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Solution - Explain, Why Are Boiling Points of Carboxylic Acids Higher than Corresponding Alcohols - Physical Properties of Carboxylic Acids

Question

Explain, why are boiling points of carboxylic acids higher than corresponding alcohols

Solution

The boiling points of carboxylic acids are higher than the corresponding alcohols because

  • Carboxylic acids have a high boiling point because of their ability to form intermolecular hydrogen bonds.
  • Hydrogen bonds formed in carboxylic acids are stronger than those in alcohols.
  • The –OH bond in –COOH is more strongly polarised than the –OH bond of alcohols. This is because of the presence of an electron-withdrawing carboxyl group in an adjacent position in carboxylic acids.
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APPEARS IN

2014-2015 (March)
Question 6.4 | 2 marks
Solution for question: Explain, Why Are Boiling Points of Carboxylic Acids Higher than Corresponding Alcohols concept: Physical Properties of Carboxylic Acids. For the courses HSC Science (Computer Science), HSC Science (Electronics), HSC Science (General)
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