PQR is a triangle right angled at P and M is a point on QR such that PM ⊥ QR. Show that PM^2 = QM . MR - Mathematics

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PQR is a triangle right angled at P and M is a point on QR such that PM ⊥ QR. Show that PM2 = QM . MR

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Solution

Let ∠MPR =  x

In ΔMPR

∠MPR = 180º- 90º - x

∠MRP = 90º - x

Similarity, in ΔMPQ

∠MPQ = 90º - ∠MPR

= 90º - x

∠MQP = 180º - 90º - (90º - x)

∠MQP = x

In ΔQMP and ΔPMR

 ∠MPQ = ∠MRP

∠PMQ = ∠RMP

∠MQP = ∠MPR

∴ΔQMP ~ ΔPMR (By AAA Similarity criterion)

`=>(QM)/(PM) = (MP)/(MR)`

=>PM2 = QM x MR

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Chapter 6: Triangles - Exercise 6.5 [Page 150]

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NCERT Mathematics Class 10
Chapter 6 Triangles
Exercise 6.5 | Q 2 | Page 150

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