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Solution - What is Meant by Emasculation? When and Why Does a Plant Breeder Employ this Technique? - Pre-fertilisation - Structures and Events - Pollination

ConceptPre-fertilisation - Structures and Events Pollination

Question

What is meant by emasculation? When and why does a plant breeder employ this technique?

Solution 1

Emasculation is the process of removing anthers from bisexual flowers without affecting the female reproductive part (pistil), which is used in various plant hybridization techniques.

Emasculation is performed by plant breeders in bisexual flowers to obtain the desired variety of a plant by crossing a particular plant with the desired pollen grain. To remove the anthers, the flowers are covered with a bag before they open. This ensures that the flower is pollinated by pollen grains obtained from desirable varieties only. Later, the mature, viable, and stored pollen grains are dusted on the bagged stigma by breeders to allow artificial pollination to take place and obtain the desired plant variety.

Solution 2

Emasculation is the removal of stamens mainly the anthers from the flower buds before their dehiscence. This is mainly done to avoid self-pollination. Emasculation is one of the measures in the artificial hybridization. Plant breeders employed this technique to prevent the pollination within same flower or to pollinate stigmas with pollens of desired variety.

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APPEARS IN

NCERT Biology Textbook for Class 12
Chapter 2: Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
Q: 15 | Page no. 41

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Solution for question: What is Meant by Emasculation? When and Why Does a Plant Breeder Employ this Technique? concept: Pre-fertilisation - Structures and Events - Pollination. For the courses CBSE (Arts), CBSE (Commerce), CBSE (Science)
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