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Points P, Q, R and S divides the line segment joining A(1, 2) and B(6, 7) in 5 equal parts. Find the coordinates of the points P, Q and R. - Mathematics

Answer in Brief

Points P, Q, R and S divides the line segment joining A(1, 2) and B(6, 7) in 5 equal parts. Find the coordinates of the points P, Q and R.   

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Solution

It is given that P, Q, R and S divides the line segment joining A(1, 2) and B(6, 7) in 5 equal parts.

∴ AP = PQ = QR = RS = SB          .....(1)
Now,
AP + PQ + QR + RS + SB = AB
⇒ AP + AP + AP + AP + AP = AB             [From (1)]
⇒ 5AP = AB
⇒ AP = \[\frac{1}{5}\] AB                  .....(2)   

Now,
PB = PQ + QR + RS + SB = \[\frac{1}{5}\] AB + \[\frac{1}{5}\] AB + \[\frac{1}{5}\] AB + \[\frac{1}{5}\] AB =  \[\frac{4}{5}\] AB         .....(3)

From (2) and (3), we get

AP : PB = \[\frac{1}{5}\] AB : \[\frac{4}{5}\] AB = 1 : 4 
Similarly,

AQ : QB = 2 : 3 and AR : RB = 3 : 2

Using section formula, we get

Coordinates of P = \[\left( \frac{1 \times 6 + 4 \times 1}{1 + 4}, \frac{1 \times 7 + 4 \times 2}{1 + 4} \right) = \left( \frac{10}{5}, \frac{15}{5} \right) = \left( 2, 3 \right)\]

Coordinates of Q = \[\left( \frac{2 \times 6 + 3 \times 1}{2 + 3}, \frac{2 \times 7 + 3 \times 2}{2 + 3} \right) = \left( \frac{15}{5}, \frac{20}{5} \right) = \left( 3, 4 \right)\]

Coordinates of R = \[\left( \frac{3 \times 6 + 2 \times 1}{3 + 2}, \frac{3 \times 7 + 2 \times 2}{3 + 2} \right) = \left( \frac{20}{5}, \frac{25}{5} \right) = \left( 4, 5 \right)\]

 
 
 
 
 

 

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APPEARS IN

RD Sharma Class 10 Maths
Chapter 6 Co-Ordinate Geometry
Exercise 6.3 | Q 38 | Page 30
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