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Solution - Monochromatic Light of Wavelength 632.8 Nm is Produced by A Helium-neon Laser. the Power Emitted is 9.42 Mw. - Particle Nature of Light: the Photon

ConceptParticle Nature of Light: the Photon

Question

Monochromatic light of wavelength 632.8 nm is produced by a helium-neon laser. The power emitted is 9.42 mW.

(a) Find the energy and momentum of each photon in the light beam,

(b) How many photons per second, on the average, arrive at a target irradiated by this beam? (Assume the beam to have uniform cross-section which is less than the target area), and

(c) How fast does a hydrogen atom have to travel in order to have the same momentum as that of the photon?

Solution

Wavelength of the monochromatic light, λ = 632.8 nm = 632.8 × 10−9 m

Power emitted by the laser, P = 9.42 mW = 9.42 × 10−3 W

Planck’s constant, h = 6.626 × 10−34 Js

Speed of light, c = 3 × 108 m/s

Mass of a hydrogen atom, m = 1.66 × 10−27 kg

(a)The energy of each photon is given as:

`E = (hc)/lambda`

`= (6.626 xx 10^(-34) xx 3xx 10^8)/632.8 xx 10^(-9) = 3.141 xx 10^(-19) J`

The momentum of each photon is given as:

`P = h/lambda`

`= (6.626 xx 10^(-34))/632.8 = 1.047 xx 10^(-27) kg ms^(-1)`

(b)Number of photons arriving per second, at a target irradiated by the beam = n

Assume that the beam has a uniform cross-section that is less than the target area.

Hence, the equation for power can be written as:

`P = nE`

`:. n = P/E`

`= (9.42 xx 10^(-3))/3.141 xx 10^(-19) ~~ 3 xx 10^16 "photon/s"`

(c)Momentum of the hydrogen atom is the same as the momentum of the photon,

`p = 1.047 xx 10^(-27) kg ms^(-`)

Momentum is given as:

p = mv

Where,

v = Speed of the hydrogen atom

`:. v = p/m`

`= (1.047 xx 10^(-27))/(1.66 xx 10^(-27)) = 0.621 "m/s"`

Is there an error in this question or solution?

APPEARS IN

NCERT Physics Textbook for Class 12 Part 2
Chapter 11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Q: 4 | Page no. 407

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Reference Material

Solution for question: Monochromatic Light of Wavelength 632.8 Nm is Produced by A Helium-neon Laser. the Power Emitted is 9.42 Mw. concept: Particle Nature of Light: the Photon. For the courses CBSE (Arts), CBSE (Commerce), CBSE (Science)
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