Answer in Brief
Prepare a Fact file of any of the following plants/trees, using the points given.
[coconut / neem / basil / cactus / apple]
- Name of Plant/Tree _________
- Scientific name ___________
- Region and climate ___________
- Features ___________
- Growth _____________
- Size, shape and colour ____________
- Uses __________
- Any special feature ________
Profile of the Coconut Tree and Fruit
English name Coconut;
Sanskrit name - Narikela;
Hindi name - Nariyal.
- Scientific name:
cocos nucifera; belongs to the family 'Palmae' or the palm family (also known as Arecaceae).
- Region and Climate:
Tropical and sub tropical coastal regions, especially near sea beaches.
i. Fruit: has a thick fibrous coir over the hard shell: inside the kernel colourless liquid;
ii. leaves: feather-shaped and split into lots of leaflets.
Coconut trees can grow from 15 to 30 metres in height in plantations
- Size and shape:
Coconut fruits are oval in shape. The trunk of the coconut tree is ringed with scars where old leaves have fallen. The top of the trunk is crowned with a rosette of leaves. The leaves can grow up to 7 feet long and can have 250 leaflets.
i. Coir weaving and leaves: matting, thatching and
ii. Hard outer shell: about 10 to 15 inches in length: used to make articles such as spoons, eating utensils, charcoal, etc.
iii. Inside of the shell: lined with a white edible layer called the meat: used for cooking or extraction of oil, making of soaps or cosmetics: also to make chemical Industrial and medicinal products: contains coconut water which is very nutritious.
iv. Husk and leaves: used as material to make a variety of products for furnishing and decorating
- Any special feature:
Known in India as kalpavriksha' or the tree of heaven' because of its many uses: the term coconut is derived from the 16th century Portuguese and Spanish. meaning grinning face from the three small holes on the coconut shell that resemble human facial features.
Concept: Reading Skill (Textual)
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