Social Science: Events and Processes - Nationalism in India - Impact of First World War, Khilafat, Non- Cooperation

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Why did Mahatma Gandhiji decide to withdraw the Non-Cooperation Movement in February 1922? Explain the reasons.

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Solution

Gandhiji decided to withdraw the non-cooperation movement due to the various incidents of violence perpetrated by the masses. The most violent of all such outbursts was the Chauri Chaura incident in 1922. In Chauri Chaura, people clashed with the police and set a police station on fire. Gandhiji felt that the people were not yet ready for a mass struggle and that satyagrahis needed to be properly trained for non-violent demonstrations.

Concept: Nationalism in India - Impact of First World War, Khilafat, Non- Cooperation
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2014-2015 (March) Delhi Set 3

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Read the given case and answer the questions that follow:

Mahatma Gandhi's thoughts on Satyagraha

'It is said of "passive resistance" that it is the weapon of the weak, but the power which is the subject of this article can be used only by the strong. This power is not passive resistance; indeed it calls for intense activity. The movement in South Africa was not passive but active ... .'

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'Satyagraha is pure soul-force. 'Truth is the very substance of the soul. That why is this force is called satyagraha. The soul is informed with knowledge. In it burns the flame of love ... Non-violence is the supreme dharma ...

'It is certain that India cannot rival Britain or Europe in force of arms. The British worship the war-god and they can all of them become, as they are becoming, bearers of arms. The hundreds of millions in India can never carry arms. They have made the religion of non-violence their own ...'

  1. What type of movement Gandhiji organised in South Africa?
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