Obtan an expression for potential energy of a particle performing S.H.M. What is the value of potential energy at (i) Mean position, and (ii) Extreme position
Potential Energy :
→ consider a particle of mass ‘m’ performing S.H.M along AB about mean position ‘O’.
→ OB = OA = a.
∴ When particle of mass ‘m’ performs S.H.M. is at distance x from its mean position.
→ Let ‘F = k x’ be the restoring force acting on the particle where k → force constant.
→ Let the particle is displaced by infinitesimal small distance 'dx'.
dw = - fdx= -(-kx) dx= kxdx.
∴ total workdone is ,
`∫ dw= ∫ _(x=0)^x kxdx =k ∫ _(x=0)^x xdx`
`W = 1/2 kx^2= 1/2 mω^2x^2` `[∵ ω^2 = k/m]`
∴ this workdone is stored in the form of P.E.
∴ `P.E = 1/2 kx^2 = 1/2mω^2x^2`
(i) at Mean position : - x = 0
∴ P.E = 0
(ii) at extreme position : x = ± a
∴ magnitude of P.E. is,
∴ `P.E =1/2 mω^2a^2`
Video Tutorials For All Subjects
- K.E.(Kinetic Energy) and P.E.(Potential Energy) in S.H.M.