Find the coordinates of the focus, axis of the parabola, the equation of directrix and the length of the latus rectum for x2 = – 16y
The given equation is x2 = –16y.
Here, the coefficient of y is negative. Hence, the parabola opens downwards.
On comparing this equation with x2 = – 4ay, we obtain
–4a = –16 ⇒ a = 4
∴Coordinates of the focus = (0, –a) = (0, –4)
Since the given equation involves x2, the axis of the parabola is the y-axis.
Equation of directrix, y = a i.e., y = 4
Length of latus rectum = 4a = 16