bar"r")`

∴ `bar"AP" ⊥ bar"BP"`

∴ ∠APB is a right angle.

Hence, the angle subtended on a semicircle is the right angle.