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CBSE Class 10 - Social Science: Events and Processes - Nationalism in India - Impact of First World War, Khilafat, Non- Cooperation

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Question

“The plantation workers in Assam had their own understanding of Mahatma Gandhi and the notion of Swaraj”. Support the statement with arguments.

Solution

The plantation workers in Assam had their own understanding of Mahatma Gandhi and the notion of Swaraj. Plantation workers in Assam were kept in strict confinement and had to work for longer hours for meagre pay. Moreover, for the plantation workers, ‘swaraj’ meant the right to move freely in and out of the confined spaces and the freedom to visit their native villages. The workers after the beginning of the Non-Cooperation Movement, disobeyed the authorities, left the plantation and headed to their villages. The plantation workers believed that in the Gandhi Raj, every person would be given land in their own villages. However, they were caught by the police while on their way and were brutally beaten up. The plantation workers thus conceived the notion of swaraj in their own ways in which they thought that each of them will have freedom and land, thus ending their poverty and miseries.

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Solution Concept: Nationalism in India - Impact of First World War, Khilafat, Non- Cooperation.
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