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Solution - A Potentiometer with a Cell of 2.0 V and Internal Resistance 0.40Ω Maintaining a Potential Drop Across the Resistor Wire Ab. a Standard Cell Which Maintains a Constant Emf of 1.02 V (For Very Moderate Currents up to a Few Ma) Gives a Balance Point at 67.3 cm Length of the Wire. - Potentiometer

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Question

Figure 3.33 shows a potentiometer with a cell of 2.0 V and internal resistance 0.40 Ω maintaining a potential drop across the resistor wire AB. A standard cell which maintains a constant emf of 1.02 V (for very moderate currents up to a few mA) gives a balance point at 67.3 cm length of the wire. To ensure very low currents drawn from the standard cell, a very high resistance of 600 kΩ is put in series with it, which is shorted close to the balance point. The standard cell is then replaced by a cell of unknown emf ε and the balance point found similarly, turns out to be at 82.3 cm length of the wire.

(a) What is the value ε ?

(b) What purpose does the high resistance of 600 kΩ have?

(c) Is the balance point affected by this high resistance?

(d) Is the balance point affected by the internal resistance of the driver cell?

(e) Would the method work in the above situation if the driver cell of the potentiometer had an emf of 1.0 V instead of 2.0 V?

(f ) Would the circuit work well for determining an extremely small emf, say of the order of a few mV (such as the typical emf of a thermo-couple)? If not, how will you modify the circuit?

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Solution for question: A Potentiometer with a Cell of 2.0 V and Internal Resistance 0.40Ω Maintaining a Potential Drop Across the Resistor Wire Ab. a Standard Cell Which Maintains a Constant Emf of 1.02 V (For Very Moderate Currents up to a Few Ma) Gives a Balance Point at 67.3 cm Length of the Wire. concept: Potentiometer. For the courses 12th CBSE (Arts), 12th CBSE (Commerce), 12th CBSE (Science)
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