A platoon of soldiers marches on a road in steps according to the sound of a marching band. The band is stopped and the soldiers are ordered to break the steps while crossing a bridge. Why?
When the frequency of soldiers' feet movement becomes equal to the natural frequency of the bridge, and resonance occurs between soldiers' feet movement and movement of the bridge, maximum transfer of energy occurs from soldiers' feet to the bridge, which increases the amplitude of vibration. A continued increase in the amplitude of vibration, however, may lead to collapsing of the bridge.
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