(a) Some sportspersons resort to unfair practices to enhance their performance. Drug abuse often gives them a shortcut to success. Therefore, it has become necessary to conduct a dope test (test for drugs or their derivatives in blood and urine) prior to any sports event to ensure fair play.
(b) The authorities should look for performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) like gonadotropins, erythropoeitin and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in the dope test. Opiate-like drugs, e.g. Vicodin, Percocet or OxyContin, and cannabinoids are also misused by sportspersons these days.
(c) Generic names of the plants from which drugs are obtained are as follows:
- Papaver somniferum
- Cannabis sativa
- Erythroxylum coca
(Disclaimer: Any two generic names of the plants can be given.)
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