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Solution - Position of Elements and Trends in the Modern Periodic Table

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ConceptPosition of Elements and Trends in the Modern Periodic Table  

Question

Write the number of vertical columns in the modern periodic table. What are these columns called?

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Name any two elements of group one and write their electronic configurations. What similarity do you observe in their electronic configurations? Write the formula of oxide of any of the aforesaid elements.

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Na, Mg and Al are the elements of the same period of Modern Periodic Table having, one, two and three valence electrons respectively. Which of these elements (i) has the largest atomic radius, (ii) is least reactive? Justify your answer stating reason for each case.

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Write the electronic configuration of K and Ne.

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Two elements ‘P’ and ‘Q’ belong to the same period of the modern periodic table and are in Group 1 and Group 2, respectively. Compare their following characteristics in tabular form:-

(a) The number of electrons in their atoms

(b) The sizes of their atoms

(c) Their metallic character

(d) Their tendencies to lose electrons

(e) The formula of their oxides

(f) The formula of their chlorides

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Study the following table in which positions of six elements A, B, C, D, E and F are shown as they are in the modern periodic table:

Group→

 

Period↓

1

 

 

2

 

 

3-12

 

 

13

 

 

14

 

 

15

 

 

16

 

 

17

 

 

18

 

 

2A    B  C
3   DE   F

On the basis of the above table, answer the following questions:-

(i) Name the element which forms only covalent compounds.

(ii) Name the element which is a metal with valency three.

(iii) Name the element which is a non-metal with valency three.

(iv) Out of D and E, which is bigger in size and why?

(v) Write the common name for the family to which the elements C and F belong.

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Solution for concept: Position of Elements and Trends in the Modern Periodic Table. For the course 8th-10th CBSE
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