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Principle: the Communication of a Proposal is Complete When It Comes to the Knowledge of the Person to Whom It is Made. Facts: 'A‘ Sent a Letter Making a Proposal - Legal Reasoning

Question

MCQ

Principle: The communication of a proposal is complete when it comes to the knowledge of the person to whom it is made.

Facts: 'A‘ sent a letter making a proposal to 'B‘ to purchase the house of B.  

Options

  • The communication of the proposal is complete when A sent the letter. 

  • The communication of the proposal is complete when B‘s wife received it. 

  • The communication of the proposal is complete when B‘s wife handed over the letter to B. 

  • The communication of the proposal is complete when B reads the letter.

Solution 1

The communication of the proposal is complete when B reads the letter.

Explanation:

According to Section 4 of the Indian Contract  Act, The communication of a proposal is complete when it comes to the knowledge of the person to whom it is made. The communication of an acceptance is complete.   
As against the proposer, when it is put in a course  of transmission to him so as to be out of the power  of the acceptor;   
As against the acceptor, when it comes to the knowledge of the proposer.  The reasonable conclusion is that in the present problem that the communication of the proposal is complete when B reads the letter is the correct answer.

Solution 2

The communication of the proposal is complete when B reads the letter.

Explanation:

The communication of the proposal is complete only when B reads the paper. This is evident from the principle which states “The communication of a proposal is complete when it comes to the knowledge of the person to whom it is made.” It means only after B reads the letter, it comes to his knowledge.

Concept: Contract Law
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