Obtain the differential equation by eliminating the arbitrary constants from the following equation: y = A cos (log x) + B sin (log x) - Mathematics and Statistics

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Sum

Obtain the differential equation by eliminating the arbitrary constants from the following equation:

y = A cos (log x) + B sin (log x)

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Solution

y = A cos (log x) + B sin (log x)    ...(1)

Differentiating w.r.t. x, we get

`"dy"/"dx" = - "A  sin" ("log x")*"d"/"dx" ("log  x") + "B cos" ("log x")*"d"/"dx" ("log x")`

`= (- "A sin" ("log x"))/"x" + ("B cos" (log "x"))/"x"`

∴ `"x" "dy"/"dx"` = – A sin (log x) + B cos (log x)

Differentiating again w.r.t. x, we get

`"x" ("d"^2"y")/"dx"^2 + "dy"/"dx" = (- "A cos" ("log x"))/"x" + ("B sin" (log "x"))/"x"`

∴ `"x"^2 ("d"^2"y")/"dx"^2 + "x""dy"/"dx"` = – [A cos (log x) + B sin (log x)] = – y    .....[By (1)]

∴ `"x"^2 ("d"^2"y")/"dx"^2 + "x""dy"/"dx" + "y"` = 0 is the required D.E.

Concept: Formation of Differential Equations
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Chapter 6: Differential Equations - Exercise 6.2 [Page 196]

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