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Pick the Correct Options. (A) All Electrons Have Magnetic Moment. (B) All Protons Have Magnetic Moment. (C) All Nuclei Have Magnetic Moment. (D) All Atoms Have Magnetic Moment. - Physics

Short Note

Pick the correct options.
(a) All electrons have magnetic moment.
(b) All protons have magnetic moment.
(c) All nuclei have magnetic moment.
(d) All atoms have magnetic moment.

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Solution

(a) All electrons have magnetic moment.
(b) All protons have magnetic moment.

 

Electrons of an atom moves in circular path around the nucleus and constitute electric current. Since a current loop has magnetic moment, therefore electron also has magnetic moment due to this orbit motion. It also has magnetic moment due to the spinning about its own axis.

Orbital motion of electron around the nucleus give rise to magnetic field around the proton (nucleus). This create a torque and thus magnetic dipole moment on proton.

All nuclei also have magnetic moment but it is several thousand times smaller than the magnetic moment of the electron so it can be ignored in comparison to the magnetic moment of an eletron.

Generally, an atom has no magnetic moment. Because the magnetic moments of electrons of an atom have a tendency to cancel in pairs.

Concept: Introduction of Magnetism
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APPEARS IN

HC Verma Class 11, Class 12 Concepts of Physics Vol. 2
Chapter 15 Magnetic Properties of Matter
MCQ | Q 1 | Page 286
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