On the basis of which values will it be a fair expectation that democracy should produce a harmonious social life? Explain.
a. Democracy also involves competition among various groups to get their demands fulfilled. Making conflicting claims and voicing their concerns is the outcome of Democracy and how the democratic system responds to such conflicting claims is the challenge of Democracy
b. Since social division. groups are the characteristic feature of every society it is obvious that group make varied demands.
c. Political leadership is thus faced with the problem of pacifying different groups.
d. Different communities have different aims and aspirations, which may conflict with each other, posing a challenge to the system to resolve those,
e. Democracy is all about resolving conflicting interests in which government may not be able to appease all the social groups while may pacify some. For example, a reservation policy.
f. Conflicts are eliminated by means of power-sharing among different groups. We may give an example of the Linguistic reorganization of the states to represent their interests, for example, Telugu speaking state of Andhra Pradesh, then Maharashtra, Gujarat, etc.
g. The government tries to accommodate varied interests by means of negotiations and bargaining.
h. Democracy holds within itself values of negotiations, compromise, bargaining, deliberation to accommodate social diversity and to resolve conflict in the society.
i. It is by means of power-sharing. democracy tries to ensure peace and stability in society.