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One says, "Give me a hundred, friend! I shall then become twice as rich as you". The other replies, “If you give me ten, I shall be six times as rich as you”. Tell me what is the amount of their (respective) capital? - Mathematics

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One says, "Give me a hundred, friend! I shall then become twice as rich as you". The other replies, “If you give me ten, I shall be six times as rich as you”. Tell me what is the amount of their (respective) capital? [From the Bijaganita of Bhaskara II)

[Hint: x + 100 = 2 (y − 100), y + 10 = 6(x − 10)]

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Solution

Let those friends were having Rs x and y with them.

Using the information given in the question, we obtain

x + 100 = 2(y − 100)

x + 100 = 2y − 200

x − 2y = −300 (i)

And, 6(x − 10) = (y + 10)

6x − 60 = y + 10

6x − y = 70 (ii)

Multiplying equation (ii) by 2, we obtain

12x − 2y = 140 (iii)

Subtracting equation (i) from equation (iii), we obtain

11x = 140 + 300

11x = 440

x = 40

Using this in equation (i), we obtain

40 − 2y = −300

40 + 300 = 2y

2y = 340

y = 170

Therefore, those friends had Rs 40 and Rs 170 with them respectively.

Concept: Equations Reducible to a Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
  Is there an error in this question or solution?

APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 10 Maths
Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
Exercise 3.7 | Q 2 | Page 68
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