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Only 75 Years Ago, the Best Fishing in the World Was The Grand Banks of the North Atlantic. - Logical Reasoning

MCQ

Only 75 years ago, the best fishing in the world was the  Grand Banks of the North Atlantic. But now overfishing and man’s pollution have decimated the area. There will be no fishing industry in the Americas in a few years. The waters off New foundland now yield less than the catch of five years ago, and less than one-quarter of the total of ten years ago.  The cod has almost disappeared. The numbers of fishermen in New foundland and New England have declined, and their yearly earnings are now at an all-time low. Yet radar has made fishing methods more efficient than ever.   
Which one of the following identifies most clearly a faulty assumption in the reasoning of this passage?

Options

  • The argument fails to consider that the decline in the  catch may be due to factors other than pollution. 

  • The argument assumes that the waters off  Newfoundland are representative of all the American oceans.

  • The pollution of the sea may have been caused by natural as well as by human forces.

  • The argument does not allow for the possibility that the catch may increase in size in the next five years.

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Solution

The argument assumes that the waters off  Newfoundland are representative of all the American oceans.

Explanation:

'The argument assumes that the waters off  Newfoundland are representative of all the American oceans. ', the argument assumes that the waters of New found land is representative of all the American oceans.

Concept: Critical Reasoning (Entrance Exam)
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