With a neat, labelled diagram, describe the parts of a typical angiosperm ovule.
An ovule is a female megasporangium where the formation of megaspores takes place.
The various parts of an ovule are –
(1) Funiculus – It is a stalk-like structure which represents the point of attachment of the ovule to the placenta of the ovary.
(2) Hilum – It is the point where the body of the ovule is attached to the funiculus.
(3) Integuments –They are the outer layers surrounding the ovule that provide protection to the developing embryo.
(4) Micropyle – It is a narrow pore formed by the projection of integuments. It marks the point where the pollen tube enters the ovule at the time of fertilization.
(5) Nucellus – It is a mass of the parenchymatous tissue surrounded by the integuments from the outside. The nucellus provides nutrition to the developing embryo. The embryo sac is located inside the nucellus.
(6) Chalazal – It is the based swollen part of the nucellus from where the integuments originate.
A typical angiospermic ovule is a small structure which is formed in the ovary. Ovule first develops as a projection on the placenta and composed of multilayered cellular tissue called the nucellus. The hypodermal cell of die nucellus enlarges and transformed into megaspore mother cell. This cell undergoes meiosis to produce four haploid cells only one of which develops & forms embryo sac (female gametophyte). An ovule may be surrounded by one or two protective layers called integuments, leaving a small opening at one end termed as micropyle which acts as passage for the entry of the pollen tube into the ovule. Thus, a typical ovule consists of a fully developed embryo sac with the nucellus and integuments
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- Pre-fertilisation - Structures and Events - The Pistil, Megasporangium (Ovule) and Embryo Sac